Evidence for high-energy extraterrestrial neutrinos at the icecube detector

M. G. Aartsen, R. Abbasi, Y. Abdou, M. Ackermann, J. Adams, J. A. Aguilar, M. Ahlers, D. Altmann, J. Auffenberg, X. Bai, M. Baker, S. W. Barwick, V. Baum, R. Bay, J. J. Beatty, S. Bechet, J. Becker Tjus, K. H. Becker, Mohamed Lotfi Benabderrhmane, S. BenZviP. Berghaus, D. Berley, E. Bernardini, A. Bernhard, D. Bertrand, D. Z. Besson, G. Binder, D. Bindig, M. Bissok, E. Blaufuss, J. Blumenthal, D. J. Boersma, S. Bohaichuk, C. Bohm, D. Bose, S. Böser, O. Botner, L. Brayeur, H. P. Bretz, A. M. Brown, R. Bruijn, J. Brunner, M. Carson, J. Casey, M. Casier, D. Chirkin, A. Christov, B. Christy, K. Clark, F. Clevermann, S. Coenders, S. Cohen, D. F. Cowen, A. H. Cruz Silva, M. Danninger, J. Daughhetee, J. C. Davis, M. Day, C. De Clercq, S. De Ridder, P. Desiati, K. D. De Vries, M. De With, T. DeYoung, J. C. Díaz-Vélez, M. Dunkman, R. Eagan, B. Eberhardt, B. Eichmann, J. Eisch, R. W. Ellsworth, S. Euler, P. A. Evenson, O. Fadiran, A. R. Fazely, A. Fedynitch, J. Feintzeig, T. Feusels, K. Filimonov, C. Finley, T. Fischer-Wasels, S. Flis, A. Franckowiak, K. Frantzen, T. Fuchs, T. K. Gaisser, J. Gallagher, L. Gerhardt, L. Gladstone, T. Glüsenkamp, A. Goldschmidt, G. Golup, J. G. Gonzalez, J. A. Goodman, D. Góra, D. T. Grandmont, D. Grant, A. Groß, C. Ha, A. Haj Ismail, P. Hallen, A. Hallgren, F. Halzen, K. Hanson, D. Heereman, D. Heinen, K. Helbing, R. Hellauer, S. Hickford, G. C. Hill, K. D. Hoffman, R. Hoffmann, A. Homeier, K. Hoshina, W. Huelsnitz, P. O. Hulth, K. Hultqvist, S. Hussain, A. Ishihara, E. Jacobi, J. Jacobsen, K. Jagielski, G. S. Japaridze, K. Jero, O. Jlelati, B. Kaminsky, A. Kappes, T. Karg, A. Karle, J. L. Kelley, J. Kiryluk, J. Kläs, S. R. Klein, J. H. Köhne, G. Kohnen, H. Kolanoski, L. Köpke, C. Kopper, S. Kopper, D. J. Koskinen, M. Kowalski, M. Krasberg, K. Krings, G. Kroll, J. Kunnen, N. Kurahashi, T. Kuwabara, M. Labare, H. Landsman, M. J. Larson, M. Lesiak-Bzdak, M. Leuermann, J. Leute, J. Lünemann, J. Madsen, G. Maggi, R. Maruyama, K. Mase, H. S. Matis, F. McNally, K. Meagher, M. Merck, T. Meures, S. Miarecki, E. Middell, N. Milke, J. Miller, L. Mohrmann, T. Montaruli, R. Morse, R. Nahnhauer, U. Naumann, H. Niederhausen, S. C. Nowicki, D. R. Nygren, A. Obertacke, S. Odrowski, A. Olivas, A. O'Murchadha, L. Paul, J. A. Pepper, C. De Pérez Los Heros, C. Pfendner, D. Pieloth, E. Pinat, J. Posselt, P. B. Price, G. T. Przybylski, L. Rädel, M. Rameez, K. Rawlins, P. Redl, R. Reimann, E. Resconi, W. Rhode, M. Ribordy, M. Richman, B. Riedel, J. P. Rodrigues, C. Rott, T. Ruhe, B. Ruzybayev, D. Ryckbosch, S. M. Saba, T. Salameh, H. G. Sander, M. Santander, S. Sarkar, K. Schatto, F. Scheriau, T. Schmidt, M. Schmitz, S. Schoenen, S. Schöneberg, A. Schönwald, A. Schukraft, L. Schulte, O. Schulz, D. Seckel, Y. Sestayo, S. Seunarine, R. Shanidze, C. Sheremata, M. W.E. Smith, D. Soldin, G. M. Spiczak, C. Spiering, M. Stamatikos, T. Stanev, A. Stasik, T. Stezelberger, R. G. Stokstad, A. Stößl, E. A. Strahler, R. Ström, G. W. Sullivan, H. Taavola, I. Taboada, A. Tamburro, A. Tepe, S. Ter-Antonyan, G. Tešić, S. Tilav, P. A. Toale, S. Toscano, E. Unger, M. Usner, N. Van Eijndhoven, A. Van Overloop, J. Van Santen, M. Vehring, M. Voge, M. Vraeghe, C. Walck, T. Waldenmaier, M. Wallraff, Ch Weaver, M. Wellons, C. Wendt, S. Westerhoff, N. Whitehorn, K. Wiebe, C. H. Wiebusch, D. R. Williams, H. Wissing, M. Wolf, T. R. Wood, K. Woschnagg, D. L. Xu, X. W. Xu, J. P. Yanez, G. Yodh, S. Yoshida, P. Zarzhitsky, J. Ziemann, S. Zierke, M. Zoll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report on results of an all-sky search for high-energy neutrino events interacting within the IceCube neutrino detector conducted between May 2010 and May 2012. The search follows up on the previous detection of two PeV neutrino events, with improved sensitivity and extended energy coverage down to about 30 TeV. Twenty-six additional events were observed, substantially more than expected from atmospheric backgrounds. Combined, both searches reject a purely atmospheric origin for the 28 events at the 4σ level. These 28 events, which include the highest energy neutrinos ever observed, have flavors, directions, and energies inconsistent with those expected from the atmospheric muon and neutrino backgrounds. These properties are, however, consistent with generic predictions for an additional component of extraterrestrial origin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1242856
JournalScience
Volume342
Issue number6161
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

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Aartsen, M. G., Abbasi, R., Abdou, Y., Ackermann, M., Adams, J., Aguilar, J. A., ... Zoll, M. (2013). Evidence for high-energy extraterrestrial neutrinos at the icecube detector. Science, 342(6161), [1242856]. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1242856

Evidence for high-energy extraterrestrial neutrinos at the icecube detector. / Aartsen, M. G.; Abbasi, R.; Abdou, Y.; Ackermann, M.; Adams, J.; Aguilar, J. A.; Ahlers, M.; Altmann, D.; Auffenberg, J.; Bai, X.; Baker, M.; Barwick, S. W.; Baum, V.; Bay, R.; Beatty, J. J.; Bechet, S.; Becker Tjus, J.; Becker, K. H.; Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed; BenZvi, S.; Berghaus, P.; Berley, D.; Bernardini, E.; Bernhard, A.; Bertrand, D.; Besson, D. Z.; Binder, G.; Bindig, D.; Bissok, M.; Blaufuss, E.; Blumenthal, J.; Boersma, D. J.; Bohaichuk, S.; Bohm, C.; Bose, D.; Böser, S.; Botner, O.; Brayeur, L.; Bretz, H. P.; Brown, A. M.; Bruijn, R.; Brunner, J.; Carson, M.; Casey, J.; Casier, M.; Chirkin, D.; Christov, A.; Christy, B.; Clark, K.; Clevermann, F.; Coenders, S.; Cohen, S.; Cowen, D. F.; Cruz Silva, A. H.; Danninger, M.; Daughhetee, J.; Davis, J. C.; Day, M.; De Clercq, C.; De Ridder, S.; Desiati, P.; De Vries, K. D.; De With, M.; DeYoung, T.; Díaz-Vélez, J. C.; Dunkman, M.; Eagan, R.; Eberhardt, B.; Eichmann, B.; Eisch, J.; Ellsworth, R. W.; Euler, S.; Evenson, P. A.; Fadiran, O.; Fazely, A. R.; Fedynitch, A.; Feintzeig, J.; Feusels, T.; Filimonov, K.; Finley, C.; Fischer-Wasels, T.; Flis, S.; Franckowiak, A.; Frantzen, K.; Fuchs, T.; Gaisser, T. K.; Gallagher, J.; Gerhardt, L.; Gladstone, L.; Glüsenkamp, T.; Goldschmidt, A.; Golup, G.; Gonzalez, J. G.; Goodman, J. A.; Góra, D.; Grandmont, D. T.; Grant, D.; Groß, A.; Ha, C.; Haj Ismail, A.; Hallen, P.; Hallgren, A.; Halzen, F.; Hanson, K.; Heereman, D.; Heinen, D.; Helbing, K.; Hellauer, R.; Hickford, S.; Hill, G. C.; Hoffman, K. D.; Hoffmann, R.; Homeier, A.; Hoshina, K.; Huelsnitz, W.; Hulth, P. O.; Hultqvist, K.; Hussain, S.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobi, E.; Jacobsen, J.; Jagielski, K.; Japaridze, G. S.; Jero, K.; Jlelati, O.; Kaminsky, B.; Kappes, A.; Karg, T.; Karle, A.; Kelley, J. L.; Kiryluk, J.; Kläs, J.; Klein, S. R.; Köhne, J. H.; Kohnen, G.; Kolanoski, H.; Köpke, L.; Kopper, C.; Kopper, S.; Koskinen, D. J.; Kowalski, M.; Krasberg, M.; Krings, K.; Kroll, G.; Kunnen, J.; Kurahashi, N.; Kuwabara, T.; Labare, M.; Landsman, H.; Larson, M. J.; Lesiak-Bzdak, M.; Leuermann, M.; Leute, J.; Lünemann, J.; Madsen, J.; Maggi, G.; Maruyama, R.; Mase, K.; Matis, H. S.; McNally, F.; Meagher, K.; Merck, M.; Meures, T.; Miarecki, S.; Middell, E.; Milke, N.; Miller, J.; Mohrmann, L.; Montaruli, T.; Morse, R.; Nahnhauer, R.; Naumann, U.; Niederhausen, H.; Nowicki, S. C.; Nygren, D. R.; Obertacke, A.; Odrowski, S.; Olivas, A.; O'Murchadha, A.; Paul, L.; Pepper, J. A.; De Pérez Los Heros, C.; Pfendner, C.; Pieloth, D.; Pinat, E.; Posselt, J.; Price, P. B.; Przybylski, G. T.; Rädel, L.; Rameez, M.; Rawlins, K.; Redl, P.; Reimann, R.; Resconi, E.; Rhode, W.; Ribordy, M.; Richman, M.; Riedel, B.; Rodrigues, J. P.; Rott, C.; Ruhe, T.; Ruzybayev, B.; Ryckbosch, D.; Saba, S. M.; Salameh, T.; Sander, H. G.; Santander, M.; Sarkar, S.; Schatto, K.; Scheriau, F.; Schmidt, T.; Schmitz, M.; Schoenen, S.; Schöneberg, S.; Schönwald, A.; Schukraft, A.; Schulte, L.; Schulz, O.; Seckel, D.; Sestayo, Y.; Seunarine, S.; Shanidze, R.; Sheremata, C.; Smith, M. W.E.; Soldin, D.; Spiczak, G. M.; Spiering, C.; Stamatikos, M.; Stanev, T.; Stasik, A.; Stezelberger, T.; Stokstad, R. G.; Stößl, A.; Strahler, E. A.; Ström, R.; Sullivan, G. W.; Taavola, H.; Taboada, I.; Tamburro, A.; Tepe, A.; Ter-Antonyan, S.; Tešić, G.; Tilav, S.; Toale, P. A.; Toscano, S.; Unger, E.; Usner, M.; Van Eijndhoven, N.; Van Overloop, A.; Van Santen, J.; Vehring, M.; Voge, M.; Vraeghe, M.; Walck, C.; Waldenmaier, T.; Wallraff, M.; Weaver, Ch; Wellons, M.; Wendt, C.; Westerhoff, S.; Whitehorn, N.; Wiebe, K.; Wiebusch, C. H.; Williams, D. R.; Wissing, H.; Wolf, M.; Wood, T. R.; Woschnagg, K.; Xu, D. L.; Xu, X. W.; Yanez, J. P.; Yodh, G.; Yoshida, S.; Zarzhitsky, P.; Ziemann, J.; Zierke, S.; Zoll, M.

In: Science, Vol. 342, No. 6161, 1242856, 01.01.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aartsen, MG, Abbasi, R, Abdou, Y, Ackermann, M, Adams, J, Aguilar, JA, Ahlers, M, Altmann, D, Auffenberg, J, Bai, X, Baker, M, Barwick, SW, Baum, V, Bay, R, Beatty, JJ, Bechet, S, Becker Tjus, J, Becker, KH, Lotfi Benabderrhmane, M, BenZvi, S, Berghaus, P, Berley, D, Bernardini, E, Bernhard, A, Bertrand, D, Besson, DZ, Binder, G, Bindig, D, Bissok, M, Blaufuss, E, Blumenthal, J, Boersma, DJ, Bohaichuk, S, Bohm, C, Bose, D, Böser, S, Botner, O, Brayeur, L, Bretz, HP, Brown, AM, Bruijn, R, Brunner, J, Carson, M, Casey, J, Casier, M, Chirkin, D, Christov, A, Christy, B, Clark, K, Clevermann, F, Coenders, S, Cohen, S, Cowen, DF, Cruz Silva, AH, Danninger, M, Daughhetee, J, Davis, JC, Day, M, De Clercq, C, De Ridder, S, Desiati, P, De Vries, KD, De With, M, DeYoung, T, Díaz-Vélez, JC, Dunkman, M, Eagan, R, Eberhardt, B, Eichmann, B, Eisch, J, Ellsworth, RW, Euler, S, Evenson, PA, Fadiran, O, Fazely, AR, Fedynitch, A, Feintzeig, J, Feusels, T, Filimonov, K, Finley, C, Fischer-Wasels, T, Flis, S, Franckowiak, A, Frantzen, K, Fuchs, T, Gaisser, TK, Gallagher, J, Gerhardt, L, Gladstone, L, Glüsenkamp, T, Goldschmidt, A, Golup, G, Gonzalez, JG, Goodman, JA, Góra, D, Grandmont, DT, Grant, D, Groß, A, Ha, C, Haj Ismail, A, Hallen, P, Hallgren, A, Halzen, F, Hanson, K, Heereman, D, Heinen, D, Helbing, K, Hellauer, R, Hickford, S, Hill, GC, Hoffman, KD, Hoffmann, R, Homeier, A, Hoshina, K, Huelsnitz, W, Hulth, PO, Hultqvist, K, Hussain, S, Ishihara, A, Jacobi, E, Jacobsen, J, Jagielski, K, Japaridze, GS, Jero, K, Jlelati, O, Kaminsky, B, Kappes, A, Karg, T, Karle, A, Kelley, JL, Kiryluk, J, Kläs, J, Klein, SR, Köhne, JH, Kohnen, G, Kolanoski, H, Köpke, L, Kopper, C, Kopper, S, Koskinen, DJ, Kowalski, M, Krasberg, M, Krings, K, Kroll, G, Kunnen, J, Kurahashi, N, Kuwabara, T, Labare, M, Landsman, H, Larson, MJ, Lesiak-Bzdak, M, Leuermann, M, Leute, J, Lünemann, J, Madsen, J, Maggi, G, Maruyama, R, Mase, K, Matis, HS, McNally, F, Meagher, K, Merck, M, Meures, T, Miarecki, S, Middell, E, Milke, N, Miller, J, Mohrmann, L, Montaruli, T, Morse, R, Nahnhauer, R, Naumann, U, Niederhausen, H, Nowicki, SC, Nygren, DR, Obertacke, A, Odrowski, S, Olivas, A, O'Murchadha, A, Paul, L, Pepper, JA, De Pérez Los Heros, C, Pfendner, C, Pieloth, D, Pinat, E, Posselt, J, Price, PB, Przybylski, GT, Rädel, L, Rameez, M, Rawlins, K, Redl, P, Reimann, R, Resconi, E, Rhode, W, Ribordy, M, Richman, M, Riedel, B, Rodrigues, JP, Rott, C, Ruhe, T, Ruzybayev, B, Ryckbosch, D, Saba, SM, Salameh, T, Sander, HG, Santander, M, Sarkar, S, Schatto, K, Scheriau, F, Schmidt, T, Schmitz, M, Schoenen, S, Schöneberg, S, Schönwald, A, Schukraft, A, Schulte, L, Schulz, O, Seckel, D, Sestayo, Y, Seunarine, S, Shanidze, R, Sheremata, C, Smith, MWE, Soldin, D, Spiczak, GM, Spiering, C, Stamatikos, M, Stanev, T, Stasik, A, Stezelberger, T, Stokstad, RG, Stößl, A, Strahler, EA, Ström, R, Sullivan, GW, Taavola, H, Taboada, I, Tamburro, A, Tepe, A, Ter-Antonyan, S, Tešić, G, Tilav, S, Toale, PA, Toscano, S, Unger, E, Usner, M, Van Eijndhoven, N, Van Overloop, A, Van Santen, J, Vehring, M, Voge, M, Vraeghe, M, Walck, C, Waldenmaier, T, Wallraff, M, Weaver, C, Wellons, M, Wendt, C, Westerhoff, S, Whitehorn, N, Wiebe, K, Wiebusch, CH, Williams, DR, Wissing, H, Wolf, M, Wood, TR, Woschnagg, K, Xu, DL, Xu, XW, Yanez, JP, Yodh, G, Yoshida, S, Zarzhitsky, P, Ziemann, J, Zierke, S & Zoll, M 2013, 'Evidence for high-energy extraterrestrial neutrinos at the icecube detector', Science, vol. 342, no. 6161, 1242856. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1242856
Aartsen MG, Abbasi R, Abdou Y, Ackermann M, Adams J, Aguilar JA et al. Evidence for high-energy extraterrestrial neutrinos at the icecube detector. Science. 2013 Jan 1;342(6161). 1242856. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1242856
Aartsen, M. G. ; Abbasi, R. ; Abdou, Y. ; Ackermann, M. ; Adams, J. ; Aguilar, J. A. ; Ahlers, M. ; Altmann, D. ; Auffenberg, J. ; Bai, X. ; Baker, M. ; Barwick, S. W. ; Baum, V. ; Bay, R. ; Beatty, J. J. ; Bechet, S. ; Becker Tjus, J. ; Becker, K. H. ; Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed ; BenZvi, S. ; Berghaus, P. ; Berley, D. ; Bernardini, E. ; Bernhard, A. ; Bertrand, D. ; Besson, D. Z. ; Binder, G. ; Bindig, D. ; Bissok, M. ; Blaufuss, E. ; Blumenthal, J. ; Boersma, D. J. ; Bohaichuk, S. ; Bohm, C. ; Bose, D. ; Böser, S. ; Botner, O. ; Brayeur, L. ; Bretz, H. P. ; Brown, A. M. ; Bruijn, R. ; Brunner, J. ; Carson, M. ; Casey, J. ; Casier, M. ; Chirkin, D. ; Christov, A. ; Christy, B. ; Clark, K. ; Clevermann, F. ; Coenders, S. ; Cohen, S. ; Cowen, D. F. ; Cruz Silva, A. H. ; Danninger, M. ; Daughhetee, J. ; Davis, J. C. ; Day, M. ; De Clercq, C. ; De Ridder, S. ; Desiati, P. ; De Vries, K. D. ; De With, M. ; DeYoung, T. ; Díaz-Vélez, J. C. ; Dunkman, M. ; Eagan, R. ; Eberhardt, B. ; Eichmann, B. ; Eisch, J. ; Ellsworth, R. W. ; Euler, S. ; Evenson, P. A. ; Fadiran, O. ; Fazely, A. R. ; Fedynitch, A. ; Feintzeig, J. ; Feusels, T. ; Filimonov, K. ; Finley, C. ; Fischer-Wasels, T. ; Flis, S. ; Franckowiak, A. ; Frantzen, K. ; Fuchs, T. ; Gaisser, T. K. ; Gallagher, J. ; Gerhardt, L. ; Gladstone, L. ; Glüsenkamp, T. ; Goldschmidt, A. ; Golup, G. ; Gonzalez, J. G. ; Goodman, J. A. ; Góra, D. ; Grandmont, D. T. ; Grant, D. ; Groß, A. ; Ha, C. ; Haj Ismail, A. ; Hallen, P. ; Hallgren, A. ; Halzen, F. ; Hanson, K. ; Heereman, D. ; Heinen, D. ; Helbing, K. ; Hellauer, R. ; Hickford, S. ; Hill, G. C. ; Hoffman, K. D. ; Hoffmann, R. ; Homeier, A. ; Hoshina, K. ; Huelsnitz, W. ; Hulth, P. O. ; Hultqvist, K. ; Hussain, S. ; Ishihara, A. ; Jacobi, E. ; Jacobsen, J. ; Jagielski, K. ; Japaridze, G. S. ; Jero, K. ; Jlelati, O. ; Kaminsky, B. ; Kappes, A. ; Karg, T. ; Karle, A. ; Kelley, J. L. ; Kiryluk, J. ; Kläs, J. ; Klein, S. R. ; Köhne, J. H. ; Kohnen, G. ; Kolanoski, H. ; Köpke, L. ; Kopper, C. ; Kopper, S. ; Koskinen, D. J. ; Kowalski, M. ; Krasberg, M. ; Krings, K. ; Kroll, G. ; Kunnen, J. ; Kurahashi, N. ; Kuwabara, T. ; Labare, M. ; Landsman, H. ; Larson, M. J. ; Lesiak-Bzdak, M. ; Leuermann, M. ; Leute, J. ; Lünemann, J. ; Madsen, J. ; Maggi, G. ; Maruyama, R. ; Mase, K. ; Matis, H. S. ; McNally, F. ; Meagher, K. ; Merck, M. ; Meures, T. ; Miarecki, S. ; Middell, E. ; Milke, N. ; Miller, J. ; Mohrmann, L. ; Montaruli, T. ; Morse, R. ; Nahnhauer, R. ; Naumann, U. ; Niederhausen, H. ; Nowicki, S. C. ; Nygren, D. R. ; Obertacke, A. ; Odrowski, S. ; Olivas, A. ; O'Murchadha, A. ; Paul, L. ; Pepper, J. A. ; De Pérez Los Heros, C. ; Pfendner, C. ; Pieloth, D. ; Pinat, E. ; Posselt, J. ; Price, P. B. ; Przybylski, G. T. ; Rädel, L. ; Rameez, M. ; Rawlins, K. ; Redl, P. ; Reimann, R. ; Resconi, E. ; Rhode, W. ; Ribordy, M. ; Richman, M. ; Riedel, B. ; Rodrigues, J. P. ; Rott, C. ; Ruhe, T. ; Ruzybayev, B. ; Ryckbosch, D. ; Saba, S. M. ; Salameh, T. ; Sander, H. G. ; Santander, M. ; Sarkar, S. ; Schatto, K. ; Scheriau, F. ; Schmidt, T. ; Schmitz, M. ; Schoenen, S. ; Schöneberg, S. ; Schönwald, A. ; Schukraft, A. ; Schulte, L. ; Schulz, O. ; Seckel, D. ; Sestayo, Y. ; Seunarine, S. ; Shanidze, R. ; Sheremata, C. ; Smith, M. W.E. ; Soldin, D. ; Spiczak, G. M. ; Spiering, C. ; Stamatikos, M. ; Stanev, T. ; Stasik, A. ; Stezelberger, T. ; Stokstad, R. G. ; Stößl, A. ; Strahler, E. A. ; Ström, R. ; Sullivan, G. W. ; Taavola, H. ; Taboada, I. ; Tamburro, A. ; Tepe, A. ; Ter-Antonyan, S. ; Tešić, G. ; Tilav, S. ; Toale, P. A. ; Toscano, S. ; Unger, E. ; Usner, M. ; Van Eijndhoven, N. ; Van Overloop, A. ; Van Santen, J. ; Vehring, M. ; Voge, M. ; Vraeghe, M. ; Walck, C. ; Waldenmaier, T. ; Wallraff, M. ; Weaver, Ch ; Wellons, M. ; Wendt, C. ; Westerhoff, S. ; Whitehorn, N. ; Wiebe, K. ; Wiebusch, C. H. ; Williams, D. R. ; Wissing, H. ; Wolf, M. ; Wood, T. R. ; Woschnagg, K. ; Xu, D. L. ; Xu, X. W. ; Yanez, J. P. ; Yodh, G. ; Yoshida, S. ; Zarzhitsky, P. ; Ziemann, J. ; Zierke, S. ; Zoll, M. / Evidence for high-energy extraterrestrial neutrinos at the icecube detector. In: Science. 2013 ; Vol. 342, No. 6161.
@article{c50eb874ff02482388655ac4ed80ef3a,
title = "Evidence for high-energy extraterrestrial neutrinos at the icecube detector",
abstract = "We report on results of an all-sky search for high-energy neutrino events interacting within the IceCube neutrino detector conducted between May 2010 and May 2012. The search follows up on the previous detection of two PeV neutrino events, with improved sensitivity and extended energy coverage down to about 30 TeV. Twenty-six additional events were observed, substantially more than expected from atmospheric backgrounds. Combined, both searches reject a purely atmospheric origin for the 28 events at the 4σ level. These 28 events, which include the highest energy neutrinos ever observed, have flavors, directions, and energies inconsistent with those expected from the atmospheric muon and neutrino backgrounds. These properties are, however, consistent with generic predictions for an additional component of extraterrestrial origin.",
author = "Aartsen, {M. G.} and R. Abbasi and Y. Abdou and M. Ackermann and J. Adams and Aguilar, {J. A.} and M. Ahlers and D. Altmann and J. Auffenberg and X. Bai and M. Baker and Barwick, {S. W.} and V. Baum and R. Bay and Beatty, {J. J.} and S. Bechet and {Becker Tjus}, J. and Becker, {K. H.} and {Lotfi Benabderrhmane}, Mohamed and S. BenZvi and P. Berghaus and D. Berley and E. Bernardini and A. Bernhard and D. Bertrand and Besson, {D. Z.} and G. Binder and D. Bindig and M. Bissok and E. Blaufuss and J. Blumenthal and Boersma, {D. J.} and S. Bohaichuk and C. Bohm and D. Bose and S. B{\"o}ser and O. Botner and L. Brayeur and Bretz, {H. P.} and Brown, {A. M.} and R. Bruijn and J. Brunner and M. Carson and J. Casey and M. Casier and D. Chirkin and A. Christov and B. Christy and K. Clark and F. Clevermann and S. Coenders and S. Cohen and Cowen, {D. F.} and {Cruz Silva}, {A. H.} and M. Danninger and J. Daughhetee and Davis, {J. C.} and M. Day and {De Clercq}, C. and {De Ridder}, S. and P. Desiati and {De Vries}, {K. D.} and {De With}, M. and T. DeYoung and D{\'i}az-V{\'e}lez, {J. C.} and M. Dunkman and R. Eagan and B. Eberhardt and B. Eichmann and J. Eisch and Ellsworth, {R. W.} and S. Euler and Evenson, {P. A.} and O. Fadiran and Fazely, {A. R.} and A. Fedynitch and J. Feintzeig and T. Feusels and K. Filimonov and C. Finley and T. Fischer-Wasels and S. Flis and A. Franckowiak and K. Frantzen and T. Fuchs and Gaisser, {T. K.} and J. Gallagher and L. Gerhardt and L. Gladstone and T. Gl{\"u}senkamp and A. Goldschmidt and G. Golup and Gonzalez, {J. G.} and Goodman, {J. A.} and D. G{\'o}ra and Grandmont, {D. T.} and D. Grant and A. Gro{\ss} and C. Ha and {Haj Ismail}, A. and P. Hallen and A. Hallgren and F. Halzen and K. Hanson and D. Heereman and D. Heinen and K. Helbing and R. Hellauer and S. Hickford and Hill, {G. C.} and Hoffman, {K. D.} and R. Hoffmann and A. Homeier and K. Hoshina and W. Huelsnitz and Hulth, {P. O.} and K. Hultqvist and S. Hussain and A. Ishihara and E. Jacobi and J. Jacobsen and K. Jagielski and Japaridze, {G. S.} and K. Jero and O. Jlelati and B. Kaminsky and A. Kappes and T. Karg and A. Karle and Kelley, {J. L.} and J. Kiryluk and J. Kl{\"a}s and Klein, {S. R.} and K{\"o}hne, {J. H.} and G. Kohnen and H. Kolanoski and L. K{\"o}pke and C. Kopper and S. Kopper and Koskinen, {D. J.} and M. Kowalski and M. Krasberg and K. Krings and G. Kroll and J. Kunnen and N. Kurahashi and T. Kuwabara and M. Labare and H. Landsman and Larson, {M. J.} and M. Lesiak-Bzdak and M. Leuermann and J. Leute and J. L{\"u}nemann and J. Madsen and G. Maggi and R. Maruyama and K. Mase and Matis, {H. S.} and F. McNally and K. Meagher and M. Merck and T. Meures and S. Miarecki and E. Middell and N. Milke and J. Miller and L. Mohrmann and T. Montaruli and R. Morse and R. Nahnhauer and U. Naumann and H. Niederhausen and Nowicki, {S. C.} and Nygren, {D. R.} and A. Obertacke and S. Odrowski and A. Olivas and A. O'Murchadha and L. Paul and Pepper, {J. A.} and {De P{\'e}rez Los Heros}, C. and C. Pfendner and D. Pieloth and E. Pinat and J. Posselt and Price, {P. B.} and Przybylski, {G. T.} and L. R{\"a}del and M. Rameez and K. Rawlins and P. Redl and R. Reimann and E. Resconi and W. Rhode and M. Ribordy and M. Richman and B. Riedel and Rodrigues, {J. P.} and C. Rott and T. Ruhe and B. Ruzybayev and D. Ryckbosch and Saba, {S. M.} and T. Salameh and Sander, {H. G.} and M. Santander and S. Sarkar and K. Schatto and F. Scheriau and T. Schmidt and M. Schmitz and S. Schoenen and S. Sch{\"o}neberg and A. Sch{\"o}nwald and A. Schukraft and L. Schulte and O. Schulz and D. Seckel and Y. Sestayo and S. Seunarine and R. Shanidze and C. Sheremata and Smith, {M. W.E.} and D. Soldin and Spiczak, {G. M.} and C. Spiering and M. Stamatikos and T. Stanev and A. Stasik and T. Stezelberger and Stokstad, {R. G.} and A. St{\"o}{\ss}l and Strahler, {E. A.} and R. Str{\"o}m and Sullivan, {G. W.} and H. Taavola and I. Taboada and A. Tamburro and A. Tepe and S. Ter-Antonyan and G. Tešić and S. Tilav and Toale, {P. A.} and S. Toscano and E. Unger and M. Usner and {Van Eijndhoven}, N. and {Van Overloop}, A. and {Van Santen}, J. and M. Vehring and M. Voge and M. Vraeghe and C. Walck and T. Waldenmaier and M. Wallraff and Ch Weaver and M. Wellons and C. Wendt and S. Westerhoff and N. Whitehorn and K. Wiebe and Wiebusch, {C. H.} and Williams, {D. R.} and H. Wissing and M. Wolf and Wood, {T. R.} and K. Woschnagg and Xu, {D. L.} and Xu, {X. W.} and Yanez, {J. P.} and G. Yodh and S. Yoshida and P. Zarzhitsky and J. Ziemann and S. Zierke and M. Zoll",
year = "2013",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1126/science.1242856",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "342",
journal = "Science",
issn = "0036-8075",
publisher = "American Association for the Advancement of Science",
number = "6161",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evidence for high-energy extraterrestrial neutrinos at the icecube detector

AU - Aartsen, M. G.

AU - Abbasi, R.

AU - Abdou, Y.

AU - Ackermann, M.

AU - Adams, J.

AU - Aguilar, J. A.

AU - Ahlers, M.

AU - Altmann, D.

AU - Auffenberg, J.

AU - Bai, X.

AU - Baker, M.

AU - Barwick, S. W.

AU - Baum, V.

AU - Bay, R.

AU - Beatty, J. J.

AU - Bechet, S.

AU - Becker Tjus, J.

AU - Becker, K. H.

AU - Lotfi Benabderrhmane, Mohamed

AU - BenZvi, S.

AU - Berghaus, P.

AU - Berley, D.

AU - Bernardini, E.

AU - Bernhard, A.

AU - Bertrand, D.

AU - Besson, D. Z.

AU - Binder, G.

AU - Bindig, D.

AU - Bissok, M.

AU - Blaufuss, E.

AU - Blumenthal, J.

AU - Boersma, D. J.

AU - Bohaichuk, S.

AU - Bohm, C.

AU - Bose, D.

AU - Böser, S.

AU - Botner, O.

AU - Brayeur, L.

AU - Bretz, H. P.

AU - Brown, A. M.

AU - Bruijn, R.

AU - Brunner, J.

AU - Carson, M.

AU - Casey, J.

AU - Casier, M.

AU - Chirkin, D.

AU - Christov, A.

AU - Christy, B.

AU - Clark, K.

AU - Clevermann, F.

AU - Coenders, S.

AU - Cohen, S.

AU - Cowen, D. F.

AU - Cruz Silva, A. H.

AU - Danninger, M.

AU - Daughhetee, J.

AU - Davis, J. C.

AU - Day, M.

AU - De Clercq, C.

AU - De Ridder, S.

AU - Desiati, P.

AU - De Vries, K. D.

AU - De With, M.

AU - DeYoung, T.

AU - Díaz-Vélez, J. C.

AU - Dunkman, M.

AU - Eagan, R.

AU - Eberhardt, B.

AU - Eichmann, B.

AU - Eisch, J.

AU - Ellsworth, R. W.

AU - Euler, S.

AU - Evenson, P. A.

AU - Fadiran, O.

AU - Fazely, A. R.

AU - Fedynitch, A.

AU - Feintzeig, J.

AU - Feusels, T.

AU - Filimonov, K.

AU - Finley, C.

AU - Fischer-Wasels, T.

AU - Flis, S.

AU - Franckowiak, A.

AU - Frantzen, K.

AU - Fuchs, T.

AU - Gaisser, T. K.

AU - Gallagher, J.

AU - Gerhardt, L.

AU - Gladstone, L.

AU - Glüsenkamp, T.

AU - Goldschmidt, A.

AU - Golup, G.

AU - Gonzalez, J. G.

AU - Goodman, J. A.

AU - Góra, D.

AU - Grandmont, D. T.

AU - Grant, D.

AU - Groß, A.

AU - Ha, C.

AU - Haj Ismail, A.

AU - Hallen, P.

AU - Hallgren, A.

AU - Halzen, F.

AU - Hanson, K.

AU - Heereman, D.

AU - Heinen, D.

AU - Helbing, K.

AU - Hellauer, R.

AU - Hickford, S.

AU - Hill, G. C.

AU - Hoffman, K. D.

AU - Hoffmann, R.

AU - Homeier, A.

AU - Hoshina, K.

AU - Huelsnitz, W.

AU - Hulth, P. O.

AU - Hultqvist, K.

AU - Hussain, S.

AU - Ishihara, A.

AU - Jacobi, E.

AU - Jacobsen, J.

AU - Jagielski, K.

AU - Japaridze, G. S.

AU - Jero, K.

AU - Jlelati, O.

AU - Kaminsky, B.

AU - Kappes, A.

AU - Karg, T.

AU - Karle, A.

AU - Kelley, J. L.

AU - Kiryluk, J.

AU - Kläs, J.

AU - Klein, S. R.

AU - Köhne, J. H.

AU - Kohnen, G.

AU - Kolanoski, H.

AU - Köpke, L.

AU - Kopper, C.

AU - Kopper, S.

AU - Koskinen, D. J.

AU - Kowalski, M.

AU - Krasberg, M.

AU - Krings, K.

AU - Kroll, G.

AU - Kunnen, J.

AU - Kurahashi, N.

AU - Kuwabara, T.

AU - Labare, M.

AU - Landsman, H.

AU - Larson, M. J.

AU - Lesiak-Bzdak, M.

AU - Leuermann, M.

AU - Leute, J.

AU - Lünemann, J.

AU - Madsen, J.

AU - Maggi, G.

AU - Maruyama, R.

AU - Mase, K.

AU - Matis, H. S.

AU - McNally, F.

AU - Meagher, K.

AU - Merck, M.

AU - Meures, T.

AU - Miarecki, S.

AU - Middell, E.

AU - Milke, N.

AU - Miller, J.

AU - Mohrmann, L.

AU - Montaruli, T.

AU - Morse, R.

AU - Nahnhauer, R.

AU - Naumann, U.

AU - Niederhausen, H.

AU - Nowicki, S. C.

AU - Nygren, D. R.

AU - Obertacke, A.

AU - Odrowski, S.

AU - Olivas, A.

AU - O'Murchadha, A.

AU - Paul, L.

AU - Pepper, J. A.

AU - De Pérez Los Heros, C.

AU - Pfendner, C.

AU - Pieloth, D.

AU - Pinat, E.

AU - Posselt, J.

AU - Price, P. B.

AU - Przybylski, G. T.

AU - Rädel, L.

AU - Rameez, M.

AU - Rawlins, K.

AU - Redl, P.

AU - Reimann, R.

AU - Resconi, E.

AU - Rhode, W.

AU - Ribordy, M.

AU - Richman, M.

AU - Riedel, B.

AU - Rodrigues, J. P.

AU - Rott, C.

AU - Ruhe, T.

AU - Ruzybayev, B.

AU - Ryckbosch, D.

AU - Saba, S. M.

AU - Salameh, T.

AU - Sander, H. G.

AU - Santander, M.

AU - Sarkar, S.

AU - Schatto, K.

AU - Scheriau, F.

AU - Schmidt, T.

AU - Schmitz, M.

AU - Schoenen, S.

AU - Schöneberg, S.

AU - Schönwald, A.

AU - Schukraft, A.

AU - Schulte, L.

AU - Schulz, O.

AU - Seckel, D.

AU - Sestayo, Y.

AU - Seunarine, S.

AU - Shanidze, R.

AU - Sheremata, C.

AU - Smith, M. W.E.

AU - Soldin, D.

AU - Spiczak, G. M.

AU - Spiering, C.

AU - Stamatikos, M.

AU - Stanev, T.

AU - Stasik, A.

AU - Stezelberger, T.

AU - Stokstad, R. G.

AU - Stößl, A.

AU - Strahler, E. A.

AU - Ström, R.

AU - Sullivan, G. W.

AU - Taavola, H.

AU - Taboada, I.

AU - Tamburro, A.

AU - Tepe, A.

AU - Ter-Antonyan, S.

AU - Tešić, G.

AU - Tilav, S.

AU - Toale, P. A.

AU - Toscano, S.

AU - Unger, E.

AU - Usner, M.

AU - Van Eijndhoven, N.

AU - Van Overloop, A.

AU - Van Santen, J.

AU - Vehring, M.

AU - Voge, M.

AU - Vraeghe, M.

AU - Walck, C.

AU - Waldenmaier, T.

AU - Wallraff, M.

AU - Weaver, Ch

AU - Wellons, M.

AU - Wendt, C.

AU - Westerhoff, S.

AU - Whitehorn, N.

AU - Wiebe, K.

AU - Wiebusch, C. H.

AU - Williams, D. R.

AU - Wissing, H.

AU - Wolf, M.

AU - Wood, T. R.

AU - Woschnagg, K.

AU - Xu, D. L.

AU - Xu, X. W.

AU - Yanez, J. P.

AU - Yodh, G.

AU - Yoshida, S.

AU - Zarzhitsky, P.

AU - Ziemann, J.

AU - Zierke, S.

AU - Zoll, M.

PY - 2013/1/1

Y1 - 2013/1/1

N2 - We report on results of an all-sky search for high-energy neutrino events interacting within the IceCube neutrino detector conducted between May 2010 and May 2012. The search follows up on the previous detection of two PeV neutrino events, with improved sensitivity and extended energy coverage down to about 30 TeV. Twenty-six additional events were observed, substantially more than expected from atmospheric backgrounds. Combined, both searches reject a purely atmospheric origin for the 28 events at the 4σ level. These 28 events, which include the highest energy neutrinos ever observed, have flavors, directions, and energies inconsistent with those expected from the atmospheric muon and neutrino backgrounds. These properties are, however, consistent with generic predictions for an additional component of extraterrestrial origin.

AB - We report on results of an all-sky search for high-energy neutrino events interacting within the IceCube neutrino detector conducted between May 2010 and May 2012. The search follows up on the previous detection of two PeV neutrino events, with improved sensitivity and extended energy coverage down to about 30 TeV. Twenty-six additional events were observed, substantially more than expected from atmospheric backgrounds. Combined, both searches reject a purely atmospheric origin for the 28 events at the 4σ level. These 28 events, which include the highest energy neutrinos ever observed, have flavors, directions, and energies inconsistent with those expected from the atmospheric muon and neutrino backgrounds. These properties are, however, consistent with generic predictions for an additional component of extraterrestrial origin.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84888063867&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84888063867&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1126/science.1242856

DO - 10.1126/science.1242856

M3 - Article

VL - 342

JO - Science

JF - Science

SN - 0036-8075

IS - 6161

M1 - 1242856

ER -