Error-free and error-prone lesion bypass by human DNA polymerase κ in vitro

Yanbin Zhang, Fenghua Yuan, Xiaohua Wu, Mu Wang, Olga Rechkoblit, John Stephen Taylor, Nicholas Geacintov, Zhigang Wanga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Error-free lesion bypass and error-prone lesion bypass are important cellular responses to DNA damage during replication, both of which require a DNA polymerase (Pol). To identify lesion bypass DNA polymerase, we have purified human Polκ encoded by the DINB1 gene and examined its response to damaged DNA templates. Here, we show that human Pol''K is a novel lesion bypass polymerase In vitro. Purified human Polκ efficiently bypassed a template 8-oxoguanine, incorporating mainly A and less frequently C opposite the lesion. Human Polκ most frequently incorporated A opposite a template abasic site. Efficient further extension required T as the next template base, and was mediated mainly by a one-nucleotide deletion mechanism. Human Polκ was able to bypass an acetylaminofluorene-modified G in DNA, incorporating either C or T, and less efficiently A opposite the lesion. Furthermore, human Polκ effectively bypassed a template (-)-trans-antibenzo[a]pyrene-N2-dG lesion in an error-free manner by incorporating a C opposite the bulky adduct. In contrast, human Polκ was unable to bypass a template TT dimer or a TT (6-4) photoproduct, two of the major UV lesions. These results suggest that Polκ plays an important role in both error-free and error-prone lesion bypass in humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4138-4146
Number of pages9
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Volume28
Issue number21
StatePublished - Nov 1 2000

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DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
2-Acetylaminofluorene
In Vitro Techniques
DNA
DNA Damage
Nucleotides
Genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

Cite this

Zhang, Y., Yuan, F., Wu, X., Wang, M., Rechkoblit, O., Taylor, J. S., ... Wanga, Z. (2000). Error-free and error-prone lesion bypass by human DNA polymerase κ in vitro. Nucleic Acids Research, 28(21), 4138-4146.

Error-free and error-prone lesion bypass by human DNA polymerase κ in vitro. / Zhang, Yanbin; Yuan, Fenghua; Wu, Xiaohua; Wang, Mu; Rechkoblit, Olga; Taylor, John Stephen; Geacintov, Nicholas; Wanga, Zhigang.

In: Nucleic Acids Research, Vol. 28, No. 21, 01.11.2000, p. 4138-4146.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhang, Y, Yuan, F, Wu, X, Wang, M, Rechkoblit, O, Taylor, JS, Geacintov, N & Wanga, Z 2000, 'Error-free and error-prone lesion bypass by human DNA polymerase κ in vitro', Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 28, no. 21, pp. 4138-4146.
Zhang Y, Yuan F, Wu X, Wang M, Rechkoblit O, Taylor JS et al. Error-free and error-prone lesion bypass by human DNA polymerase κ in vitro. Nucleic Acids Research. 2000 Nov 1;28(21):4138-4146.
Zhang, Yanbin ; Yuan, Fenghua ; Wu, Xiaohua ; Wang, Mu ; Rechkoblit, Olga ; Taylor, John Stephen ; Geacintov, Nicholas ; Wanga, Zhigang. / Error-free and error-prone lesion bypass by human DNA polymerase κ in vitro. In: Nucleic Acids Research. 2000 ; Vol. 28, No. 21. pp. 4138-4146.
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