Extreme events and climate adaptation-mitigation linkages: Understanding low-carbon transitions in the era of global urbanization

William Solecki, Nancy Grimm, Peter Marcotullio, Christopher Boone, Jose Lobo, Andres Luque, Patricia Romero-Lankao, Andrea Young, Rae Zimmerman, Rebekah Breitzer, Corrie Griffith, Alexander Aylett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

It has become increasingly clear that cities will have to simultaneously undertake both adaptation and mitigation in response to accelerating climate change and the growing demands for meaningful climate action. Here we examine the connections between climate mitigation and climate adaptation, specifically, between low-carbon energy systems and extreme events. The article specifically addresses the question, how do responses to extreme climate risks enhance or limit capacity to promote city-level greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation? As a step toward answering this question, we present a framework for considering windows of opportunity that may arise as a result of extreme events and how these windows can be exploited to foster development and implementation of low-carbon energy strategies. Four brief case studies are used to provide empirical background and determine the impact of potential windows of opportunity. Some general conclusions are defined. In particular, the existing energy system structure is an important determinant of impact and potential for energy transitions. Well-developed and articulated governance strategies and ready access of effective and economically efficient alternative energy technology were key to transitions. However, prospects for inequity in development and implementation of low-carbon solutions need to be considered. Finally, exploiting windows of opportunity afforded by extreme events for developing low-carbon economy and infrastructure also can provide resilience against those very events. These types of responses will be needed as extreme events increase in frequency and magnitude in the future, with cities as primary sites of impact and action. This article is categorized under: Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change > Learning from Cases and Analogies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere616
JournalWiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

extreme event
urbanization
mitigation
climate
event
carbon
energy
climate change
alternative energy
energy technology
system structure
vulnerability
greenhouse gas
learning
infrastructure
resilience
determinants
governance
economy
city

Keywords

  • adaptation-mitigation synergy
  • extreme events
  • low carbon transitions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Extreme events and climate adaptation-mitigation linkages : Understanding low-carbon transitions in the era of global urbanization. / Solecki, William; Grimm, Nancy; Marcotullio, Peter; Boone, Christopher; Lobo, Jose; Luque, Andres; Romero-Lankao, Patricia; Young, Andrea; Zimmerman, Rae; Breitzer, Rebekah; Griffith, Corrie; Aylett, Alexander.

In: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Solecki, William ; Grimm, Nancy ; Marcotullio, Peter ; Boone, Christopher ; Lobo, Jose ; Luque, Andres ; Romero-Lankao, Patricia ; Young, Andrea ; Zimmerman, Rae ; Breitzer, Rebekah ; Griffith, Corrie ; Aylett, Alexander. / Extreme events and climate adaptation-mitigation linkages : Understanding low-carbon transitions in the era of global urbanization. In: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change. 2019.
@article{3e9b53aff9f04c4098764749539df065,
title = "Extreme events and climate adaptation-mitigation linkages: Understanding low-carbon transitions in the era of global urbanization",
abstract = "It has become increasingly clear that cities will have to simultaneously undertake both adaptation and mitigation in response to accelerating climate change and the growing demands for meaningful climate action. Here we examine the connections between climate mitigation and climate adaptation, specifically, between low-carbon energy systems and extreme events. The article specifically addresses the question, how do responses to extreme climate risks enhance or limit capacity to promote city-level greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation? As a step toward answering this question, we present a framework for considering windows of opportunity that may arise as a result of extreme events and how these windows can be exploited to foster development and implementation of low-carbon energy strategies. Four brief case studies are used to provide empirical background and determine the impact of potential windows of opportunity. Some general conclusions are defined. In particular, the existing energy system structure is an important determinant of impact and potential for energy transitions. Well-developed and articulated governance strategies and ready access of effective and economically efficient alternative energy technology were key to transitions. However, prospects for inequity in development and implementation of low-carbon solutions need to be considered. Finally, exploiting windows of opportunity afforded by extreme events for developing low-carbon economy and infrastructure also can provide resilience against those very events. These types of responses will be needed as extreme events increase in frequency and magnitude in the future, with cities as primary sites of impact and action. This article is categorized under: Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change > Learning from Cases and Analogies.",
keywords = "adaptation-mitigation synergy, extreme events, low carbon transitions",
author = "William Solecki and Nancy Grimm and Peter Marcotullio and Christopher Boone and Jose Lobo and Andres Luque and Patricia Romero-Lankao and Andrea Young and Rae Zimmerman and Rebekah Breitzer and Corrie Griffith and Alexander Aylett",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/wcc.616",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change",
issn = "1757-7780",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Extreme events and climate adaptation-mitigation linkages

T2 - Understanding low-carbon transitions in the era of global urbanization

AU - Solecki, William

AU - Grimm, Nancy

AU - Marcotullio, Peter

AU - Boone, Christopher

AU - Lobo, Jose

AU - Luque, Andres

AU - Romero-Lankao, Patricia

AU - Young, Andrea

AU - Zimmerman, Rae

AU - Breitzer, Rebekah

AU - Griffith, Corrie

AU - Aylett, Alexander

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - It has become increasingly clear that cities will have to simultaneously undertake both adaptation and mitigation in response to accelerating climate change and the growing demands for meaningful climate action. Here we examine the connections between climate mitigation and climate adaptation, specifically, between low-carbon energy systems and extreme events. The article specifically addresses the question, how do responses to extreme climate risks enhance or limit capacity to promote city-level greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation? As a step toward answering this question, we present a framework for considering windows of opportunity that may arise as a result of extreme events and how these windows can be exploited to foster development and implementation of low-carbon energy strategies. Four brief case studies are used to provide empirical background and determine the impact of potential windows of opportunity. Some general conclusions are defined. In particular, the existing energy system structure is an important determinant of impact and potential for energy transitions. Well-developed and articulated governance strategies and ready access of effective and economically efficient alternative energy technology were key to transitions. However, prospects for inequity in development and implementation of low-carbon solutions need to be considered. Finally, exploiting windows of opportunity afforded by extreme events for developing low-carbon economy and infrastructure also can provide resilience against those very events. These types of responses will be needed as extreme events increase in frequency and magnitude in the future, with cities as primary sites of impact and action. This article is categorized under: Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change > Learning from Cases and Analogies.

AB - It has become increasingly clear that cities will have to simultaneously undertake both adaptation and mitigation in response to accelerating climate change and the growing demands for meaningful climate action. Here we examine the connections between climate mitigation and climate adaptation, specifically, between low-carbon energy systems and extreme events. The article specifically addresses the question, how do responses to extreme climate risks enhance or limit capacity to promote city-level greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation? As a step toward answering this question, we present a framework for considering windows of opportunity that may arise as a result of extreme events and how these windows can be exploited to foster development and implementation of low-carbon energy strategies. Four brief case studies are used to provide empirical background and determine the impact of potential windows of opportunity. Some general conclusions are defined. In particular, the existing energy system structure is an important determinant of impact and potential for energy transitions. Well-developed and articulated governance strategies and ready access of effective and economically efficient alternative energy technology were key to transitions. However, prospects for inequity in development and implementation of low-carbon solutions need to be considered. Finally, exploiting windows of opportunity afforded by extreme events for developing low-carbon economy and infrastructure also can provide resilience against those very events. These types of responses will be needed as extreme events increase in frequency and magnitude in the future, with cities as primary sites of impact and action. This article is categorized under: Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change > Learning from Cases and Analogies.

KW - adaptation-mitigation synergy

KW - extreme events

KW - low carbon transitions

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85071499210&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85071499210&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/wcc.616

DO - 10.1002/wcc.616

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85071499210

JO - Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change

JF - Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change

SN - 1757-7780

M1 - e616

ER -