Ethnicity and conflict

An empirical study

Joan Esteban, Laura Mayoral, Debraj Ray

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    Abstract

    We examine empirically the impact of ethnic divisions on conflict, by using a specification based on Esteban and Ray (2011). That theory links conflict intensity to three indices of ethnic distribution: polarization, fractionalization, and the Gini-Greenberg index. The empirical analysis verifies that these distributional measures are significant correlates of conflict. These effects persist as we introduce countryspecific measures of group cohesion and of the importance of public goods, and combine them with the distributional measures exactly as described by the theory.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1310-1342
    Number of pages33
    JournalAmerican Economic Review
    Volume102
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jun 2012

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    Empirical study
    Ethnic groups
    Empirical analysis
    Polarization
    Correlates
    Gini index
    Fractionalization
    Group cohesion

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Economics and Econometrics

    Cite this

    Ethnicity and conflict : An empirical study. / Esteban, Joan; Mayoral, Laura; Ray, Debraj.

    In: American Economic Review, Vol. 102, No. 4, 06.2012, p. 1310-1342.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    Esteban, J, Mayoral, L & Ray, D 2012, 'Ethnicity and conflict: An empirical study', American Economic Review, vol. 102, no. 4, pp. 1310-1342. https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.102.4.1310
    Esteban, Joan ; Mayoral, Laura ; Ray, Debraj. / Ethnicity and conflict : An empirical study. In: American Economic Review. 2012 ; Vol. 102, No. 4. pp. 1310-1342.
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