Economic cost and health care workforce effects of school closures in the U.S

Howard Lempel, Joshua M. Epstein, Ross A. Hammond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


School closure is an important component of U.S. pandemic flu mitigation strategy, but has important costs. We give estimates of both the direct economic and health care impacts for school closure durations of 2, 4, 6, and 12 weeks under a range of assumptions. We find that closing all schools in the U.S. for four weeks could cost between $10 and $47 billion dollars (0.1-0.3% of GDP) and lead to a reduction of 6% to 19% in key health care personnel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberecurrents.RRN1051
JournalPLoS Currents
Issue numberOCT
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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