Failure of birth data to predict early school difficulties among inner- city, first graders

R. S. Byrd, Michael Weitzman, A. S. Doniger, K. J. Roghmann

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Objectives. To determine a set of perinatal characteristics that predict school difficulties in inner-city children by comparing first graders requiring remediation with first graders progressing normally. Methods. In a case-control study, maternal surveys about perinatal characteristics were completed for 74 of 90 remedial pre-first and 62 of 90 randomly selected first graders in the Rochester, NY, City School District. Results. Pre-first graders, as compared with first graders, were more likely to have had birth weights <2,500 g (27% versus 6%). During pregnancy, their mothers were more likely to have been unemployed (73% versus 50%), to have received WIC (68% versus 50%), to have been covered by Medicaid (58% versus 37%), and to have received late or no prenatal care (9% versus 2%). Of these factors, only low birth weight was independently associated with remedial kindergarten placement. Conclusion. Potential risk factors, unfortunately, were fairly prevalent in both groups of inner-city children. While the remedial group was shown to be at greater risk, these findings have little utility in identifying subsets most likely to require remediation at school entry. Because resources aimed at preventing the long-term consequences of early school failure are limited, better means of identifying educational risk at an early age are urgently needed.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)155-166
    Number of pages12
    JournalBulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine: Journal of Urban Health
    Volume71
    Issue number2
    StatePublished - Dec 1 1994

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    Parturition
    school
    Mothers
    Prenatal Care
    Medicaid
    Low Birth Weight Infant
    kindergarten
    Birth Weight
    Case-Control Studies
    pregnancy
    Group
    district
    Pregnancy
    resources
    Surveys and Questionnaires

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

    Cite this

    Failure of birth data to predict early school difficulties among inner- city, first graders. / Byrd, R. S.; Weitzman, Michael; Doniger, A. S.; Roghmann, K. J.

    In: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine: Journal of Urban Health, Vol. 71, No. 2, 01.12.1994, p. 155-166.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Byrd, R. S. ; Weitzman, Michael ; Doniger, A. S. ; Roghmann, K. J. / Failure of birth data to predict early school difficulties among inner- city, first graders. In: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine: Journal of Urban Health. 1994 ; Vol. 71, No. 2. pp. 155-166.
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