Early-type galaxies in the sloan digital sky survey. III. The fundamental plane

Mariangela Bernardi, Ravi K. Sheth, James Annis, Scott Burles, Daniel J. Eisenstein, Douglas P. Finkbeiner, David W. Hogg, Robert H. Lupton, David J. Schlegel, Mark SubbaRao, Neta A. Bahcall, John P. Blakeslee, J. Brinkmann, Francisco Castander, Andrew J. Connolly, István Csabai, Mamoru Doi, Masataka Fukugita, Joshua Frieman, Timothy HeckmanGregory S. Hennessy, Željko Ivezić, G. R. Knapp, Don Q. Lamb, Timothy McKay, Jeffrey A. Munn, Robert Nichol, Sadanori Okamura, Donald P. Schneider, Aniruddha R. Thakar, Donald G. York

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    A magnitude-limited sample of nearly 9000 early-type galaxies in the redshift range 0.01 ≤ z ≤ 0.3 was selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) using morphological and spectral criteria. The fundamental plane relation in this sample is Ro ∝ σ 1.49±0.05 Io-0.75±0.01 in the r* band, It is approximately the same in the g*, i*, and z* bands. Relative to the population at the median redshift in the sample, galaxies at lower and higher redshifts have evolved only a little. If the fundamental plane is used to quantify this evolution, then the apparent magnitude limit can masquerade as evolution; once this selection effect has been accounted for, the evolution is consistent with that of a passively evolving population that formed the bulk of its stars about 9 Gyr ago. One of the principal advantages of the SDSS sample over previous samples is that the galaxies in it lie in environments ranging from isolation in the field to the dense cores of clusters. The fundamental plane shows that galaxies in dense regions are slightly different from galaxies in less dense regions.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1866-1881
    Number of pages16
    JournalAstronomical Journal
    Volume125
    Issue number4 1768
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Apr 2003

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    galaxies
    Io
    isolation
    stars
    effect

    Keywords

    • Galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD
    • Galaxies: evolution
    • Galaxies: fundamental parameters
    • Galaxies: photometry
    • Galaxies: stellar content

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Space and Planetary Science
    • Astronomy and Astrophysics

    Cite this

    Bernardi, M., Sheth, R. K., Annis, J., Burles, S., Eisenstein, D. J., Finkbeiner, D. P., ... York, D. G. (2003). Early-type galaxies in the sloan digital sky survey. III. The fundamental plane. Astronomical Journal, 125(4 1768), 1866-1881. https://doi.org/10.1086/367794

    Early-type galaxies in the sloan digital sky survey. III. The fundamental plane. / Bernardi, Mariangela; Sheth, Ravi K.; Annis, James; Burles, Scott; Eisenstein, Daniel J.; Finkbeiner, Douglas P.; Hogg, David W.; Lupton, Robert H.; Schlegel, David J.; SubbaRao, Mark; Bahcall, Neta A.; Blakeslee, John P.; Brinkmann, J.; Castander, Francisco; Connolly, Andrew J.; Csabai, István; Doi, Mamoru; Fukugita, Masataka; Frieman, Joshua; Heckman, Timothy; Hennessy, Gregory S.; Ivezić, Željko; Knapp, G. R.; Lamb, Don Q.; McKay, Timothy; Munn, Jeffrey A.; Nichol, Robert; Okamura, Sadanori; Schneider, Donald P.; Thakar, Aniruddha R.; York, Donald G.

    In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 125, No. 4 1768, 04.2003, p. 1866-1881.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Bernardi, M, Sheth, RK, Annis, J, Burles, S, Eisenstein, DJ, Finkbeiner, DP, Hogg, DW, Lupton, RH, Schlegel, DJ, SubbaRao, M, Bahcall, NA, Blakeslee, JP, Brinkmann, J, Castander, F, Connolly, AJ, Csabai, I, Doi, M, Fukugita, M, Frieman, J, Heckman, T, Hennessy, GS, Ivezić, Ž, Knapp, GR, Lamb, DQ, McKay, T, Munn, JA, Nichol, R, Okamura, S, Schneider, DP, Thakar, AR & York, DG 2003, 'Early-type galaxies in the sloan digital sky survey. III. The fundamental plane', Astronomical Journal, vol. 125, no. 4 1768, pp. 1866-1881. https://doi.org/10.1086/367794
    Bernardi M, Sheth RK, Annis J, Burles S, Eisenstein DJ, Finkbeiner DP et al. Early-type galaxies in the sloan digital sky survey. III. The fundamental plane. Astronomical Journal. 2003 Apr;125(4 1768):1866-1881. https://doi.org/10.1086/367794
    Bernardi, Mariangela ; Sheth, Ravi K. ; Annis, James ; Burles, Scott ; Eisenstein, Daniel J. ; Finkbeiner, Douglas P. ; Hogg, David W. ; Lupton, Robert H. ; Schlegel, David J. ; SubbaRao, Mark ; Bahcall, Neta A. ; Blakeslee, John P. ; Brinkmann, J. ; Castander, Francisco ; Connolly, Andrew J. ; Csabai, István ; Doi, Mamoru ; Fukugita, Masataka ; Frieman, Joshua ; Heckman, Timothy ; Hennessy, Gregory S. ; Ivezić, Željko ; Knapp, G. R. ; Lamb, Don Q. ; McKay, Timothy ; Munn, Jeffrey A. ; Nichol, Robert ; Okamura, Sadanori ; Schneider, Donald P. ; Thakar, Aniruddha R. ; York, Donald G. / Early-type galaxies in the sloan digital sky survey. III. The fundamental plane. In: Astronomical Journal. 2003 ; Vol. 125, No. 4 1768. pp. 1866-1881.
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    abstract = "A magnitude-limited sample of nearly 9000 early-type galaxies in the redshift range 0.01 ≤ z ≤ 0.3 was selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) using morphological and spectral criteria. The fundamental plane relation in this sample is Ro ∝ σ 1.49±0.05 Io-0.75±0.01 in the r* band, It is approximately the same in the g*, i*, and z* bands. Relative to the population at the median redshift in the sample, galaxies at lower and higher redshifts have evolved only a little. If the fundamental plane is used to quantify this evolution, then the apparent magnitude limit can masquerade as evolution; once this selection effect has been accounted for, the evolution is consistent with that of a passively evolving population that formed the bulk of its stars about 9 Gyr ago. One of the principal advantages of the SDSS sample over previous samples is that the galaxies in it lie in environments ranging from isolation in the field to the dense cores of clusters. The fundamental plane shows that galaxies in dense regions are slightly different from galaxies in less dense regions.",
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    AU - Sheth, Ravi K.

    AU - Annis, James

    AU - Burles, Scott

    AU - Eisenstein, Daniel J.

    AU - Finkbeiner, Douglas P.

    AU - Hogg, David W.

    AU - Lupton, Robert H.

    AU - Schlegel, David J.

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    AU - Blakeslee, John P.

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    AU - Castander, Francisco

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    AU - Doi, Mamoru

    AU - Fukugita, Masataka

    AU - Frieman, Joshua

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    AU - Munn, Jeffrey A.

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    AU - Okamura, Sadanori

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    KW - Galaxies: fundamental parameters

    KW - Galaxies: photometry

    KW - Galaxies: stellar content

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