Exploration in the service of prospective control

Karen E. Adolph, Marion A. Eppler, Ludo Marin, Idell B. Weise, Melissa Wechsler Clearfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We propose a sequential process of exploration that can account for perception-action coupling in infant locomotion. Each phase in the sequence is a process of obtaining progressively more information leading to a motor decision - exploration from a distance, exploration via direct contact, and exploration of alternative means. Quick glances and prolonged looking from afar serve to alert the perceiver to important changes in the terrain. Intentional touching and testing alternative ways to traverse an obstacle are only prompted when prior information indicates a potential threat to balance. We further propose that depth information is privileged because it can be detected from a distance more readily than other surface properties such as rigidity and friction. Studies of infants walking down slopes and across "hole/patch" transitions illustrate the important role of exploration in prospective control of locomotion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)441-460
Number of pages20
JournalInfant Behavior and Development
Volume23
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Mar 4 2000

Fingerprint

Locomotion
Surface Properties
Friction
Walking

Keywords

  • Depth
  • Exploratory activity
  • Locomotion
  • Prospective control
  • Sequential exploration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Adolph, K. E., Eppler, M. A., Marin, L., Weise, I. B., & Wechsler Clearfield, M. (2000). Exploration in the service of prospective control. Infant Behavior and Development, 23(3-4), 441-460.

Exploration in the service of prospective control. / Adolph, Karen E.; Eppler, Marion A.; Marin, Ludo; Weise, Idell B.; Wechsler Clearfield, Melissa.

In: Infant Behavior and Development, Vol. 23, No. 3-4, 04.03.2000, p. 441-460.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Adolph, KE, Eppler, MA, Marin, L, Weise, IB & Wechsler Clearfield, M 2000, 'Exploration in the service of prospective control', Infant Behavior and Development, vol. 23, no. 3-4, pp. 441-460.
Adolph KE, Eppler MA, Marin L, Weise IB, Wechsler Clearfield M. Exploration in the service of prospective control. Infant Behavior and Development. 2000 Mar 4;23(3-4):441-460.
Adolph, Karen E. ; Eppler, Marion A. ; Marin, Ludo ; Weise, Idell B. ; Wechsler Clearfield, Melissa. / Exploration in the service of prospective control. In: Infant Behavior and Development. 2000 ; Vol. 23, No. 3-4. pp. 441-460.
@article{c0eaed556dfe41a68f9e396db9bef8e6,
title = "Exploration in the service of prospective control",
abstract = "We propose a sequential process of exploration that can account for perception-action coupling in infant locomotion. Each phase in the sequence is a process of obtaining progressively more information leading to a motor decision - exploration from a distance, exploration via direct contact, and exploration of alternative means. Quick glances and prolonged looking from afar serve to alert the perceiver to important changes in the terrain. Intentional touching and testing alternative ways to traverse an obstacle are only prompted when prior information indicates a potential threat to balance. We further propose that depth information is privileged because it can be detected from a distance more readily than other surface properties such as rigidity and friction. Studies of infants walking down slopes and across {"}hole/patch{"} transitions illustrate the important role of exploration in prospective control of locomotion.",
keywords = "Depth, Exploratory activity, Locomotion, Prospective control, Sequential exploration",
author = "Adolph, {Karen E.} and Eppler, {Marion A.} and Ludo Marin and Weise, {Idell B.} and {Wechsler Clearfield}, Melissa",
year = "2000",
month = "3",
day = "4",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23",
pages = "441--460",
journal = "Infant Behavior and Development",
issn = "0163-6383",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "3-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exploration in the service of prospective control

AU - Adolph, Karen E.

AU - Eppler, Marion A.

AU - Marin, Ludo

AU - Weise, Idell B.

AU - Wechsler Clearfield, Melissa

PY - 2000/3/4

Y1 - 2000/3/4

N2 - We propose a sequential process of exploration that can account for perception-action coupling in infant locomotion. Each phase in the sequence is a process of obtaining progressively more information leading to a motor decision - exploration from a distance, exploration via direct contact, and exploration of alternative means. Quick glances and prolonged looking from afar serve to alert the perceiver to important changes in the terrain. Intentional touching and testing alternative ways to traverse an obstacle are only prompted when prior information indicates a potential threat to balance. We further propose that depth information is privileged because it can be detected from a distance more readily than other surface properties such as rigidity and friction. Studies of infants walking down slopes and across "hole/patch" transitions illustrate the important role of exploration in prospective control of locomotion.

AB - We propose a sequential process of exploration that can account for perception-action coupling in infant locomotion. Each phase in the sequence is a process of obtaining progressively more information leading to a motor decision - exploration from a distance, exploration via direct contact, and exploration of alternative means. Quick glances and prolonged looking from afar serve to alert the perceiver to important changes in the terrain. Intentional touching and testing alternative ways to traverse an obstacle are only prompted when prior information indicates a potential threat to balance. We further propose that depth information is privileged because it can be detected from a distance more readily than other surface properties such as rigidity and friction. Studies of infants walking down slopes and across "hole/patch" transitions illustrate the important role of exploration in prospective control of locomotion.

KW - Depth

KW - Exploratory activity

KW - Locomotion

KW - Prospective control

KW - Sequential exploration

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0042412605&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0042412605&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0042412605

VL - 23

SP - 441

EP - 460

JO - Infant Behavior and Development

JF - Infant Behavior and Development

SN - 0163-6383

IS - 3-4

ER -