Feasibility and acceptability of global positioning system (GPS) Methods to study the spatial contexts of substance use and sexual risk behaviors among young men who have sex with men in New York City: A P18 cohort sub-study

Dustin T. Duncan, Farzana Kapadia, Seann D. Regan, William C. Goedel, Michael D. Levy, Staci C. Barton, Samuel R. Friedman, Perry N. Halkitis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background No global positioning system (GPS) technology study has been conducted among a sample of young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (YMSM). As such, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of using GPS methods to understand the spatial context of substance use and sexual risk behaviors among a sample of YMSM in New York City, a high-risk population. Methods Data came from a subsample of the ongoing P18 Cohort Study (n = 75). GPS feasibility and acceptability among participants was measured with: 1) a pre-and post-survey and 2) adherence to the GPS protocol which included returning the GPS device, self-report of charging and carrying the GPS device as well as objective data analyzed from the GPS devices. Analyses of the feasibility surveys were treated as repeated measures as each participant had a pre-and post-feasibility survey. When comparing the similar GPS survey items asked at baseline and at follow-up, we present percentages and associated p-values based on chi-square statistics. Results Participants reported high ratings of pre-GPS acceptability, ease of use, and low levels of wear-related concerns in addition to few concerns related to safety, loss, or appearance, which were maintained after baseline GPS feasibility data collection. The GPS return rate was 100%. Most participants charged and carried the GPS device on most days. Of the total of 75 participants with GPS data, 75 (100%) have at least one hour of GPS data for one day and 63 (84%) had at least one hour on all 7 days. Conclusions Results from this pilot study demonstrate that utilizing GPS methods among YMSM is feasible and acceptable. GPS devices may be used in spatial epidemiology research in YMSM populations to understand place-based determinants of health such as substance use and sexual risk behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0147520
JournalPLoS One
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

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risk behavior
Geographic Information Systems
global positioning systems
sexual behavior
Risk-Taking
Sexual Behavior
Global positioning system
Cohort Studies
gender
methodology
Equipment and Supplies
Epidemiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Feasibility and acceptability of global positioning system (GPS) Methods to study the spatial contexts of substance use and sexual risk behaviors among young men who have sex with men in New York City : A P18 cohort sub-study. / Duncan, Dustin T.; Kapadia, Farzana; Regan, Seann D.; Goedel, William C.; Levy, Michael D.; Barton, Staci C.; Friedman, Samuel R.; Halkitis, Perry N.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 11, No. 2, e0147520, 01.02.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background No global positioning system (GPS) technology study has been conducted among a sample of young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (YMSM). As such, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of using GPS methods to understand the spatial context of substance use and sexual risk behaviors among a sample of YMSM in New York City, a high-risk population. Methods Data came from a subsample of the ongoing P18 Cohort Study (n = 75). GPS feasibility and acceptability among participants was measured with: 1) a pre-and post-survey and 2) adherence to the GPS protocol which included returning the GPS device, self-report of charging and carrying the GPS device as well as objective data analyzed from the GPS devices. Analyses of the feasibility surveys were treated as repeated measures as each participant had a pre-and post-feasibility survey. When comparing the similar GPS survey items asked at baseline and at follow-up, we present percentages and associated p-values based on chi-square statistics. Results Participants reported high ratings of pre-GPS acceptability, ease of use, and low levels of wear-related concerns in addition to few concerns related to safety, loss, or appearance, which were maintained after baseline GPS feasibility data collection. The GPS return rate was 100{\%}. Most participants charged and carried the GPS device on most days. Of the total of 75 participants with GPS data, 75 (100{\%}) have at least one hour of GPS data for one day and 63 (84{\%}) had at least one hour on all 7 days. Conclusions Results from this pilot study demonstrate that utilizing GPS methods among YMSM is feasible and acceptable. GPS devices may be used in spatial epidemiology research in YMSM populations to understand place-based determinants of health such as substance use and sexual risk behaviors.",
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AU - Duncan, Dustin T.

AU - Kapadia, Farzana

AU - Regan, Seann D.

AU - Goedel, William C.

AU - Levy, Michael D.

AU - Barton, Staci C.

AU - Friedman, Samuel R.

AU - Halkitis, Perry N.

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