Equity and accountability: The impact of state accountability systems on school finance

Ross Rubenstein, Sonali Ballal, Leanna Stiefel, Amy Ellen Schartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Using an 11-year panel data set containing information on revenues, expenditures, and demographics for every school district in the United States, we examine the effects of state-adopted school accountability systems on the adequacy and equity of school resources. We find little relationship between state implementation of accountability systems and changes in school finance equity, though we do find evidence that states in which courts overturned the school finance system during the decade exhibited significant equity improvements. Additionally, while implementation of accountability per se does not appear linked to changes in resource adequacy, states that implemented strong accountability systems did experience improvements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalPublic Budgeting and Finance
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Public Administration

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