Eyetracking and selective attention in category learning

Bob Rehder, Aaron B. Hoffman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An eyetracking version of the classic Shepard, Hovland, and Jenkins (1961) experiment was conducted. Forty years of research has assumed that category learning often involves learning to selectively attend to only those stimulus dimensions useful for classification. We confirmed that participants learned to allocate their attention optimally. We also found that learners tend to fixate all stimulus dimensions early in learning. This result obtained despite evidence that participants were also testing one-dimensional rules during this period. Finally, the restriction of eye movements to only relevant dimensions tended to occur only after errors were largely (or completely) eliminated. We interpret these findings as consistent with multiple-systems theories of learning which maximize information input in order to maximize the number of learning modules involved, and which focus solely on relevant information only after one module has solved the learning problem.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-41
Number of pages41
JournalCognitive Psychology
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2005

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Eye movements
System theory
Learning
Testing
learning
Experiments
stimulus
Systems Theory
system theory
Eye Movements
experiment
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evidence

Keywords

  • Categorization
  • Category learning
  • Eyetracking
  • Selective attention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Eyetracking and selective attention in category learning. / Rehder, Bob; Hoffman, Aaron B.

In: Cognitive Psychology, Vol. 51, No. 1, 08.2005, p. 1-41.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rehder, Bob ; Hoffman, Aaron B. / Eyetracking and selective attention in category learning. In: Cognitive Psychology. 2005 ; Vol. 51, No. 1. pp. 1-41.
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