Factors associated with continued food insecurity among households recovering from hurricane Katrina

Lauren A. Clay, Mia A. Papas, Kimberly B. Gill, David Abramson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In 2010, 14.5% of US households experienced food insecurity, which adversely impacts health. Some groups are at increased risk for food insecurity, such as female-headed households, and those same groups are often also at increased risk for disaster exposure and the negative consequences that come with exposure. Little research has been done on food insecurity post-disaster. The present study investigates long-term food insecurity among households heavily impacted by Hurricane Katrina. A sample of 683 households participating in the Gulf Coast Child and Family Health Study were examined using a generalized estimation model to determine protective and risk factors for food insecurity during long-term recovery. Higher income (Odds Ratio (OR) 0.84, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 0.77, 0.91), having a partner (OR 0.93; 95% CI 0.89, 0.97), or “other” race were found to be protective against food insecurity over a five-year period following disaster exposure. Low social support (OR 1.14; 95% CI 1.08, 1.20), poor physical health (OR 1.08; 95% CI 1.03, 1.13) or mental health (OR 1.13; 95% CI 1.09, 1.18), and female sex (OR 1.05; 95% CI 1.01, 1.10) were risk factors. Policies and programs that increase access to food supplies among high-risk groups are needed to reduce the negative health impacts of disasters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1647
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume15
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 3 2018

Fingerprint

Cyclonic Storms
Food Supply
Odds Ratio
Disasters
Confidence Intervals
Health
Family Health
Sex Ratio
Social Support
Mental Health
Research

Keywords

  • Disaster
  • Family health
  • Food insecurity
  • Hurricane katrina
  • Mental health
  • Physical health
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Factors associated with continued food insecurity among households recovering from hurricane Katrina. / Clay, Lauren A.; Papas, Mia A.; Gill, Kimberly B.; Abramson, David.

In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 15, No. 8, 1647, 03.08.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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