Evidence-based decision support for neurological diagnosis reduces errors and unnecessary workup

Michael M. Segal, Marc S. Williams, Andrea L. Gropman, Alcy R. Torres, Rob Forsyth, Anne M. Connolly, Ayman W. El-Hattab, Seth J. Perlman, Debopam Samanta, Sumit Parikh, Steven G. Pavlakis, Lynn K. Feldman, Rebecca Betensky, Sidney M. Gospe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Using vignettes of real cases and the SimulConsult diagnostic decision support software, neurologists listed a differential diagnosis and workup before and after using the decision support. Using the software, there was a significant reduction in error, up to 75% for diagnosis and 56% for workup. This error reduction occurred despite the baseline being one in which testers were allowed to use narrative resources and Web searching. A key factor that improved performance was taking enough time (>2 minutes) to enter clinical findings into the software accurately. Under these conditions and for instances in which the diagnoses changed based on using the software, diagnostic accuracy improved in 96% of instances. There was a 6% decrease in the number of workup items accompanied by a 34% increase in relevance. The authors conclude that decision support for a neurological diagnosis can reduce errors and save on unnecessary testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)487-492
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Child Neurology
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

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Software
Differential Diagnosis

Keywords

  • decision support
  • diagnosis
  • errors
  • genetics
  • medical informatics
  • neurogenetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Segal, M. M., Williams, M. S., Gropman, A. L., Torres, A. R., Forsyth, R., Connolly, A. M., ... Gospe, S. M. (2014). Evidence-based decision support for neurological diagnosis reduces errors and unnecessary workup. Journal of Child Neurology, 29(4), 487-492. https://doi.org/10.1177/0883073813483365

Evidence-based decision support for neurological diagnosis reduces errors and unnecessary workup. / Segal, Michael M.; Williams, Marc S.; Gropman, Andrea L.; Torres, Alcy R.; Forsyth, Rob; Connolly, Anne M.; El-Hattab, Ayman W.; Perlman, Seth J.; Samanta, Debopam; Parikh, Sumit; Pavlakis, Steven G.; Feldman, Lynn K.; Betensky, Rebecca; Gospe, Sidney M.

In: Journal of Child Neurology, Vol. 29, No. 4, 01.01.2014, p. 487-492.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Segal, MM, Williams, MS, Gropman, AL, Torres, AR, Forsyth, R, Connolly, AM, El-Hattab, AW, Perlman, SJ, Samanta, D, Parikh, S, Pavlakis, SG, Feldman, LK, Betensky, R & Gospe, SM 2014, 'Evidence-based decision support for neurological diagnosis reduces errors and unnecessary workup', Journal of Child Neurology, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 487-492. https://doi.org/10.1177/0883073813483365
Segal, Michael M. ; Williams, Marc S. ; Gropman, Andrea L. ; Torres, Alcy R. ; Forsyth, Rob ; Connolly, Anne M. ; El-Hattab, Ayman W. ; Perlman, Seth J. ; Samanta, Debopam ; Parikh, Sumit ; Pavlakis, Steven G. ; Feldman, Lynn K. ; Betensky, Rebecca ; Gospe, Sidney M. / Evidence-based decision support for neurological diagnosis reduces errors and unnecessary workup. In: Journal of Child Neurology. 2014 ; Vol. 29, No. 4. pp. 487-492.
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