Evaluation of binaural renderers: Externalization, front/back and up/down confusions

Gregory Reardon, Gabriel Zalles, Andrea Genovese, Patrick Flanagan, Agnieszka Roginska

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Binaural renderers can be used to reproduce dynamic spatial audio over headphones and deliver immersive audio content. Six commercially available binaural renderers with different rendering methodologies were evaluated in a multi-phase subjective study. This paper presents and discusses the testing methodology, evaluation criteria, and main findings of the externalization, front/back discrimination and up/down discrimination tasks which are part of the first phase. A statistical analysis over a large number of subjects revealed that the choice of renderer has a significant effect on all three dependent measures. Further, ratings of perceived externalization for the renderers were found to be content-specific, while renderer reversal rates were much more robust to different stimuli.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
Event144th Audio Engineering Society Convention 2018 - Milan, Italy
Duration: May 23 2018May 26 2018

Other

Other144th Audio Engineering Society Convention 2018
CountryItaly
CityMilan
Period5/23/185/26/18

Fingerprint

Headphones
confusion
Discrimination
discrimination
Statistical methods
methodology
Methodology
evaluation
ratings
Evaluation
Testing
Reversal
statistical analysis
Rendering
stimuli
Statistical Analysis
Dependent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Modeling and Simulation

Cite this

Reardon, G., Zalles, G., Genovese, A., Flanagan, P., & Roginska, A. (2018). Evaluation of binaural renderers: Externalization, front/back and up/down confusions. Paper presented at 144th Audio Engineering Society Convention 2018, Milan, Italy.

Evaluation of binaural renderers : Externalization, front/back and up/down confusions. / Reardon, Gregory; Zalles, Gabriel; Genovese, Andrea; Flanagan, Patrick; Roginska, Agnieszka.

2018. Paper presented at 144th Audio Engineering Society Convention 2018, Milan, Italy.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Reardon, G, Zalles, G, Genovese, A, Flanagan, P & Roginska, A 2018, 'Evaluation of binaural renderers: Externalization, front/back and up/down confusions' Paper presented at 144th Audio Engineering Society Convention 2018, Milan, Italy, 5/23/18 - 5/26/18, .
Reardon G, Zalles G, Genovese A, Flanagan P, Roginska A. Evaluation of binaural renderers: Externalization, front/back and up/down confusions. 2018. Paper presented at 144th Audio Engineering Society Convention 2018, Milan, Italy.
Reardon, Gregory ; Zalles, Gabriel ; Genovese, Andrea ; Flanagan, Patrick ; Roginska, Agnieszka. / Evaluation of binaural renderers : Externalization, front/back and up/down confusions. Paper presented at 144th Audio Engineering Society Convention 2018, Milan, Italy.
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