Evaluation of Handwriting Skills in Children with Learning Difficulties

Wanjoo Park, Georgios Korres, Samra Tahir, Mohamad Eid

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Many children have physical, cognitive, motor, and other limitations that influence their ability to develop handwriting skills. Recently, haptic technology is gaining rising interest as an assistive technologies to improve the acquisition of handwriting skills for children with learning difficulties. In this paper, we introduce a method and an experimental protocol to evaluate the quality of handwriting for children with learning difficulties. We developed a copy work task comprising four categories of handwriting tasks, namely numbers, letter, shapes, and emoticons (a total of 32 tasks, covering low to high complexity handwriting tasks). Results demonstrated that shapes are more difficult to learn than emoticons, even though emoticons are more complex to construct. This is probably due to the fact that children are more familiar with emoticons than abstract shapes. Findings in this study are crucial for developing a longitudinal experimental study to evaluate the effectiveness of various haptic guidance methods to improve learning outcomes for children with learning difficulties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationUniversal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Multimodality and Assistive Environments - 13th International Conference, UAHCI 2019, Held as Part of the 21st HCI International Conference, HCII 2019, Proceedings
EditorsMargherita Antona, Constantine Stephanidis
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages150-159
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9783030235628
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Event13th International Conference on Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction, UAHCI 2019, held as part of the 21st International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCI International 2019 - Orlando, United States
Duration: Jul 26 2019Jul 31 2019

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume11573 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference13th International Conference on Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction, UAHCI 2019, held as part of the 21st International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCI International 2019
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period7/26/197/31/19

Keywords

  • Drawing
  • Handwriting
  • Haptic
  • Learning difficulty
  • assistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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  • Cite this

    Park, W., Korres, G., Tahir, S., & Eid, M. (2019). Evaluation of Handwriting Skills in Children with Learning Difficulties. In M. Antona, & C. Stephanidis (Eds.), Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Multimodality and Assistive Environments - 13th International Conference, UAHCI 2019, Held as Part of the 21st HCI International Conference, HCII 2019, Proceedings (pp. 150-159). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 11573 LNCS). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-23563-5_13