Dynamics in complex systems: Dendrimer-polymer blends in electric and mechanical fields

Sanja Ristić, Jovan Mijovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An investigation was carried out on the molecular dynamics of blends composed of poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimers with ethylenediamine core and amino surface groups (generations 0 and 3) and three linear polymers: poly(propylene oxide) - PPO and two block copolymers, poly(propylene oxide)/poly(ethylene oxide) - PPO/PEO with different mole ratios: 29/6 (amorphous) and 10/31 (crystalline). The results were generated over a broad range of frequency and temperature by Dielectric Relaxation Spectroscopy (DRS) and Dynamic Mechanical Spectroscopy (DMS). Dielectric spectra of dendrimers in the PPO matrix reveal a decrease in the time scale of normal and segmental relaxation with increasing dendrimer concentration. In the amorphous blends with 29PPO/6PEO matrix, no effect of concentration on the time scale of normal and segmental processes was observed. But in the crystalline blends with 10PPO/31PEO matrix, relaxation time increases with increasing dendrimer concentration. Results acquired by DRS and DMS were contrasted and the obtained relaxation times were found to be in excellent agreement. A detailed analysis of the effect of generation and concentration of dendrimers, hydrophilicity and morphology of the polymer matrix and temperature on the molecular origin, the shape of the relaxation spectra, the dielectric relaxation strength and the frequency location for the maximum loss in dendrimer-polymer blends is provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4695-4702
Number of pages8
JournalPolymer
Volume49
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 6 2008

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Dendrimers
Polymer blends
Large scale systems
Polyphenylene oxides
Dielectric relaxation
Spectroscopy
ethylenediamine
Polypropylene oxides
Polyethylene oxides
Relaxation time
Crystalline materials
Hydrophilicity
Polymer matrix
Block copolymers
Molecular dynamics
Polymers
Temperature

Keywords

  • Blends
  • Dynamics
  • PAMAM dendrimers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Dynamics in complex systems : Dendrimer-polymer blends in electric and mechanical fields. / Ristić, Sanja; Mijovic, Jovan.

In: Polymer, Vol. 49, No. 21, 06.10.2008, p. 4695-4702.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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