Economic growth and the incidence of occupational injuries in Austria

Alfred Barth, Robert Winker, Elisabeth Ponocny-Seliger, Leopold Soegner

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper was to analyze the impact of economic growth measured by real gross domestic product (GDP) on the incidence of occupational injuries in Austria. METHODS: The relationship between GDP and the occupational injury rate of the wage-earning population between 1955 and 2004 was analyzed using an error correction model. The sample size increased from 1.568,371 persons in 1955 to 2.656,952 in 2004. Occupational injuries were divided into fatal and non-fatal injuries. RESULTS: Occupational injuries (fatal and non-fatal) decreased from 8.59% to 4.08%: non-fatal injuries decreased from 8.56% to 4.07%; fatal injuries decreased from 0.03% to 0.01%. Austrian GDP increased from EUR 37.7 billion to EUR 202.8 billion (base year 1995). Statistical analysis clearly shows that a growing economy is associated with declining injury rates (fatal and non-fatal). Two mechanisms are discussed. Firstly, rising GDP is accompanied by greater investment in safer technologies and occupational safety measures. Secondly, booming economies are associated with a reduced risk of unemployment, which is already known to be a risk factor for occupational injuries. CONCLUSIONS: Economic development appears to have an impact on the incidence of occupational injuries in Austria. Health policy should emphasize the necessity for safety at work particularly in phases of economic slowdown.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)158-163
    Number of pages6
    JournalWiener Klinische Wochenschrift
    Volume119
    Issue number5-6
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Apr 1 2007

    Fingerprint

    Occupational Injuries
    Economic Development
    Austria
    Gross Domestic Product
    Incidence
    Wounds and Injuries
    Unemployment
    Salaries and Fringe Benefits
    Occupational Health
    Health Policy
    Sample Size
    Economics
    Technology
    Safety
    Population

    Keywords

    • Economic development
    • Gross domestic product
    • Occupational safety

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medicine(all)

    Cite this

    Economic growth and the incidence of occupational injuries in Austria. / Barth, Alfred; Winker, Robert; Ponocny-Seliger, Elisabeth; Soegner, Leopold.

    In: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift, Vol. 119, No. 5-6, 01.04.2007, p. 158-163.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Barth, A, Winker, R, Ponocny-Seliger, E & Soegner, L 2007, 'Economic growth and the incidence of occupational injuries in Austria', Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift, vol. 119, no. 5-6, pp. 158-163. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00508-006-0726-7
    Barth, Alfred ; Winker, Robert ; Ponocny-Seliger, Elisabeth ; Soegner, Leopold. / Economic growth and the incidence of occupational injuries in Austria. In: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift. 2007 ; Vol. 119, No. 5-6. pp. 158-163.
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