Fides: Towards a platform for responsible data science

Julia Stoyanovich, Bill Howe, Serge Abiteboul, Gerome Miklau, Arnaud Sahuguet, Gerhard Weikum

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    Issues of responsible data analysis and use are coming to the forefront of the discourse in data science research and practice, with most significant efforts to date on the part of the data mining, machine learning, and security and privacy communities. In these fields, the research has been focused on analyzing the fairness, accountability and transparency (FAT) properties of specific algorithms and their outputs. Although these issues are most apparent in the social sciences where fairness is interpreted in terms of the distribution of resources across protected groups, management of bias in source data affects a variety of fields. Consider climate change studies that require representative data from geographically diverse regions, or supply chain analyses that require data that represents the diversity of products and customers. Any domain that involves sparse or sampled data has exposure to potential bias. In this vision paper, we argue that FAT properties must be considered as database system issues, further upstream in the data science lifecycle: bias in source data goes unnoticed, and bias may be introduced during pre-processing (fairness), spurious correlations lead to reproducibility problems (accountability), and assumptions made during pre-processing have invisible but significant effects on decisions (transparency). As machine learning methods continue to be applied broadly by non-experts, the potential for misuse increases. We see a need for a data sharing and collaborative analytics platform with features to encourage (and in some cases, enforce) best practices at all stages of the data science lifecycle. We describe features of such a platform, which we term Fides, in the context of urban analytics, outlining a systems research agenda in responsible data science.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationSSDBM 2017
    Subtitle of host publication29th International Conference on Scientific and Statistical Database Management
    PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
    ISBN (Electronic)9781450352826
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jun 27 2017
    Event29th International Conference on Scientific and Statistical Database Management, SSDBM 2017 - Chicago, United States
    Duration: Jun 27 2017Jun 29 2017

    Publication series

    NameACM International Conference Proceeding Series
    VolumePart F128636

    Other

    Other29th International Conference on Scientific and Statistical Database Management, SSDBM 2017
    CountryUnited States
    CityChicago
    Period6/27/176/29/17

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    Keywords

    • Accountability
    • Data
    • Data ethics
    • Data science for social good
    • Fairness
    • Responsibly
    • Transparency

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Software
    • Human-Computer Interaction
    • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
    • Computer Networks and Communications

    Cite this

    Stoyanovich, J., Howe, B., Abiteboul, S., Miklau, G., Sahuguet, A., & Weikum, G. (2017). Fides: Towards a platform for responsible data science. In SSDBM 2017: 29th International Conference on Scientific and Statistical Database Management [a26] (ACM International Conference Proceeding Series; Vol. Part F128636). Association for Computing Machinery. https://doi.org/10.1145/3085504.3085530