Effect of early childhood protein-energy malnutrition on permanent dentition dental caries

Elisandra Reyes-Perez, Luisa N. Borrell, Ralph Katz, Bette J. Gebrian, Samuel Prophete, Walter J. Psoter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Conclusions ECPEM status is inversely associated with DMFT in Haitian participants. Further follow-up of these same participants will be recommended to evaluate the potential caries catch-up effect.

Objectives The objective of this study is to determine the effect of early childhood protein-energy malnutrition (ECPEM) on decayed, missing, filled tooth (DMFT) scores in the permanent dentition of rural Haitian adolescents aged 11-19 years (n=1,006).

Results Questionable malnutrition [rate ratio (RR)=0.72; 95 percent confidence interval (CI), 0.61-0.86] and malnutrition (RR=0.58; 95 percent CI, 0.49-0.69) were associated with a statistically significant lower DMFT in Haitian adolescents.

Methods We used data from a retrospective cohort that was developed from the Haitian Health Foundation database and merged records on weight-for-age covering the birth through 5-year-old period for all enrolled participants. Dental examinations and interviewer-administered structured questionnaires on demographic and socioeconomic status, and relative sugar consumption were completed in 1,058 participants aged 11-19 years. The ECPEM was defined based on weight-for-age of the subjects during their first 5 years of life that were converted to Z-scores based on the National Center for Health Statistics referent database. Descriptive statistics were calculated. DMFT was regressed on ECPEM adjusting for age, sex, current body mass index Z-score, socioeconomic status, relative sugar consumption, and number of permanent teeth present assuming a Poisson distribution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-187
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Public Health Dentistry
Volume74
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2014

Fingerprint

DMF Index
Permanent Dentition
Protein-Energy Malnutrition
Dental Caries
Social Class
Malnutrition
Tooth
Databases
Confidence Intervals
Poisson Distribution
National Center for Health Statistics (U.S.)
Weights and Measures
Body Mass Index
Demography
Parturition
Interviews
Health

Keywords

  • dental caries
  • early childhood malnutrition
  • enamel formation
  • permanent dentition
  • Poisson regression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Effect of early childhood protein-energy malnutrition on permanent dentition dental caries. / Reyes-Perez, Elisandra; Borrell, Luisa N.; Katz, Ralph; Gebrian, Bette J.; Prophete, Samuel; Psoter, Walter J.

In: Journal of Public Health Dentistry, Vol. 74, No. 3, 01.06.2014, p. 181-187.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reyes-Perez, Elisandra ; Borrell, Luisa N. ; Katz, Ralph ; Gebrian, Bette J. ; Prophete, Samuel ; Psoter, Walter J. / Effect of early childhood protein-energy malnutrition on permanent dentition dental caries. In: Journal of Public Health Dentistry. 2014 ; Vol. 74, No. 3. pp. 181-187.
@article{fcdfc88abc234bceb6bb91891abbb952,
title = "Effect of early childhood protein-energy malnutrition on permanent dentition dental caries",
abstract = "Conclusions ECPEM status is inversely associated with DMFT in Haitian participants. Further follow-up of these same participants will be recommended to evaluate the potential caries catch-up effect.Objectives The objective of this study is to determine the effect of early childhood protein-energy malnutrition (ECPEM) on decayed, missing, filled tooth (DMFT) scores in the permanent dentition of rural Haitian adolescents aged 11-19 years (n=1,006).Results Questionable malnutrition [rate ratio (RR)=0.72; 95 percent confidence interval (CI), 0.61-0.86] and malnutrition (RR=0.58; 95 percent CI, 0.49-0.69) were associated with a statistically significant lower DMFT in Haitian adolescents.Methods We used data from a retrospective cohort that was developed from the Haitian Health Foundation database and merged records on weight-for-age covering the birth through 5-year-old period for all enrolled participants. Dental examinations and interviewer-administered structured questionnaires on demographic and socioeconomic status, and relative sugar consumption were completed in 1,058 participants aged 11-19 years. The ECPEM was defined based on weight-for-age of the subjects during their first 5 years of life that were converted to Z-scores based on the National Center for Health Statistics referent database. Descriptive statistics were calculated. DMFT was regressed on ECPEM adjusting for age, sex, current body mass index Z-score, socioeconomic status, relative sugar consumption, and number of permanent teeth present assuming a Poisson distribution.",
keywords = "dental caries, early childhood malnutrition, enamel formation, permanent dentition, Poisson regression",
author = "Elisandra Reyes-Perez and Borrell, {Luisa N.} and Ralph Katz and Gebrian, {Bette J.} and Samuel Prophete and Psoter, {Walter J.}",
year = "2014",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/jphd.12044",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "74",
pages = "181--187",
journal = "Journal of Public Health Dentistry",
issn = "0022-4006",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of early childhood protein-energy malnutrition on permanent dentition dental caries

AU - Reyes-Perez, Elisandra

AU - Borrell, Luisa N.

AU - Katz, Ralph

AU - Gebrian, Bette J.

AU - Prophete, Samuel

AU - Psoter, Walter J.

PY - 2014/6/1

Y1 - 2014/6/1

N2 - Conclusions ECPEM status is inversely associated with DMFT in Haitian participants. Further follow-up of these same participants will be recommended to evaluate the potential caries catch-up effect.Objectives The objective of this study is to determine the effect of early childhood protein-energy malnutrition (ECPEM) on decayed, missing, filled tooth (DMFT) scores in the permanent dentition of rural Haitian adolescents aged 11-19 years (n=1,006).Results Questionable malnutrition [rate ratio (RR)=0.72; 95 percent confidence interval (CI), 0.61-0.86] and malnutrition (RR=0.58; 95 percent CI, 0.49-0.69) were associated with a statistically significant lower DMFT in Haitian adolescents.Methods We used data from a retrospective cohort that was developed from the Haitian Health Foundation database and merged records on weight-for-age covering the birth through 5-year-old period for all enrolled participants. Dental examinations and interviewer-administered structured questionnaires on demographic and socioeconomic status, and relative sugar consumption were completed in 1,058 participants aged 11-19 years. The ECPEM was defined based on weight-for-age of the subjects during their first 5 years of life that were converted to Z-scores based on the National Center for Health Statistics referent database. Descriptive statistics were calculated. DMFT was regressed on ECPEM adjusting for age, sex, current body mass index Z-score, socioeconomic status, relative sugar consumption, and number of permanent teeth present assuming a Poisson distribution.

AB - Conclusions ECPEM status is inversely associated with DMFT in Haitian participants. Further follow-up of these same participants will be recommended to evaluate the potential caries catch-up effect.Objectives The objective of this study is to determine the effect of early childhood protein-energy malnutrition (ECPEM) on decayed, missing, filled tooth (DMFT) scores in the permanent dentition of rural Haitian adolescents aged 11-19 years (n=1,006).Results Questionable malnutrition [rate ratio (RR)=0.72; 95 percent confidence interval (CI), 0.61-0.86] and malnutrition (RR=0.58; 95 percent CI, 0.49-0.69) were associated with a statistically significant lower DMFT in Haitian adolescents.Methods We used data from a retrospective cohort that was developed from the Haitian Health Foundation database and merged records on weight-for-age covering the birth through 5-year-old period for all enrolled participants. Dental examinations and interviewer-administered structured questionnaires on demographic and socioeconomic status, and relative sugar consumption were completed in 1,058 participants aged 11-19 years. The ECPEM was defined based on weight-for-age of the subjects during their first 5 years of life that were converted to Z-scores based on the National Center for Health Statistics referent database. Descriptive statistics were calculated. DMFT was regressed on ECPEM adjusting for age, sex, current body mass index Z-score, socioeconomic status, relative sugar consumption, and number of permanent teeth present assuming a Poisson distribution.

KW - dental caries

KW - early childhood malnutrition

KW - enamel formation

KW - permanent dentition

KW - Poisson regression

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84908233811&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84908233811&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/jphd.12044

DO - 10.1111/jphd.12044

M3 - Article

VL - 74

SP - 181

EP - 187

JO - Journal of Public Health Dentistry

JF - Journal of Public Health Dentistry

SN - 0022-4006

IS - 3

ER -