Exclusion of leptophilic dark matter models using XENON100 electronic recoil data

E. Aprile, F. Agostini, M. Alfonsi, L. Arazi, K. Arisaka, Francesco Arneodo, M. Auger, C. Balan, P. Barrow, L. Baudis, B. Bauermeister, A. Behrens, A. Brown, E. Brown, S. Bruenner, G. Bruno, R. Budnik, L. Bütikofer, J. M.R. Cardoso, M. CervantesD. Coderre, A. P. Colijn, H. Contreras, J. P. Cussonneau, M. P. Decowski, A. Di Giovanni, E. Duchovni, S. Fattori, A. D. Ferella, A. Fieguth, W. Fulgione, F. Gao, M. Garbini, C. Geis, L. W. Goetzke, C. Grignon, E. Gross, W. Hampel, R. Itay, F. Kaether, B. Kaminsky, G. Kessler, A. Kish, H. Landsman, R. F. Lang, M. Le Calloch, D. Lellouch, L. Levinson, C. Levy, S. Lindemann, M. Lindner, J. A.M. Lopes, A. Lyashenko, S. Macmullin, T. Marrodán Undagoitia, J. Masbou, F. V. Massoli, D. Mayani, A. J. Melgarejo Fernandez, Y. Meng, M. Messina, B. Miguez, A. Molinario, G. Morana, M. Murra, J. Naganoma, K. Ni, U. Oberlack, S. E.A. Orrigo, P. Pakarha, E. Pantic, R. Persiani, F. Piastra, J. Pienaar, G. Plante, N. Priel, L. Rauch, S. Reichard, C. Reuter, A. Rizzo, S. Rosendahl, J. M.F. dos Santos, G. Sartorelli, S. Schindler, J. Schreiner, M. Schumann, L. Scotto Lavina, M. Selvi, P. Shagin, H. Simgen, A. Teymourian, D. Thers, A. Tiseni, G. Trinchero, C. Tunnell, O. Vitells, R. Wall, H. Wang, M. Weber, C. Weinheimer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Laboratory experiments searching for galactic dark matter particles scattering off nuclei have so far not been able to establish a discovery. We use data from the XENON100 experiment to search for dark matter interacting with electrons. With no evidence for a signal above the low background of our experiment, we exclude a variety of representative dark matter models that would induce electronic recoils. For axial-vector couplings to electrons, we exclude cross sections above 6 × 10-35 cm2 for particle masses of mχ = 2 GeV/c2. Independent of the dark matter halo, we exclude leptophilic models as an explanation for the long-standing DAMA/LIBRA signal, such as couplings to electrons through axial-vector interactions at a 4.4σ confidence level, mirror dark matter at 3.6σ, and luminous dark matter at 4.6σ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)851-854
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume349
Issue number6250
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 21 2015

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exclusion
dark matter
electronics
demand assignment multiple access
electrons
particle mass
confidence
halos
mirrors
nuclei
cross sections
scattering
interactions

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Aprile, E., Agostini, F., Alfonsi, M., Arazi, L., Arisaka, K., Arneodo, F., ... Weinheimer, C. (2015). Exclusion of leptophilic dark matter models using XENON100 electronic recoil data. Science, 349(6250), 851-854. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aab2069

Exclusion of leptophilic dark matter models using XENON100 electronic recoil data. / Aprile, E.; Agostini, F.; Alfonsi, M.; Arazi, L.; Arisaka, K.; Arneodo, Francesco; Auger, M.; Balan, C.; Barrow, P.; Baudis, L.; Bauermeister, B.; Behrens, A.; Brown, A.; Brown, E.; Bruenner, S.; Bruno, G.; Budnik, R.; Bütikofer, L.; Cardoso, J. M.R.; Cervantes, M.; Coderre, D.; Colijn, A. P.; Contreras, H.; Cussonneau, J. P.; Decowski, M. P.; Di Giovanni, A.; Duchovni, E.; Fattori, S.; Ferella, A. D.; Fieguth, A.; Fulgione, W.; Gao, F.; Garbini, M.; Geis, C.; Goetzke, L. W.; Grignon, C.; Gross, E.; Hampel, W.; Itay, R.; Kaether, F.; Kaminsky, B.; Kessler, G.; Kish, A.; Landsman, H.; Lang, R. F.; Le Calloch, M.; Lellouch, D.; Levinson, L.; Levy, C.; Lindemann, S.; Lindner, M.; Lopes, J. A.M.; Lyashenko, A.; Macmullin, S.; Marrodán Undagoitia, T.; Masbou, J.; Massoli, F. V.; Mayani, D.; Melgarejo Fernandez, A. J.; Meng, Y.; Messina, M.; Miguez, B.; Molinario, A.; Morana, G.; Murra, M.; Naganoma, J.; Ni, K.; Oberlack, U.; Orrigo, S. E.A.; Pakarha, P.; Pantic, E.; Persiani, R.; Piastra, F.; Pienaar, J.; Plante, G.; Priel, N.; Rauch, L.; Reichard, S.; Reuter, C.; Rizzo, A.; Rosendahl, S.; dos Santos, J. M.F.; Sartorelli, G.; Schindler, S.; Schreiner, J.; Schumann, M.; Scotto Lavina, L.; Selvi, M.; Shagin, P.; Simgen, H.; Teymourian, A.; Thers, D.; Tiseni, A.; Trinchero, G.; Tunnell, C.; Vitells, O.; Wall, R.; Wang, H.; Weber, M.; Weinheimer, C.

In: Science, Vol. 349, No. 6250, 21.08.2015, p. 851-854.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aprile, E, Agostini, F, Alfonsi, M, Arazi, L, Arisaka, K, Arneodo, F, Auger, M, Balan, C, Barrow, P, Baudis, L, Bauermeister, B, Behrens, A, Brown, A, Brown, E, Bruenner, S, Bruno, G, Budnik, R, Bütikofer, L, Cardoso, JMR, Cervantes, M, Coderre, D, Colijn, AP, Contreras, H, Cussonneau, JP, Decowski, MP, Di Giovanni, A, Duchovni, E, Fattori, S, Ferella, AD, Fieguth, A, Fulgione, W, Gao, F, Garbini, M, Geis, C, Goetzke, LW, Grignon, C, Gross, E, Hampel, W, Itay, R, Kaether, F, Kaminsky, B, Kessler, G, Kish, A, Landsman, H, Lang, RF, Le Calloch, M, Lellouch, D, Levinson, L, Levy, C, Lindemann, S, Lindner, M, Lopes, JAM, Lyashenko, A, Macmullin, S, Marrodán Undagoitia, T, Masbou, J, Massoli, FV, Mayani, D, Melgarejo Fernandez, AJ, Meng, Y, Messina, M, Miguez, B, Molinario, A, Morana, G, Murra, M, Naganoma, J, Ni, K, Oberlack, U, Orrigo, SEA, Pakarha, P, Pantic, E, Persiani, R, Piastra, F, Pienaar, J, Plante, G, Priel, N, Rauch, L, Reichard, S, Reuter, C, Rizzo, A, Rosendahl, S, dos Santos, JMF, Sartorelli, G, Schindler, S, Schreiner, J, Schumann, M, Scotto Lavina, L, Selvi, M, Shagin, P, Simgen, H, Teymourian, A, Thers, D, Tiseni, A, Trinchero, G, Tunnell, C, Vitells, O, Wall, R, Wang, H, Weber, M & Weinheimer, C 2015, 'Exclusion of leptophilic dark matter models using XENON100 electronic recoil data', Science, vol. 349, no. 6250, pp. 851-854. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aab2069
Aprile E, Agostini F, Alfonsi M, Arazi L, Arisaka K, Arneodo F et al. Exclusion of leptophilic dark matter models using XENON100 electronic recoil data. Science. 2015 Aug 21;349(6250):851-854. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aab2069
Aprile, E. ; Agostini, F. ; Alfonsi, M. ; Arazi, L. ; Arisaka, K. ; Arneodo, Francesco ; Auger, M. ; Balan, C. ; Barrow, P. ; Baudis, L. ; Bauermeister, B. ; Behrens, A. ; Brown, A. ; Brown, E. ; Bruenner, S. ; Bruno, G. ; Budnik, R. ; Bütikofer, L. ; Cardoso, J. M.R. ; Cervantes, M. ; Coderre, D. ; Colijn, A. P. ; Contreras, H. ; Cussonneau, J. P. ; Decowski, M. P. ; Di Giovanni, A. ; Duchovni, E. ; Fattori, S. ; Ferella, A. D. ; Fieguth, A. ; Fulgione, W. ; Gao, F. ; Garbini, M. ; Geis, C. ; Goetzke, L. W. ; Grignon, C. ; Gross, E. ; Hampel, W. ; Itay, R. ; Kaether, F. ; Kaminsky, B. ; Kessler, G. ; Kish, A. ; Landsman, H. ; Lang, R. F. ; Le Calloch, M. ; Lellouch, D. ; Levinson, L. ; Levy, C. ; Lindemann, S. ; Lindner, M. ; Lopes, J. A.M. ; Lyashenko, A. ; Macmullin, S. ; Marrodán Undagoitia, T. ; Masbou, J. ; Massoli, F. V. ; Mayani, D. ; Melgarejo Fernandez, A. J. ; Meng, Y. ; Messina, M. ; Miguez, B. ; Molinario, A. ; Morana, G. ; Murra, M. ; Naganoma, J. ; Ni, K. ; Oberlack, U. ; Orrigo, S. E.A. ; Pakarha, P. ; Pantic, E. ; Persiani, R. ; Piastra, F. ; Pienaar, J. ; Plante, G. ; Priel, N. ; Rauch, L. ; Reichard, S. ; Reuter, C. ; Rizzo, A. ; Rosendahl, S. ; dos Santos, J. M.F. ; Sartorelli, G. ; Schindler, S. ; Schreiner, J. ; Schumann, M. ; Scotto Lavina, L. ; Selvi, M. ; Shagin, P. ; Simgen, H. ; Teymourian, A. ; Thers, D. ; Tiseni, A. ; Trinchero, G. ; Tunnell, C. ; Vitells, O. ; Wall, R. ; Wang, H. ; Weber, M. ; Weinheimer, C. / Exclusion of leptophilic dark matter models using XENON100 electronic recoil data. In: Science. 2015 ; Vol. 349, No. 6250. pp. 851-854.
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abstract = "Laboratory experiments searching for galactic dark matter particles scattering off nuclei have so far not been able to establish a discovery. We use data from the XENON100 experiment to search for dark matter interacting with electrons. With no evidence for a signal above the low background of our experiment, we exclude a variety of representative dark matter models that would induce electronic recoils. For axial-vector couplings to electrons, we exclude cross sections above 6 × 10-35 cm2 for particle masses of mχ = 2 GeV/c2. Independent of the dark matter halo, we exclude leptophilic models as an explanation for the long-standing DAMA/LIBRA signal, such as couplings to electrons through axial-vector interactions at a 4.4σ confidence level, mirror dark matter at 3.6σ, and luminous dark matter at 4.6σ.",
author = "E. Aprile and F. Agostini and M. Alfonsi and L. Arazi and K. Arisaka and Francesco Arneodo and M. Auger and C. Balan and P. Barrow and L. Baudis and B. Bauermeister and A. Behrens and A. Brown and E. Brown and S. Bruenner and G. Bruno and R. Budnik and L. B{\"u}tikofer and Cardoso, {J. M.R.} and M. Cervantes and D. Coderre and Colijn, {A. P.} and H. Contreras and Cussonneau, {J. P.} and Decowski, {M. P.} and {Di Giovanni}, A. and E. Duchovni and S. Fattori and Ferella, {A. D.} and A. Fieguth and W. Fulgione and F. Gao and M. Garbini and C. Geis and Goetzke, {L. W.} and C. Grignon and E. Gross and W. Hampel and R. Itay and F. Kaether and B. Kaminsky and G. Kessler and A. Kish and H. Landsman and Lang, {R. F.} and {Le Calloch}, M. and D. Lellouch and L. Levinson and C. Levy and S. Lindemann and M. Lindner and Lopes, {J. A.M.} and A. Lyashenko and S. Macmullin and {Marrod{\'a}n Undagoitia}, T. and J. Masbou and Massoli, {F. V.} and D. Mayani and {Melgarejo Fernandez}, {A. J.} and Y. Meng and M. Messina and B. Miguez and A. Molinario and G. Morana and M. Murra and J. Naganoma and K. Ni and U. Oberlack and Orrigo, {S. E.A.} and P. Pakarha and E. Pantic and R. Persiani and F. Piastra and J. Pienaar and G. Plante and N. Priel and L. Rauch and S. Reichard and C. Reuter and A. Rizzo and S. Rosendahl and {dos Santos}, {J. M.F.} and G. Sartorelli and S. Schindler and J. Schreiner and M. Schumann and {Scotto Lavina}, L. and M. Selvi and P. Shagin and H. Simgen and A. Teymourian and D. Thers and A. Tiseni and G. Trinchero and C. Tunnell and O. Vitells and R. Wall and H. Wang and M. Weber and C. Weinheimer",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Exclusion of leptophilic dark matter models using XENON100 electronic recoil data

AU - Aprile, E.

AU - Agostini, F.

AU - Alfonsi, M.

AU - Arazi, L.

AU - Arisaka, K.

AU - Arneodo, Francesco

AU - Auger, M.

AU - Balan, C.

AU - Barrow, P.

AU - Baudis, L.

AU - Bauermeister, B.

AU - Behrens, A.

AU - Brown, A.

AU - Brown, E.

AU - Bruenner, S.

AU - Bruno, G.

AU - Budnik, R.

AU - Bütikofer, L.

AU - Cardoso, J. M.R.

AU - Cervantes, M.

AU - Coderre, D.

AU - Colijn, A. P.

AU - Contreras, H.

AU - Cussonneau, J. P.

AU - Decowski, M. P.

AU - Di Giovanni, A.

AU - Duchovni, E.

AU - Fattori, S.

AU - Ferella, A. D.

AU - Fieguth, A.

AU - Fulgione, W.

AU - Gao, F.

AU - Garbini, M.

AU - Geis, C.

AU - Goetzke, L. W.

AU - Grignon, C.

AU - Gross, E.

AU - Hampel, W.

AU - Itay, R.

AU - Kaether, F.

AU - Kaminsky, B.

AU - Kessler, G.

AU - Kish, A.

AU - Landsman, H.

AU - Lang, R. F.

AU - Le Calloch, M.

AU - Lellouch, D.

AU - Levinson, L.

AU - Levy, C.

AU - Lindemann, S.

AU - Lindner, M.

AU - Lopes, J. A.M.

AU - Lyashenko, A.

AU - Macmullin, S.

AU - Marrodán Undagoitia, T.

AU - Masbou, J.

AU - Massoli, F. V.

AU - Mayani, D.

AU - Melgarejo Fernandez, A. J.

AU - Meng, Y.

AU - Messina, M.

AU - Miguez, B.

AU - Molinario, A.

AU - Morana, G.

AU - Murra, M.

AU - Naganoma, J.

AU - Ni, K.

AU - Oberlack, U.

AU - Orrigo, S. E.A.

AU - Pakarha, P.

AU - Pantic, E.

AU - Persiani, R.

AU - Piastra, F.

AU - Pienaar, J.

AU - Plante, G.

AU - Priel, N.

AU - Rauch, L.

AU - Reichard, S.

AU - Reuter, C.

AU - Rizzo, A.

AU - Rosendahl, S.

AU - dos Santos, J. M.F.

AU - Sartorelli, G.

AU - Schindler, S.

AU - Schreiner, J.

AU - Schumann, M.

AU - Scotto Lavina, L.

AU - Selvi, M.

AU - Shagin, P.

AU - Simgen, H.

AU - Teymourian, A.

AU - Thers, D.

AU - Tiseni, A.

AU - Trinchero, G.

AU - Tunnell, C.

AU - Vitells, O.

AU - Wall, R.

AU - Wang, H.

AU - Weber, M.

AU - Weinheimer, C.

PY - 2015/8/21

Y1 - 2015/8/21

N2 - Laboratory experiments searching for galactic dark matter particles scattering off nuclei have so far not been able to establish a discovery. We use data from the XENON100 experiment to search for dark matter interacting with electrons. With no evidence for a signal above the low background of our experiment, we exclude a variety of representative dark matter models that would induce electronic recoils. For axial-vector couplings to electrons, we exclude cross sections above 6 × 10-35 cm2 for particle masses of mχ = 2 GeV/c2. Independent of the dark matter halo, we exclude leptophilic models as an explanation for the long-standing DAMA/LIBRA signal, such as couplings to electrons through axial-vector interactions at a 4.4σ confidence level, mirror dark matter at 3.6σ, and luminous dark matter at 4.6σ.

AB - Laboratory experiments searching for galactic dark matter particles scattering off nuclei have so far not been able to establish a discovery. We use data from the XENON100 experiment to search for dark matter interacting with electrons. With no evidence for a signal above the low background of our experiment, we exclude a variety of representative dark matter models that would induce electronic recoils. For axial-vector couplings to electrons, we exclude cross sections above 6 × 10-35 cm2 for particle masses of mχ = 2 GeV/c2. Independent of the dark matter halo, we exclude leptophilic models as an explanation for the long-standing DAMA/LIBRA signal, such as couplings to electrons through axial-vector interactions at a 4.4σ confidence level, mirror dark matter at 3.6σ, and luminous dark matter at 4.6σ.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84939863146&partnerID=8YFLogxK

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U2 - 10.1126/science.aab2069

DO - 10.1126/science.aab2069

M3 - Article

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EP - 854

JO - Science

JF - Science

SN - 0036-8075

IS - 6250

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