Fantasy Realization and the Bridging of Time

Gabriele Oettingen, Jennifer Thorpe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This chapter reports ideas about fantasy realization. Based on William James's distinction between beliefs and images, it differentiates two forms of thinking about the future: expectancy judgments and fantasies. It also shows that the distinction between expectancy judgments and fantasies is important. In addition, it argues that fantasies about the future can be used as a self-regulatory strategy of goal setting when contrasted with thoughts about impeding reality. After such mental contrasting of future and present reality, expectancy judgments and thus people's performance history become relevant for thought, feeling, and action. The self-regulatory strategies of indulging in the future or dwelling on the present, in contrast, are found to be moderators of the expectancy-behavior link. Finally, it discusses these findings in the context of cultural determinants of the three self-regulatory strategies of goal setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationJudgments Over Time: The Interplay of Thoughts, Feelings, and Behaviors
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)9780199848218, 0195177665, 9780195177664
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

Fingerprint

Fantasy
Emotions
History

Keywords

  • Action
  • Beliefs
  • Expectancy judgments
  • Fantasy realization
  • Feeling
  • Future
  • Goal setting
  • Images
  • Thoughts
  • Time

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Oettingen, G., & Thorpe, J. (2006). Fantasy Realization and the Bridging of Time. In Judgments Over Time: The Interplay of Thoughts, Feelings, and Behaviors Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177664.003.0008

Fantasy Realization and the Bridging of Time. / Oettingen, Gabriele; Thorpe, Jennifer.

Judgments Over Time: The Interplay of Thoughts, Feelings, and Behaviors. Oxford University Press, 2006.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Oettingen, G & Thorpe, J 2006, Fantasy Realization and the Bridging of Time. in Judgments Over Time: The Interplay of Thoughts, Feelings, and Behaviors. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177664.003.0008
Oettingen G, Thorpe J. Fantasy Realization and the Bridging of Time. In Judgments Over Time: The Interplay of Thoughts, Feelings, and Behaviors. Oxford University Press. 2006 https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177664.003.0008
Oettingen, Gabriele ; Thorpe, Jennifer. / Fantasy Realization and the Bridging of Time. Judgments Over Time: The Interplay of Thoughts, Feelings, and Behaviors. Oxford University Press, 2006.
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