Estimating Effects of Affirmative Action in Policing: A Replication and Extension

Maryah Garner, Anna Harvey, Hunter Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Many police departments in the United States have experienced externally-imposed affirmative action plans designed to increase the shares of nonwhite and female police officers. This paper examines whether externally-imposed affirmative action plans have impacted the rates of reported offenses and/or offenses cleared by arrest, seeking to replicate and extend Lott (2000) and McCrary (2007). Using a series of modern econometric strategies, including difference-in-differences decomposition and generalized synthetic controls, we do not find a significant effect of court-imposed affirmative action plans on the rates of reported offenses or reported offenses cleared by arrest, a finding consistent with McCrary (2007). We also consider whether unlitigated agencies change their practices due to the threat of litigation, but, like McCrary (2007), are unable to identify causal evidence of such threat effects. We suggest that, in the spirit of Miller and Segal (2018), future research seek to estimate the potentially racially heterogeneous treatment effects of race-based affirmative action plans on public safety outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105881
JournalInternational Review of Law and Economics
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

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action plan
affirmative action
offense
threat
police officer
econometrics
police
Replication
Affirmative action
evidence
Threat
Police

Keywords

  • Affirmative Action
  • Crime
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Policing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Law

Cite this

Estimating Effects of Affirmative Action in Policing : A Replication and Extension. / Garner, Maryah; Harvey, Anna; Johnson, Hunter.

In: International Review of Law and Economics, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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