Evidence of a differential effect of ability grouping on the reading achievement growth of language-minority hispanics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Ability grouping is sometimes thought to exacerbate inequality by increasing achievement gaps; however, ability grouping may in fact benefit a fast growing and often marginalized student population: children from non-English-speaking home environments. The level-appropriate, small-group instruction received in reading ability groups may be particularly beneficial to these language-minority children, who are not regularly exposed to English at home. Focusing on Hispanics, who make up the majority of language-minority students, the author examined this hypothesis through difference-in-differences estimation techniques in a hierarchical linear model framework. Ability grouping in reading during kindergarten was significantly associated with greater benefits for language-minority Hispanic students retotive to other students. However, this benefit faded during the summer and first grade, unless grouping continued in first grade. These findings are robust to alternative specifications and suggest that differentiated instructional strategies upon school entry may be an effective, relatively low cost tool to combat the achievement gap faced by a fast growing segment of students.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-180
Number of pages40
JournalEducational Evaluation and Policy Analysis
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2008

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grouping
minority
ability
language
evidence
student
school grade
small group instruction
estimation procedure
linear model
kindergarten
speaking
costs
school
Group

Keywords

  • Ability grouping
  • Achievement gap
  • Differential effects
  • Hispanic students
  • Language-minority students
  • Multilevel models
  • Resource allocation
  • Teacher characteristics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

Cite this

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title = "Evidence of a differential effect of ability grouping on the reading achievement growth of language-minority hispanics",
abstract = "Ability grouping is sometimes thought to exacerbate inequality by increasing achievement gaps; however, ability grouping may in fact benefit a fast growing and often marginalized student population: children from non-English-speaking home environments. The level-appropriate, small-group instruction received in reading ability groups may be particularly beneficial to these language-minority children, who are not regularly exposed to English at home. Focusing on Hispanics, who make up the majority of language-minority students, the author examined this hypothesis through difference-in-differences estimation techniques in a hierarchical linear model framework. Ability grouping in reading during kindergarten was significantly associated with greater benefits for language-minority Hispanic students retotive to other students. However, this benefit faded during the summer and first grade, unless grouping continued in first grade. These findings are robust to alternative specifications and suggest that differentiated instructional strategies upon school entry may be an effective, relatively low cost tool to combat the achievement gap faced by a fast growing segment of students.",
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