Equality for whom? Organizational policies and the gender gap across the German earnings distribution

Matt L. Huffman, Joe King, Malte Reichelt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Work establishments are critical for the creation and maintenance of gender inequality. Organizational practices, most notably those that formalize personnel systems or target gender inequality, are often assumed to have uniform effects on inequality across the wage hierarchy. This assumption has eluded careful empirical scrutiny. The authors estimate unconditional quantile regressions with a unique German linked employer-employee data set to assess whether formalized human resource practices, female-friendly diversity measures, and the availability of workplace child care facilities affect wage inequality differently across the wage distribution. While these policies reduce gender inequality in general, they do so more strongly near the bottom of the earnings distribution. Policies that formalize personnel systems and explicitly promote female employees are particularly advantageous to women in low-wage jobs. These results suggest that gender policies have a more subtle effect on earnings inequality than previously recognized, requiring scholars and practitioners to investigate their unique effects at various points of the earnings distribution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-41
Number of pages26
JournalIndustrial and Labor Relations Review
Volume70
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Wages
Personnel
Gender inequality
Equality
Gender gap
Organizational policy
Earnings distribution
Availability
Diversity measures
Earnings inequality
Child care
Organizational practices
Linked employer-employee data
Quantile regression
Wage inequality
Human resource practices
Employees
Wage distribution
Work place

Keywords

  • Economic inequality
  • Female labor
  • Labor and employment policies
  • Organizational behavior
  • Quantile regression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

Cite this

Equality for whom? Organizational policies and the gender gap across the German earnings distribution. / Huffman, Matt L.; King, Joe; Reichelt, Malte.

In: Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 70, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 16-41.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{0a3ce90846284799a6bc8e37644a7406,
title = "Equality for whom? Organizational policies and the gender gap across the German earnings distribution",
abstract = "Work establishments are critical for the creation and maintenance of gender inequality. Organizational practices, most notably those that formalize personnel systems or target gender inequality, are often assumed to have uniform effects on inequality across the wage hierarchy. This assumption has eluded careful empirical scrutiny. The authors estimate unconditional quantile regressions with a unique German linked employer-employee data set to assess whether formalized human resource practices, female-friendly diversity measures, and the availability of workplace child care facilities affect wage inequality differently across the wage distribution. While these policies reduce gender inequality in general, they do so more strongly near the bottom of the earnings distribution. Policies that formalize personnel systems and explicitly promote female employees are particularly advantageous to women in low-wage jobs. These results suggest that gender policies have a more subtle effect on earnings inequality than previously recognized, requiring scholars and practitioners to investigate their unique effects at various points of the earnings distribution.",
keywords = "Economic inequality, Female labor, Labor and employment policies, Organizational behavior, Quantile regression",
author = "Huffman, {Matt L.} and Joe King and Malte Reichelt",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0019793916673974",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "70",
pages = "16--41",
journal = "ILR Review",
issn = "0019-7939",
publisher = "Cornell University",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Equality for whom? Organizational policies and the gender gap across the German earnings distribution

AU - Huffman, Matt L.

AU - King, Joe

AU - Reichelt, Malte

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Work establishments are critical for the creation and maintenance of gender inequality. Organizational practices, most notably those that formalize personnel systems or target gender inequality, are often assumed to have uniform effects on inequality across the wage hierarchy. This assumption has eluded careful empirical scrutiny. The authors estimate unconditional quantile regressions with a unique German linked employer-employee data set to assess whether formalized human resource practices, female-friendly diversity measures, and the availability of workplace child care facilities affect wage inequality differently across the wage distribution. While these policies reduce gender inequality in general, they do so more strongly near the bottom of the earnings distribution. Policies that formalize personnel systems and explicitly promote female employees are particularly advantageous to women in low-wage jobs. These results suggest that gender policies have a more subtle effect on earnings inequality than previously recognized, requiring scholars and practitioners to investigate their unique effects at various points of the earnings distribution.

AB - Work establishments are critical for the creation and maintenance of gender inequality. Organizational practices, most notably those that formalize personnel systems or target gender inequality, are often assumed to have uniform effects on inequality across the wage hierarchy. This assumption has eluded careful empirical scrutiny. The authors estimate unconditional quantile regressions with a unique German linked employer-employee data set to assess whether formalized human resource practices, female-friendly diversity measures, and the availability of workplace child care facilities affect wage inequality differently across the wage distribution. While these policies reduce gender inequality in general, they do so more strongly near the bottom of the earnings distribution. Policies that formalize personnel systems and explicitly promote female employees are particularly advantageous to women in low-wage jobs. These results suggest that gender policies have a more subtle effect on earnings inequality than previously recognized, requiring scholars and practitioners to investigate their unique effects at various points of the earnings distribution.

KW - Economic inequality

KW - Female labor

KW - Labor and employment policies

KW - Organizational behavior

KW - Quantile regression

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85011397649&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85011397649&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0019793916673974

DO - 10.1177/0019793916673974

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85011397649

VL - 70

SP - 16

EP - 41

JO - ILR Review

JF - ILR Review

SN - 0019-7939

IS - 1

ER -