Epidemiologic Perspectives of Risk for Developing Diabetes and Diabetes Complications

Diane Berry, Gail D'Eramo Melkus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The incidence and prevalence of diabetes, particularly T2DM, is increasing both in the United States and worldwide. Identified risk factors, such as glucose intolerance, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia, often precede and accompany the diagnosis of T2DM. Further, all are associated physiologic alterations of obesity. Obesity that has grown in epidemic proportion, because of overconsumption of calories in the presence of decreased physical activity, affects greater numbers of persons including children and adolescents. National recommendations for screening and diagnosis of diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia provide a basis for early detection, treatment, and intervention that may potentially decrease related complications, and personal and economic costs of the disease. Most important is that knowledge exists about who is at risk for diabetes by weight, family history of diabetes, ethnicity, and history of gestational diabetes that allows for the development and implementation of diabetes primary prevention programs. Multiple national health surveys and databases provide important information for health care providers, systems of care, and communities that can be used to guide such prevention, early screening, and disease detection and intervention programs aimed at decreasing the burden of diabetes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)487-498
Number of pages12
JournalNursing Clinics of North America
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2006

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Diabetes Complications
Obesity
Hypertension
Cost of Illness
Glucose Intolerance
Gestational Diabetes
Primary Prevention
Dyslipidemias
Hyperlipidemias
Health Surveys
Health Personnel
Early Diagnosis
Economics
Databases
Exercise
Delivery of Health Care
Weights and Measures
Incidence
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Epidemiologic Perspectives of Risk for Developing Diabetes and Diabetes Complications. / Berry, Diane; D'Eramo Melkus, Gail.

In: Nursing Clinics of North America, Vol. 41, No. 4, 12.2006, p. 487-498.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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