Femtosecond optical Kerr effect measurements in silicate glasses

Janice E. Aber, Maurice C. Newstein, Bruce Garetz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The optical Kerr effect was measured with 130-fs laser pulses for a variety of metal-doped silicate glasses, including pairs of glasses with comparable refractive index and Abbe number but different dopant cations. The nonlinear response appeared to be instantaneous within the resolution of the experiment, matching the measured autocorrelation function of the incident laser pulses, and therefore potentially useful in ultrafast photonic switching applications. We explain the absence of any detectable slow nuclear components through a detailed time-domain analysis of the contributions to an optical Kerr effect measurement made with ultrashort pulses. This analysis describes nonresonant vibrational contributions that are temporally indistinguishable from electronic contributions. The measured third-order susceptibilities of the Ti-, Nb-, and La-doped glasses were significantly overestimated by semiempirical models based on linear material parameters, such as the model developed by Lines [J. Appl. Phys. 69, 6876 (1991)] and the equation given by Boling-Glass-Owyoung [IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 601 (1978)].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-127
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics
Volume17
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2000

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Kerr effects
silicates
glass
pulses
time domain analysis
optical switching
autocorrelation
lasers
refractivity
magnetic permeability
cations
electronics
metals
electrons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Femtosecond optical Kerr effect measurements in silicate glasses. / Aber, Janice E.; Newstein, Maurice C.; Garetz, Bruce.

In: Journal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics, Vol. 17, No. 1, 2000, p. 120-127.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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