First early hominin from Central Africa (Ishango, Democratic Republic of Congo)

Isabelle Crevecoeur, Matthew M. Skinner, Shara Bailey, Philipp Gunz, Silvia Bortoluzzi, Alison S. Brooks, Christian Burlet, Els Cornelissen, Nora De Clerck, Bruno Maureille, Patrick Semal, Yves Vanbrabant, Bernard Wood

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Despite uncontested evidence for fossils belonging to the early hominin genus Australopithecus in East Africa from at least 4.2 million years ago (Ma), and from Chad by 3.5 Ma, thus far there has been no convincing evidence of Australopithecus, Paranthropus or early Homo from the western (Albertine) branch of the Rift Valley. Here we report the discovery of an isolated upper molar (#Ish25) from the Western Rift Valley site of Ishango in Central Africa in a derived context, overlying beds dated to between ca. 2.6 to 2.0 Ma. We used μCT imaging to compare its external and internal macro-morphology to upper molars of australopiths, and fossil and recent Homo. We show that the size and shape of the enamel-dentine junction (EDJ) surface discriminate between Plio-Pleistocene and post-Lower Pleistocene hominins, and that the Ishango molar clusters with australopiths and early Homo from East and southern Africa. A reassessment of the archaeological context of the specimen is consistent with the morphological evidence and suggest that early hominins were occupying this region by at least 2 Ma.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article numbere84652
    JournalPLoS One
    Volume9
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 10 2014

    Fingerprint

    Central Africa
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Enamels
    Hominidae
    Homo
    Macros
    Eastern Africa
    Imaging techniques
    valleys
    fossils
    Chad
    Fossils
    enamel
    Southern Africa
    teeth
    image analysis
    Dentin
    Dental Enamel

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medicine(all)
    • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
    • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

    Cite this

    Crevecoeur, I., Skinner, M. M., Bailey, S., Gunz, P., Bortoluzzi, S., Brooks, A. S., ... Wood, B. (2014). First early hominin from Central Africa (Ishango, Democratic Republic of Congo). PLoS One, 9(1), [e84652]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084652

    First early hominin from Central Africa (Ishango, Democratic Republic of Congo). / Crevecoeur, Isabelle; Skinner, Matthew M.; Bailey, Shara; Gunz, Philipp; Bortoluzzi, Silvia; Brooks, Alison S.; Burlet, Christian; Cornelissen, Els; De Clerck, Nora; Maureille, Bruno; Semal, Patrick; Vanbrabant, Yves; Wood, Bernard.

    In: PLoS One, Vol. 9, No. 1, e84652, 10.01.2014.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Crevecoeur, I, Skinner, MM, Bailey, S, Gunz, P, Bortoluzzi, S, Brooks, AS, Burlet, C, Cornelissen, E, De Clerck, N, Maureille, B, Semal, P, Vanbrabant, Y & Wood, B 2014, 'First early hominin from Central Africa (Ishango, Democratic Republic of Congo)', PLoS One, vol. 9, no. 1, e84652. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084652
    Crevecoeur I, Skinner MM, Bailey S, Gunz P, Bortoluzzi S, Brooks AS et al. First early hominin from Central Africa (Ishango, Democratic Republic of Congo). PLoS One. 2014 Jan 10;9(1). e84652. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0084652
    Crevecoeur, Isabelle ; Skinner, Matthew M. ; Bailey, Shara ; Gunz, Philipp ; Bortoluzzi, Silvia ; Brooks, Alison S. ; Burlet, Christian ; Cornelissen, Els ; De Clerck, Nora ; Maureille, Bruno ; Semal, Patrick ; Vanbrabant, Yves ; Wood, Bernard. / First early hominin from Central Africa (Ishango, Democratic Republic of Congo). In: PLoS One. 2014 ; Vol. 9, No. 1.
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