Effect of core design and veneering technique on damage and reliability of Y-TZP-supported crowns

Petra C. Guess, Estevam A. Bonfante, Nelson R F A Silva, Paulo Coelho, Van P. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the effect of framework design modification and veneering techniques in fatigue reliability and failure modes of veneered Yttria-Stabilized Tetragonal Zirconia Polycrystals (Y-TZP) crowns. Methods: A CAD-based mandibular molar crown preparation served as a master die. Y-TZP crown cores (VITA-In-Ceram-YZ, Vita-Zahnfabrik, Bad Säckingen, Germany) in conventional (0.5 mm uniform thickness) or anatomically designed fashion (cusp support) were porcelain veneered with either hand-layer (VM9) or pressed (PM9) techniques. Crowns (n = 84) were cemented on 30 days aged dentin-like composite dies with resin cement. Crowns were subjected to single load to fracture (n = 3 each group) and mouth-motion step-stress fatigue (n = 18) by sliding a WC indenter (r = 3.18 mm) 0.7 mm buccally on the inner incline surface of the mesio-lingual cusp. Stress-level curves (use level probability lognormal) and reliability (with 2-sided 90% confidence bounds, CB) for completion of a mission of 50.000 cycles at 200 N load were calculated. Fractographic analyses were performed under light-polarized and scanning electron microscopes. Results: Higher reliability for hand-layer veneered conventional core (0.99, CB 0.98-1) was found compared to its counterpart press-veneered (0.50 CB 0.33-65). Framework design modification significantly increased reliability for both veneering techniques (PM9 [0.98 CB 0.87-0.99], VM9 [1.00 CB 0.99-1]) and resulted in reduced veneer porcelain fracture sizes. Main fracture mode observed was veneer porcelain chipping, regardless of framework design and veneering technique. Significance: Hand-layer porcelain veneered on conventional core designs presented higher reliability than press-veneered with similar core designs. Anatomic core design modification significantly increased the reliability and resulted in reduced chip size of either veneering techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-316
Number of pages10
JournalDental Materials
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2013

Fingerprint

Yttria stabilized zirconia
Polycrystals
Crowns
Dental Porcelain
Porcelain
Hand
Veneers
Fatigue
Resin Cements
Fatigue of materials
Dentin
Tongue
Reproducibility of Results
Germany
Mouth
Light polarization
Failure modes
yttria stabilized tetragonal zirconia
Electrons
Computer aided design

Keywords

  • CAD/CAM
  • Failure mode
  • Framework design
  • Hand-layer veneering ceramic
  • Mouth-motion fatigue
  • Posterior crown
  • Press veneering ceramic
  • Reliability
  • Zirconia ceramics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Effect of core design and veneering technique on damage and reliability of Y-TZP-supported crowns. / Guess, Petra C.; Bonfante, Estevam A.; Silva, Nelson R F A; Coelho, Paulo; Thompson, Van P.

In: Dental Materials, Vol. 29, No. 3, 03.2013, p. 307-316.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Guess, Petra C. ; Bonfante, Estevam A. ; Silva, Nelson R F A ; Coelho, Paulo ; Thompson, Van P. / Effect of core design and veneering technique on damage and reliability of Y-TZP-supported crowns. In: Dental Materials. 2013 ; Vol. 29, No. 3. pp. 307-316.
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abstract = "Objectives: To evaluate the effect of framework design modification and veneering techniques in fatigue reliability and failure modes of veneered Yttria-Stabilized Tetragonal Zirconia Polycrystals (Y-TZP) crowns. Methods: A CAD-based mandibular molar crown preparation served as a master die. Y-TZP crown cores (VITA-In-Ceram-YZ, Vita-Zahnfabrik, Bad S{\"a}ckingen, Germany) in conventional (0.5 mm uniform thickness) or anatomically designed fashion (cusp support) were porcelain veneered with either hand-layer (VM9) or pressed (PM9) techniques. Crowns (n = 84) were cemented on 30 days aged dentin-like composite dies with resin cement. Crowns were subjected to single load to fracture (n = 3 each group) and mouth-motion step-stress fatigue (n = 18) by sliding a WC indenter (r = 3.18 mm) 0.7 mm buccally on the inner incline surface of the mesio-lingual cusp. Stress-level curves (use level probability lognormal) and reliability (with 2-sided 90{\%} confidence bounds, CB) for completion of a mission of 50.000 cycles at 200 N load were calculated. Fractographic analyses were performed under light-polarized and scanning electron microscopes. Results: Higher reliability for hand-layer veneered conventional core (0.99, CB 0.98-1) was found compared to its counterpart press-veneered (0.50 CB 0.33-65). Framework design modification significantly increased reliability for both veneering techniques (PM9 [0.98 CB 0.87-0.99], VM9 [1.00 CB 0.99-1]) and resulted in reduced veneer porcelain fracture sizes. Main fracture mode observed was veneer porcelain chipping, regardless of framework design and veneering technique. Significance: Hand-layer porcelain veneered on conventional core designs presented higher reliability than press-veneered with similar core designs. Anatomic core design modification significantly increased the reliability and resulted in reduced chip size of either veneering techniques.",
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