Earthquake faulting effects on buried pipelines - Case history and centrifuge study

Da Ha, Tarek Abdoun, Michael J. O'Rourke, Michael D. Symans, Thomas D. O'Rourke, Michael C. Palmer, Harry E. Stewart

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Permanent ground deformation (PGD) is one of the most damaging hazards for continuous buried lifelines. This hazard is especially severe when the PGD results in net compression in the pipe. In that case, buckling of pipe material can occur. If buckling is moderate, deformation of the pipe cross-section can lead to flow restriction and high friction losses, and eventually require line replacement. If buckling is severe, high localized strains can lead to pipe rupture, loss of contents, and possible pollution of surrounding soil. In this article, centrifuge tests of buried pipelines subject to abrupt ground failure in the form of surface faulting are presented. The fault movement results in mostly compression in the pipe. The test results are compared with a case history of pipe failure in the 1999 Izmit, Turkey earthquake and also with the results from the centrifuge tests which result in net tension in the pipe. The experimental setup, procedures, and instrumentation are described in detail. Suggestions for design practice are offered based on the analysis of results from both the 1999 Izmit case history and the centrifuge modeling.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)646-669
    Number of pages24
    JournalJournal of Earthquake Engineering
    Volume14
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jun 1 2010

    Fingerprint

    Faulting
    Centrifuges
    centrifuge
    Earthquakes
    faulting
    pipe
    Pipelines
    Pipe
    earthquake
    history
    buckling
    Buckling
    Hazards
    compression
    Kocaeli earthquake 1999
    hazard
    centrifugal model test
    effect
    instrumentation
    rupture

    Keywords

    • Buckling
    • Buried Pipeline
    • Case History
    • Centrifuge
    • Earthquake Faulting
    • PGD

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Civil and Structural Engineering
    • Building and Construction
    • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

    Cite this

    Ha, D., Abdoun, T., O'Rourke, M. J., Symans, M. D., O'Rourke, T. D., Palmer, M. C., & Stewart, H. E. (2010). Earthquake faulting effects on buried pipelines - Case history and centrifuge study. Journal of Earthquake Engineering, 14(5), 646-669. https://doi.org/10.1080/13632460903527955

    Earthquake faulting effects on buried pipelines - Case history and centrifuge study. / Ha, Da; Abdoun, Tarek; O'Rourke, Michael J.; Symans, Michael D.; O'Rourke, Thomas D.; Palmer, Michael C.; Stewart, Harry E.

    In: Journal of Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 14, No. 5, 01.06.2010, p. 646-669.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Ha, D, Abdoun, T, O'Rourke, MJ, Symans, MD, O'Rourke, TD, Palmer, MC & Stewart, HE 2010, 'Earthquake faulting effects on buried pipelines - Case history and centrifuge study', Journal of Earthquake Engineering, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 646-669. https://doi.org/10.1080/13632460903527955
    Ha, Da ; Abdoun, Tarek ; O'Rourke, Michael J. ; Symans, Michael D. ; O'Rourke, Thomas D. ; Palmer, Michael C. ; Stewart, Harry E. / Earthquake faulting effects on buried pipelines - Case history and centrifuge study. In: Journal of Earthquake Engineering. 2010 ; Vol. 14, No. 5. pp. 646-669.
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