Durkheim, Emile (1858-1917)

Steven Lukes

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    Durkheim's vision of sociology went beyond the scientific to the moral and political, incorporating a distinctive diagnosis of modern society's ills. His several sociological classics remain central through successive critiques and reinterpretations. His major contributions to methodology, to the analysis of types of solidarity and suicide, and his sociology of religion and knowledge are reviewed; also his continuing influence and current significance are assessed. He has profoundly shaped social scientists' understanding of industrialization, urbanization, social control, social disorganization (with the concept of 'anomie'), collective behavior, the ritual and symbolic aspects of punishment, his thoroughly social account of religion, and of the social shaping of cognition and classification.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition
    PublisherElsevier Inc.
    Pages699-704
    Number of pages6
    ISBN (Electronic)9780080970875
    ISBN (Print)9780080970868
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Mar 26 2015

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    Keywords

    • Anomie
    • Classification
    • Collective representations
    • Conscience collective
    • Crime and punishment
    • Division of labor
    • Mechanical and organic
    • Methodological individualism
    • Moral facts
    • Ritual
    • Sacred and profane
    • Social facts
    • Social realism
    • Solidarity
    • Suicide
    • Totemism

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Sciences(all)

    Cite this

    Lukes, S. (2015). Durkheim, Emile (1858-1917). In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition (pp. 699-704). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.61027-9