Exogenous Attention Enables Perceptual Learning

Sarit F A Szpiro, Marisa Carrasco-Queijeiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Practice can improve visual perception, and these improvements are considered to be a form of brain plasticity. Training-induced learning is time-consuming and requires hundreds of trials across multiple days. The process of learning acquisition is understudied. Can learning acquisition be potentiated by manipulating visual attentional cues? We developed a protocol in which we used task-irrelevant cues for between-groups manipulation of attention during training. We found that training with exogenous attention can enable the acquisition of learning. Remarkably, this learning was maintained even when observers were subsequently tested under neutral conditions, which indicates that a change in perception was involved. Our study is the first to isolate the effects of exogenous attention and to demonstrate its efficacy to enable learning. We propose that exogenous attention boosts perceptual learning by enhancing stimulus encoding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1854-1862
Number of pages9
JournalPsychological Science
Volume26
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Fingerprint

Learning
Cues
Visual Perception
Brain

Keywords

  • attention
  • learning
  • perception
  • vision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Szpiro, S. F. A., & Carrasco-Queijeiro, M. (2015). Exogenous Attention Enables Perceptual Learning. Psychological Science, 26(12), 1854-1862. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797615598976

Exogenous Attention Enables Perceptual Learning. / Szpiro, Sarit F A; Carrasco-Queijeiro, Marisa.

In: Psychological Science, Vol. 26, No. 12, 01.12.2015, p. 1854-1862.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Szpiro, SFA & Carrasco-Queijeiro, M 2015, 'Exogenous Attention Enables Perceptual Learning', Psychological Science, vol. 26, no. 12, pp. 1854-1862. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797615598976
Szpiro, Sarit F A ; Carrasco-Queijeiro, Marisa. / Exogenous Attention Enables Perceptual Learning. In: Psychological Science. 2015 ; Vol. 26, No. 12. pp. 1854-1862.
@article{a7a6a48161c94c28931ecf7d5d6629ca,
title = "Exogenous Attention Enables Perceptual Learning",
abstract = "Practice can improve visual perception, and these improvements are considered to be a form of brain plasticity. Training-induced learning is time-consuming and requires hundreds of trials across multiple days. The process of learning acquisition is understudied. Can learning acquisition be potentiated by manipulating visual attentional cues? We developed a protocol in which we used task-irrelevant cues for between-groups manipulation of attention during training. We found that training with exogenous attention can enable the acquisition of learning. Remarkably, this learning was maintained even when observers were subsequently tested under neutral conditions, which indicates that a change in perception was involved. Our study is the first to isolate the effects of exogenous attention and to demonstrate its efficacy to enable learning. We propose that exogenous attention boosts perceptual learning by enhancing stimulus encoding.",
keywords = "attention, learning, perception, vision",
author = "Szpiro, {Sarit F A} and Marisa Carrasco-Queijeiro",
year = "2015",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0956797615598976",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "26",
pages = "1854--1862",
journal = "Psychological Science",
issn = "0956-7976",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exogenous Attention Enables Perceptual Learning

AU - Szpiro, Sarit F A

AU - Carrasco-Queijeiro, Marisa

PY - 2015/12/1

Y1 - 2015/12/1

N2 - Practice can improve visual perception, and these improvements are considered to be a form of brain plasticity. Training-induced learning is time-consuming and requires hundreds of trials across multiple days. The process of learning acquisition is understudied. Can learning acquisition be potentiated by manipulating visual attentional cues? We developed a protocol in which we used task-irrelevant cues for between-groups manipulation of attention during training. We found that training with exogenous attention can enable the acquisition of learning. Remarkably, this learning was maintained even when observers were subsequently tested under neutral conditions, which indicates that a change in perception was involved. Our study is the first to isolate the effects of exogenous attention and to demonstrate its efficacy to enable learning. We propose that exogenous attention boosts perceptual learning by enhancing stimulus encoding.

AB - Practice can improve visual perception, and these improvements are considered to be a form of brain plasticity. Training-induced learning is time-consuming and requires hundreds of trials across multiple days. The process of learning acquisition is understudied. Can learning acquisition be potentiated by manipulating visual attentional cues? We developed a protocol in which we used task-irrelevant cues for between-groups manipulation of attention during training. We found that training with exogenous attention can enable the acquisition of learning. Remarkably, this learning was maintained even when observers were subsequently tested under neutral conditions, which indicates that a change in perception was involved. Our study is the first to isolate the effects of exogenous attention and to demonstrate its efficacy to enable learning. We propose that exogenous attention boosts perceptual learning by enhancing stimulus encoding.

KW - attention

KW - learning

KW - perception

KW - vision

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84950257102&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84950257102&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0956797615598976

DO - 10.1177/0956797615598976

M3 - Article

C2 - 26502745

AN - SCOPUS:84950257102

VL - 26

SP - 1854

EP - 1862

JO - Psychological Science

JF - Psychological Science

SN - 0956-7976

IS - 12

ER -