Faculties in Arabic Philosophy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Classical Arabic philosophy provides illuminating perspectives on the western doctrine of the faculties. The systematization by Ibn Sina (the Latin Avicenna) of Aristotelian cognitive psychology provides an obvious access point, both for its success and its explanatory power. Avicenna was not, however, the first or only Arabic author to write on the nature of the faculties. Viewed against this wider backdrop, Avicenna's innovations gain in added resonance, even as they become contextualized. For instance, the Arabic discussion demonstrates how the Aristotelian theory of the psychic faculties builds on the metaphysical framework of interlocking active and passive powers. This raises several questions. Are the psychic faculties differentiated according to their objects or, rather, according to the suitedness of the various sense-organs? And what of the purportedly active nature of intellection? Many of the highlighted issues pit the underlying naturalism of the Aristotelian scheme against the supposedly special nature of human agency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Faculties
Subtitle of host publicationA History
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780190247201
ISBN (Print)9780199935253
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 30 2015

Fingerprint

Arabic philosophy
Avicenna
Aristotelian
Psychic
Naturalism
Explanatory Power
Systematization
Metaphysical
Doctrine
Ibn Sina
Intellection
Innovation
Human Agency
Organs
Cognitive Psychology
Classical Arabic
Latin Language

Keywords

  • Avicenna
  • Cognitive psychology
  • Naturalism
  • Powers
  • Psychic faculties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)

Cite this

Faculties in Arabic Philosophy. / Kukkonen, Kalle Taneli.

The Faculties: A History. Oxford University Press, 2015.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Kukkonen, Kalle Taneli. / Faculties in Arabic Philosophy. The Faculties: A History. Oxford University Press, 2015.
@inbook{376c69460f13416399a7b514c08ced52,
title = "Faculties in Arabic Philosophy",
abstract = "Classical Arabic philosophy provides illuminating perspectives on the western doctrine of the faculties. The systematization by Ibn Sina (the Latin Avicenna) of Aristotelian cognitive psychology provides an obvious access point, both for its success and its explanatory power. Avicenna was not, however, the first or only Arabic author to write on the nature of the faculties. Viewed against this wider backdrop, Avicenna's innovations gain in added resonance, even as they become contextualized. For instance, the Arabic discussion demonstrates how the Aristotelian theory of the psychic faculties builds on the metaphysical framework of interlocking active and passive powers. This raises several questions. Are the psychic faculties differentiated according to their objects or, rather, according to the suitedness of the various sense-organs? And what of the purportedly active nature of intellection? Many of the highlighted issues pit the underlying naturalism of the Aristotelian scheme against the supposedly special nature of human agency.",
keywords = "Avicenna, Cognitive psychology, Naturalism, Powers, Psychic faculties",
author = "Kukkonen, {Kalle Taneli}",
year = "2015",
month = "6",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199935253.003.0004",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780199935253",
booktitle = "The Faculties",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Faculties in Arabic Philosophy

AU - Kukkonen, Kalle Taneli

PY - 2015/6/30

Y1 - 2015/6/30

N2 - Classical Arabic philosophy provides illuminating perspectives on the western doctrine of the faculties. The systematization by Ibn Sina (the Latin Avicenna) of Aristotelian cognitive psychology provides an obvious access point, both for its success and its explanatory power. Avicenna was not, however, the first or only Arabic author to write on the nature of the faculties. Viewed against this wider backdrop, Avicenna's innovations gain in added resonance, even as they become contextualized. For instance, the Arabic discussion demonstrates how the Aristotelian theory of the psychic faculties builds on the metaphysical framework of interlocking active and passive powers. This raises several questions. Are the psychic faculties differentiated according to their objects or, rather, according to the suitedness of the various sense-organs? And what of the purportedly active nature of intellection? Many of the highlighted issues pit the underlying naturalism of the Aristotelian scheme against the supposedly special nature of human agency.

AB - Classical Arabic philosophy provides illuminating perspectives on the western doctrine of the faculties. The systematization by Ibn Sina (the Latin Avicenna) of Aristotelian cognitive psychology provides an obvious access point, both for its success and its explanatory power. Avicenna was not, however, the first or only Arabic author to write on the nature of the faculties. Viewed against this wider backdrop, Avicenna's innovations gain in added resonance, even as they become contextualized. For instance, the Arabic discussion demonstrates how the Aristotelian theory of the psychic faculties builds on the metaphysical framework of interlocking active and passive powers. This raises several questions. Are the psychic faculties differentiated according to their objects or, rather, according to the suitedness of the various sense-organs? And what of the purportedly active nature of intellection? Many of the highlighted issues pit the underlying naturalism of the Aristotelian scheme against the supposedly special nature of human agency.

KW - Avicenna

KW - Cognitive psychology

KW - Naturalism

KW - Powers

KW - Psychic faculties

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84938773682&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84938773682&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199935253.003.0004

DO - 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199935253.003.0004

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:84938773682

SN - 9780199935253

BT - The Faculties

PB - Oxford University Press

ER -