Family composition and children's exposure to adult smokers in their homes

Katherine King, Melissa Martynenko, Melissa H. Bergman, Ying Hua Liu, Jonathan P. Winickoff, Michael Weitzman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE. Smoking behavior is strongly influenced by the social environment. More information is needed about how the composition of households with children is associated with adult smoking behavior so that more effective interventions to reduce children's secondhand smoke exposure can be devised and implemented. METHODS. Using data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey 2000-2004, we conducted cross-sectional analyses to assess how adult smoking behavior is associated with household characteristics, including the number of adults and smokers present, the relationship of the child to the head of household, and relationships between adult members of the household. RESULTS. More than one third (34.4%) of children lived with ≥1 adult smoker. Almost half (49.4%) of poor children lived with a smoker, and they were more likely to live with multiple smokers compared with those who lived at >400% of the federal poverty level (21.2% vs 7.8%). Approximately 5 million children lived in households headed by an adult other than their parent, and they were significantly more likely to live with smokers: 53.4% of children who lived in their grandparents' homes and 46.2% of children in homes of other adults lived with at least 1 adult smoker, compared with 33.3% who lived in their parents' home. A total of 59.4% of all children who lived with a smoker had a smoking mother, and 56.7% of those children lived with ≥2 smokers, whereas only 17.0% of children whose mother did not smoke had smoking adults in the home. CONCLUSIONS. These findings demonstrate the significant influence of household composition on children's likelihood to live in homes with adult smokers.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    JournalPediatrics
    Volume123
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Apr 1 2009

    Fingerprint

    Smoking
    Mothers
    Tobacco Smoke Pollution
    Social Environment
    Poverty
    Health Expenditures
    Smoke
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Parents

    Keywords

    • Disparities
    • Environmental tobacco smoke
    • Family context
    • Smoking

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

    Cite this

    King, K., Martynenko, M., Bergman, M. H., Liu, Y. H., Winickoff, J. P., & Weitzman, M. (2009). Family composition and children's exposure to adult smokers in their homes. Pediatrics, 123(4). https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2008-2317

    Family composition and children's exposure to adult smokers in their homes. / King, Katherine; Martynenko, Melissa; Bergman, Melissa H.; Liu, Ying Hua; Winickoff, Jonathan P.; Weitzman, Michael.

    In: Pediatrics, Vol. 123, No. 4, 01.04.2009.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    King, K, Martynenko, M, Bergman, MH, Liu, YH, Winickoff, JP & Weitzman, M 2009, 'Family composition and children's exposure to adult smokers in their homes', Pediatrics, vol. 123, no. 4. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2008-2317
    King K, Martynenko M, Bergman MH, Liu YH, Winickoff JP, Weitzman M. Family composition and children's exposure to adult smokers in their homes. Pediatrics. 2009 Apr 1;123(4). https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2008-2317
    King, Katherine ; Martynenko, Melissa ; Bergman, Melissa H. ; Liu, Ying Hua ; Winickoff, Jonathan P. ; Weitzman, Michael. / Family composition and children's exposure to adult smokers in their homes. In: Pediatrics. 2009 ; Vol. 123, No. 4.
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