Fathers' influence on their children's cognitive and emotional development: From toddlers to pre-K

Natasha J. Cabrera, Jacqueline D. Shannon, Catherine Tamis-Lemonda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We present findings based on several of our recent studies that have shown that father engagement has significant effects on children's cognition and language at 24 and 36 months and their social and emotional development at 24, 36 months, and pre-Kindergarten. These studies are guided by the Dynamics of Paternal Influences on Children over the Life Course Model that stipulates the important contribution of parent characteristics, child and context to parenting and children's outcomes. Specifically, three research questions are addressed: (1) How do resident fathers engage with their young children at 24, 36, and 64 months (pre-K)? (2) How do fathers' human and financial resources and depressive symptoms, partner relationship quality and mother-child interactions, and children's characteristics predict the quality of fathers' engagements with their young children? And (3) how do fathers' engagements affect their young children's cognitive, language, and social and emotional outcomes across the three age groups? Educated fathers and fathers whose partners have supportive relationships with their children are more supportive and less intrusive. In contrast to mothers, fathers' supportiveness matters for children's language, cognitive, and language development across ages and emotional regulation at 24 months. On the other hand, maternal intrusiveness is negatively associated with emotional regulation at 24 and pre-K and language development at pre-K. Father intrusiveness had a small negative effect on language development only at pre-K and no effect at all on social emotional regulation. These findings suggest that programs that aim at increasing fathers' education and that promote and encourage fathers' positive parenting will yield large benefits for children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)208-213
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Developmental Science
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2007

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emotional development
cognitive development
Fathers
father
Child Language
Language Development
language
Parenting
Mothers
Mother-Child Relations
partner relationship
Cognition
kindergarten
social development
age group
cognition
Age Groups
parents
Depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Life-span and Life-course Studies
  • Applied Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Fathers' influence on their children's cognitive and emotional development : From toddlers to pre-K. / Cabrera, Natasha J.; Shannon, Jacqueline D.; Tamis-Lemonda, Catherine.

In: Applied Developmental Science, Vol. 11, No. 4, 12.2007, p. 208-213.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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