Family conflict, chaos, and negative life events predict cortisol activity in low-income children

Jenalee R. Doom, Stephanie Cook, Julie Sturza, Niko Kaciroti, Ashley N. Gearhardt, Delia M. Vazquez, Julie C. Lumeng, Alison L. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Childhood poverty is hypothesized to increase risk for mental and physical health problems at least in part through dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. However, less is known about the specific psychosocial stressors associated with cortisol reactivity and regulation for children living in poverty. The current study investigates negative life events, household chaos, and family conflict in preschool and middle childhood as potential predictors of cortisol regulation in low-income 7–10 year olds (N = 242; M age = 7.9 years). Participants were assessed in preschool and participated in a follow-up assessment in middle childhood, during which diurnal free cortisol and free cortisol reactivity to the Trier Social Stress Test for Children (TSST-C) were assessed. Household chaos during preschool predicted a more blunted diurnal cortisol slope in middle childhood. Greater negative life events during preschool and greater concurrent family conflict were associated with increased free cortisol reactivity in middle childhood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)364-379
Number of pages16
JournalDevelopmental Psychobiology
Volume60
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

Fingerprint

Family Conflict
Hydrocortisone
Poverty
Exercise Test
Mental Health

Keywords

  • chaos
  • childhood
  • cortisol
  • family conflict
  • negative life events
  • poverty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Developmental Biology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Doom, J. R., Cook, S., Sturza, J., Kaciroti, N., Gearhardt, A. N., Vazquez, D. M., ... Miller, A. L. (2018). Family conflict, chaos, and negative life events predict cortisol activity in low-income children. Developmental Psychobiology, 60(4), 364-379. https://doi.org/10.1002/dev.21602

Family conflict, chaos, and negative life events predict cortisol activity in low-income children. / Doom, Jenalee R.; Cook, Stephanie; Sturza, Julie; Kaciroti, Niko; Gearhardt, Ashley N.; Vazquez, Delia M.; Lumeng, Julie C.; Miller, Alison L.

In: Developmental Psychobiology, Vol. 60, No. 4, 01.05.2018, p. 364-379.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Doom, JR, Cook, S, Sturza, J, Kaciroti, N, Gearhardt, AN, Vazquez, DM, Lumeng, JC & Miller, AL 2018, 'Family conflict, chaos, and negative life events predict cortisol activity in low-income children', Developmental Psychobiology, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 364-379. https://doi.org/10.1002/dev.21602
Doom, Jenalee R. ; Cook, Stephanie ; Sturza, Julie ; Kaciroti, Niko ; Gearhardt, Ashley N. ; Vazquez, Delia M. ; Lumeng, Julie C. ; Miller, Alison L. / Family conflict, chaos, and negative life events predict cortisol activity in low-income children. In: Developmental Psychobiology. 2018 ; Vol. 60, No. 4. pp. 364-379.
@article{67ca9661071546738a357d47f6182e40,
title = "Family conflict, chaos, and negative life events predict cortisol activity in low-income children",
abstract = "Childhood poverty is hypothesized to increase risk for mental and physical health problems at least in part through dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. However, less is known about the specific psychosocial stressors associated with cortisol reactivity and regulation for children living in poverty. The current study investigates negative life events, household chaos, and family conflict in preschool and middle childhood as potential predictors of cortisol regulation in low-income 7–10 year olds (N = 242; M age = 7.9 years). Participants were assessed in preschool and participated in a follow-up assessment in middle childhood, during which diurnal free cortisol and free cortisol reactivity to the Trier Social Stress Test for Children (TSST-C) were assessed. Household chaos during preschool predicted a more blunted diurnal cortisol slope in middle childhood. Greater negative life events during preschool and greater concurrent family conflict were associated with increased free cortisol reactivity in middle childhood.",
keywords = "chaos, childhood, cortisol, family conflict, negative life events, poverty",
author = "Doom, {Jenalee R.} and Stephanie Cook and Julie Sturza and Niko Kaciroti and Gearhardt, {Ashley N.} and Vazquez, {Delia M.} and Lumeng, {Julie C.} and Miller, {Alison L.}",
year = "2018",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/dev.21602",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "60",
pages = "364--379",
journal = "Developmental Psychobiology",
issn = "0012-1630",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Family conflict, chaos, and negative life events predict cortisol activity in low-income children

AU - Doom, Jenalee R.

AU - Cook, Stephanie

AU - Sturza, Julie

AU - Kaciroti, Niko

AU - Gearhardt, Ashley N.

AU - Vazquez, Delia M.

AU - Lumeng, Julie C.

AU - Miller, Alison L.

PY - 2018/5/1

Y1 - 2018/5/1

N2 - Childhood poverty is hypothesized to increase risk for mental and physical health problems at least in part through dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. However, less is known about the specific psychosocial stressors associated with cortisol reactivity and regulation for children living in poverty. The current study investigates negative life events, household chaos, and family conflict in preschool and middle childhood as potential predictors of cortisol regulation in low-income 7–10 year olds (N = 242; M age = 7.9 years). Participants were assessed in preschool and participated in a follow-up assessment in middle childhood, during which diurnal free cortisol and free cortisol reactivity to the Trier Social Stress Test for Children (TSST-C) were assessed. Household chaos during preschool predicted a more blunted diurnal cortisol slope in middle childhood. Greater negative life events during preschool and greater concurrent family conflict were associated with increased free cortisol reactivity in middle childhood.

AB - Childhood poverty is hypothesized to increase risk for mental and physical health problems at least in part through dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. However, less is known about the specific psychosocial stressors associated with cortisol reactivity and regulation for children living in poverty. The current study investigates negative life events, household chaos, and family conflict in preschool and middle childhood as potential predictors of cortisol regulation in low-income 7–10 year olds (N = 242; M age = 7.9 years). Participants were assessed in preschool and participated in a follow-up assessment in middle childhood, during which diurnal free cortisol and free cortisol reactivity to the Trier Social Stress Test for Children (TSST-C) were assessed. Household chaos during preschool predicted a more blunted diurnal cortisol slope in middle childhood. Greater negative life events during preschool and greater concurrent family conflict were associated with increased free cortisol reactivity in middle childhood.

KW - chaos

KW - childhood

KW - cortisol

KW - family conflict

KW - negative life events

KW - poverty

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85047401609&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85047401609&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/dev.21602

DO - 10.1002/dev.21602

M3 - Article

VL - 60

SP - 364

EP - 379

JO - Developmental Psychobiology

JF - Developmental Psychobiology

SN - 0012-1630

IS - 4

ER -