Exploring a bidirectional model of executive functions and fluid intelligence across early development

Fitim Uka, Catherine Gunzenhauser, Ross A. Larsen, Antje Von Suchodoletz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Despite the importance of executive functions (EFs) and fluid intelligence for many everyday tasks, the evidence regarding associations between the two constructs remains limited and mixed. The present study is exploratory in testing a bidirectional model between various core components of EFs and fluid intelligence over the preschool period. A sample of 150 preschool children from Kosovo (51% girls) was tested on measures of EFs and fluid intelligence across three measurement waves. Autoregressive cross-lagged path models were used to test reciprocal effects. Preliminary results showed that prior EFs and fluid intelligence predicted later competence in the same domain. Initial evidence was found for a bidirectional relation between inhibitory control and fluid intelligence across time, but not for the other components under investigation (i.e., working memory and attention shifting). Findings indicated that relationships may differ depending on the component of EFs investigated, thus, suggesting a complex pattern of relations between EFs and fluid intelligence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-121
Number of pages11
JournalIntelligence
Volume75
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019

Fingerprint

Executive Function
Intelligence
Kosovo
Preschool Children
Short-Term Memory
Mental Competency

Keywords

  • Bidirectional model
  • Executive functions
  • Fluid intelligence
  • Preschool children

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Exploring a bidirectional model of executive functions and fluid intelligence across early development. / Uka, Fitim; Gunzenhauser, Catherine; Larsen, Ross A.; Von Suchodoletz, Antje.

In: Intelligence, Vol. 75, 01.07.2019, p. 111-121.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Uka, Fitim ; Gunzenhauser, Catherine ; Larsen, Ross A. ; Von Suchodoletz, Antje. / Exploring a bidirectional model of executive functions and fluid intelligence across early development. In: Intelligence. 2019 ; Vol. 75. pp. 111-121.
@article{3240734d830940d193c45a6858103abb,
title = "Exploring a bidirectional model of executive functions and fluid intelligence across early development",
abstract = "Despite the importance of executive functions (EFs) and fluid intelligence for many everyday tasks, the evidence regarding associations between the two constructs remains limited and mixed. The present study is exploratory in testing a bidirectional model between various core components of EFs and fluid intelligence over the preschool period. A sample of 150 preschool children from Kosovo (51{\%} girls) was tested on measures of EFs and fluid intelligence across three measurement waves. Autoregressive cross-lagged path models were used to test reciprocal effects. Preliminary results showed that prior EFs and fluid intelligence predicted later competence in the same domain. Initial evidence was found for a bidirectional relation between inhibitory control and fluid intelligence across time, but not for the other components under investigation (i.e., working memory and attention shifting). Findings indicated that relationships may differ depending on the component of EFs investigated, thus, suggesting a complex pattern of relations between EFs and fluid intelligence.",
keywords = "Bidirectional model, Executive functions, Fluid intelligence, Preschool children",
author = "Fitim Uka and Catherine Gunzenhauser and Larsen, {Ross A.} and {Von Suchodoletz}, Antje",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.intell.2019.05.002",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "75",
pages = "111--121",
journal = "Intelligence",
issn = "0160-2896",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exploring a bidirectional model of executive functions and fluid intelligence across early development

AU - Uka, Fitim

AU - Gunzenhauser, Catherine

AU - Larsen, Ross A.

AU - Von Suchodoletz, Antje

PY - 2019/7/1

Y1 - 2019/7/1

N2 - Despite the importance of executive functions (EFs) and fluid intelligence for many everyday tasks, the evidence regarding associations between the two constructs remains limited and mixed. The present study is exploratory in testing a bidirectional model between various core components of EFs and fluid intelligence over the preschool period. A sample of 150 preschool children from Kosovo (51% girls) was tested on measures of EFs and fluid intelligence across three measurement waves. Autoregressive cross-lagged path models were used to test reciprocal effects. Preliminary results showed that prior EFs and fluid intelligence predicted later competence in the same domain. Initial evidence was found for a bidirectional relation between inhibitory control and fluid intelligence across time, but not for the other components under investigation (i.e., working memory and attention shifting). Findings indicated that relationships may differ depending on the component of EFs investigated, thus, suggesting a complex pattern of relations between EFs and fluid intelligence.

AB - Despite the importance of executive functions (EFs) and fluid intelligence for many everyday tasks, the evidence regarding associations between the two constructs remains limited and mixed. The present study is exploratory in testing a bidirectional model between various core components of EFs and fluid intelligence over the preschool period. A sample of 150 preschool children from Kosovo (51% girls) was tested on measures of EFs and fluid intelligence across three measurement waves. Autoregressive cross-lagged path models were used to test reciprocal effects. Preliminary results showed that prior EFs and fluid intelligence predicted later competence in the same domain. Initial evidence was found for a bidirectional relation between inhibitory control and fluid intelligence across time, but not for the other components under investigation (i.e., working memory and attention shifting). Findings indicated that relationships may differ depending on the component of EFs investigated, thus, suggesting a complex pattern of relations between EFs and fluid intelligence.

KW - Bidirectional model

KW - Executive functions

KW - Fluid intelligence

KW - Preschool children

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85066784442&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85066784442&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.intell.2019.05.002

DO - 10.1016/j.intell.2019.05.002

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85066784442

VL - 75

SP - 111

EP - 121

JO - Intelligence

JF - Intelligence

SN - 0160-2896

ER -