Effects of alcohol on controlled and automatic memory processes

Thomas R. Kirchner, Michael A. Sayette

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The authors used the process-dissociation procedure (L. L. Jacoby, 1998) to examine the effects of alcohol on controlled and automatic influences on memory performance. Participants studied 1 of 2 word lists and subsequently were cued with word stems to recall the words from both lists. Fifty-four men were administered either a moderate dose of alcohol (0.82 g/kg) or placebo prior to studying the word list. Results indicated that alcohol decreased estimates of controlled contributions to performance on the task. In contrast, alcohol did not appear to affect automatic influences on this task. Integrated with recent findings using a different cognitive task, these data suggest that alcohol impairs performance on implicit, conceptually driven tasks but not on implicit, perceptually driven tasks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-175
Number of pages9
JournalExperimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2003

Fingerprint

Alcohols
Task Performance and Analysis
Placebos

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

Effects of alcohol on controlled and automatic memory processes. / Kirchner, Thomas R.; Sayette, Michael A.

In: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, Vol. 11, No. 2, 05.2003, p. 167-175.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a724d9ca1f8748e197b2dcdb3698d3e1,
title = "Effects of alcohol on controlled and automatic memory processes",
abstract = "The authors used the process-dissociation procedure (L. L. Jacoby, 1998) to examine the effects of alcohol on controlled and automatic influences on memory performance. Participants studied 1 of 2 word lists and subsequently were cued with word stems to recall the words from both lists. Fifty-four men were administered either a moderate dose of alcohol (0.82 g/kg) or placebo prior to studying the word list. Results indicated that alcohol decreased estimates of controlled contributions to performance on the task. In contrast, alcohol did not appear to affect automatic influences on this task. Integrated with recent findings using a different cognitive task, these data suggest that alcohol impairs performance on implicit, conceptually driven tasks but not on implicit, perceptually driven tasks.",
author = "Kirchner, {Thomas R.} and Sayette, {Michael A.}",
year = "2003",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1037/1064-1297.11.2.167",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "11",
pages = "167--175",
journal = "Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology",
issn = "1064-1297",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of alcohol on controlled and automatic memory processes

AU - Kirchner, Thomas R.

AU - Sayette, Michael A.

PY - 2003/5

Y1 - 2003/5

N2 - The authors used the process-dissociation procedure (L. L. Jacoby, 1998) to examine the effects of alcohol on controlled and automatic influences on memory performance. Participants studied 1 of 2 word lists and subsequently were cued with word stems to recall the words from both lists. Fifty-four men were administered either a moderate dose of alcohol (0.82 g/kg) or placebo prior to studying the word list. Results indicated that alcohol decreased estimates of controlled contributions to performance on the task. In contrast, alcohol did not appear to affect automatic influences on this task. Integrated with recent findings using a different cognitive task, these data suggest that alcohol impairs performance on implicit, conceptually driven tasks but not on implicit, perceptually driven tasks.

AB - The authors used the process-dissociation procedure (L. L. Jacoby, 1998) to examine the effects of alcohol on controlled and automatic influences on memory performance. Participants studied 1 of 2 word lists and subsequently were cued with word stems to recall the words from both lists. Fifty-four men were administered either a moderate dose of alcohol (0.82 g/kg) or placebo prior to studying the word list. Results indicated that alcohol decreased estimates of controlled contributions to performance on the task. In contrast, alcohol did not appear to affect automatic influences on this task. Integrated with recent findings using a different cognitive task, these data suggest that alcohol impairs performance on implicit, conceptually driven tasks but not on implicit, perceptually driven tasks.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0038372737&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0038372737&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/1064-1297.11.2.167

DO - 10.1037/1064-1297.11.2.167

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 167

EP - 175

JO - Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology

JF - Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology

SN - 1064-1297

IS - 2

ER -