Failure modes of Y-TZP crowns at different cusp inclines

Estevam A. Bonfante, Irena Sailer, N. R F A Silva, Van P. Thompson, E. Dianne Rekow, Paulo Coelho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To compare the reliability of the disto-facial (DF) and mesio-lingual (ML) cusps of an anatomically correct zirconia (Y-TZP) crown system. The research hypotheses tested were: (1) fatigue reliability and failure mode are similar for the ML and DF cusps; (2) failure mode of one cusp does not affect the failure of the other. Methods: The average dimensions of a mandibular first molar crown were imported into CAD software; a tooth preparation was modelled by 1.5 mm marginal high reduction of proximal walls and occlusal surface by 2.0 mm. The CAD-based tooth preparation was milled and used as a die to fabricate crowns (n = 14) with porcelain veneer on a 0.5 mm Y-TZP core. Crowns were cemented on composite reproductions of the tooth preparation. The crowns were step-stress mouth motion fatigued with sliding (0.7 mm) a tungsten-carbide indenter of 6.25 mm diameter down on the inclines of either the DF or ML cusps. Use level probability Weibull curve with use stress of 200 N and the reliability for completion of a mission of 50,000 cycles at 200 N load were calculated. Results: Reliability for a 200 N at 50,000 cycles mission was not different between tested cusps. SEM imaging showed large cohesive failures within the veneer for the ML and smaller for the DF. Fractures originated from the contact area regardless of the cusp loaded. Conclusion: No significant difference on fatigue reliability was observed between the DF compared to the ML cusp. Fracture of one cusp did not affect the other.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)707-712
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Dentistry
Volume38
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2010

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Crowns
Tongue
Tooth Preparation
Fatigue
Dental Porcelain
Reproducibility of Results
Reproduction
Mouth
Software
Research

Keywords

  • All-ceramic
  • Crown
  • Fatigue
  • Porcelain veneer
  • Reliability
  • Weibull
  • Y-TZP
  • Zirconia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Bonfante, E. A., Sailer, I., Silva, N. R. F. A., Thompson, V. P., Dianne Rekow, E., & Coelho, P. (2010). Failure modes of Y-TZP crowns at different cusp inclines. Journal of Dentistry, 38(9), 707-712. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2010.04.001

Failure modes of Y-TZP crowns at different cusp inclines. / Bonfante, Estevam A.; Sailer, Irena; Silva, N. R F A; Thompson, Van P.; Dianne Rekow, E.; Coelho, Paulo.

In: Journal of Dentistry, Vol. 38, No. 9, 09.2010, p. 707-712.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bonfante, EA, Sailer, I, Silva, NRFA, Thompson, VP, Dianne Rekow, E & Coelho, P 2010, 'Failure modes of Y-TZP crowns at different cusp inclines', Journal of Dentistry, vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 707-712. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2010.04.001
Bonfante EA, Sailer I, Silva NRFA, Thompson VP, Dianne Rekow E, Coelho P. Failure modes of Y-TZP crowns at different cusp inclines. Journal of Dentistry. 2010 Sep;38(9):707-712. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2010.04.001
Bonfante, Estevam A. ; Sailer, Irena ; Silva, N. R F A ; Thompson, Van P. ; Dianne Rekow, E. ; Coelho, Paulo. / Failure modes of Y-TZP crowns at different cusp inclines. In: Journal of Dentistry. 2010 ; Vol. 38, No. 9. pp. 707-712.
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abstract = "Objectives: To compare the reliability of the disto-facial (DF) and mesio-lingual (ML) cusps of an anatomically correct zirconia (Y-TZP) crown system. The research hypotheses tested were: (1) fatigue reliability and failure mode are similar for the ML and DF cusps; (2) failure mode of one cusp does not affect the failure of the other. Methods: The average dimensions of a mandibular first molar crown were imported into CAD software; a tooth preparation was modelled by 1.5 mm marginal high reduction of proximal walls and occlusal surface by 2.0 mm. The CAD-based tooth preparation was milled and used as a die to fabricate crowns (n = 14) with porcelain veneer on a 0.5 mm Y-TZP core. Crowns were cemented on composite reproductions of the tooth preparation. The crowns were step-stress mouth motion fatigued with sliding (0.7 mm) a tungsten-carbide indenter of 6.25 mm diameter down on the inclines of either the DF or ML cusps. Use level probability Weibull curve with use stress of 200 N and the reliability for completion of a mission of 50,000 cycles at 200 N load were calculated. Results: Reliability for a 200 N at 50,000 cycles mission was not different between tested cusps. SEM imaging showed large cohesive failures within the veneer for the ML and smaller for the DF. Fractures originated from the contact area regardless of the cusp loaded. Conclusion: No significant difference on fatigue reliability was observed between the DF compared to the ML cusp. Fracture of one cusp did not affect the other.",
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