Effect of finishing technique on the occurrence and length of microcracks in resin-based materials

Adalberto B. De Vasconcellos, Alex Delgado, Ronaldo Hirata, Richard Blackmon, Edward J. Swift, Harald O. Heymann, Amy L. Oldenburg, Andre V. Ritter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the presence and length of microcracks in resin-based materials finished with different techniques, using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods: Standardized Class V preparations (3×2×2mm) were made in the facial and lingual surfaces of 20 recently-extracted human third molars. 20 preparations were restored with a resin-based composite material (RBC; Filtek Supreme Ultra) and the other 20 with a resin modified glass-ionomer material (RMGI; Ketac Nano). After final polymerization, specimens were further stratified by finishing system: aluminum oxide discs (Sof-Lex) or spiral fluted carbide bur series (H48L). By random allocation, each extracted tooth therefore received one RBC and one RMGI restoration, and equal numbers of restorations from each material were finished using each finishing system (n= 10). After 24 hours of storage in 100% humidity at room temperature, the specimens were evaluated at ×20 to ×600 under environmental SEM. Cross-sectional occlusal-cervical B-mode images were obtained in increments of 25 mm from the mesial margin to the distal margin of the restoration using a spectral-domain (SD) OCT system and analyzed using Image J software to identify and measure microcrack penetration into each restoration. The total length (mm) at the point of the deepest microcrack penetration in each specimen was recorded. Data were statistically analyzed using a t-test. Results: No microcracks were observed in the RBC samples. However, microcrack presence was identified in all of the RMGI specimens. The t-test showed a statistically significant difference (P< 0.05) in mean microcrack length values based on the finishing technique used for the RMGI samples. [SofLex: 0.67 (Plusmn; 0.28) mm; carbide: 1.26 (Plusmn; 0.30)] mm. Two-way ANOVA showed significant differences in the factors "finishing technique" and "restorative material" (P< 0.001). The interaction of these two factors was also statistically significant (P< 0.001). For the tested RMGI, Tukey post-hoc test revealed that the finishing with aluminum oxide groups resulted in statistically significant lower mean microcrack length when compared to spiral fluted carbide burs (P< 0.001).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)294-300
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of dentistry
Volume29
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2016

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

De Vasconcellos, A. B., Delgado, A., Hirata, R., Blackmon, R., Swift, E. J., Heymann, H. O., Oldenburg, A. L., & Ritter, A. V. (2016). Effect of finishing technique on the occurrence and length of microcracks in resin-based materials. American journal of dentistry, 29(5), 294-300.