Drug abuse and illicit drug use in Puerto Rico

G. Canino, J. C. Anthony, D. H. Freeman, Patrick Shrout, M. Rubio-Stipec

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives. Based on an epidemiologic field survey of community households in Puerto Rico, this study estimates the frequency of illicit drug use and clinically defined drug abuse and/or dependence syndromes. Results are compared with those from surveys on the United States mainland. Suspected risk factors are studied as well, with a special focus on childhood misbehavior. Methods. Trained lay interviewers administered a Spanish Diagnostic Interview Schedule to 912 respondents aged 17 to 68 years who were selected by multistage probability sampling of island households. Results. An estimated 8.2% of the population had a history of illicit drug use and 1.2% qualified for a standardized lifetime diagnosis of drug abuse, dependence, or both. An estimated 18.4% of the male drug users and 7.7% of the female drug users met criteria for drug abuse and/or dependence. A history of drug use was related to the diagnoses of alcohol abuse and/or dependence and antisocial personality, but few persons who had used illicit drugs at least once in their lifetime reported a history of receiving treatment for alcohol, drug, or mental health problems. Conclusions. The data were consistent with a suspected association between level of childhood misbehavior and occurrence of illicit drug use, even after statistical control for potentially confounding variables.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)194-200
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume83
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1993

Fingerprint

Puerto Rico
Street Drugs
Substance-Related Disorders
Drug Users
Alcoholism
Interviews
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Islands
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Appointments and Schedules
Mental Health
Alcohols
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Canino, G., Anthony, J. C., Freeman, D. H., Shrout, P., & Rubio-Stipec, M. (1993). Drug abuse and illicit drug use in Puerto Rico. American Journal of Public Health, 83(2), 194-200.

Drug abuse and illicit drug use in Puerto Rico. / Canino, G.; Anthony, J. C.; Freeman, D. H.; Shrout, Patrick; Rubio-Stipec, M.

In: American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 83, No. 2, 1993, p. 194-200.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Canino, G, Anthony, JC, Freeman, DH, Shrout, P & Rubio-Stipec, M 1993, 'Drug abuse and illicit drug use in Puerto Rico', American Journal of Public Health, vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 194-200.
Canino G, Anthony JC, Freeman DH, Shrout P, Rubio-Stipec M. Drug abuse and illicit drug use in Puerto Rico. American Journal of Public Health. 1993;83(2):194-200.
Canino, G. ; Anthony, J. C. ; Freeman, D. H. ; Shrout, Patrick ; Rubio-Stipec, M. / Drug abuse and illicit drug use in Puerto Rico. In: American Journal of Public Health. 1993 ; Vol. 83, No. 2. pp. 194-200.
@article{915282cfe2c948bda49ea3b25ac16431,
title = "Drug abuse and illicit drug use in Puerto Rico",
abstract = "Objectives. Based on an epidemiologic field survey of community households in Puerto Rico, this study estimates the frequency of illicit drug use and clinically defined drug abuse and/or dependence syndromes. Results are compared with those from surveys on the United States mainland. Suspected risk factors are studied as well, with a special focus on childhood misbehavior. Methods. Trained lay interviewers administered a Spanish Diagnostic Interview Schedule to 912 respondents aged 17 to 68 years who were selected by multistage probability sampling of island households. Results. An estimated 8.2{\%} of the population had a history of illicit drug use and 1.2{\%} qualified for a standardized lifetime diagnosis of drug abuse, dependence, or both. An estimated 18.4{\%} of the male drug users and 7.7{\%} of the female drug users met criteria for drug abuse and/or dependence. A history of drug use was related to the diagnoses of alcohol abuse and/or dependence and antisocial personality, but few persons who had used illicit drugs at least once in their lifetime reported a history of receiving treatment for alcohol, drug, or mental health problems. Conclusions. The data were consistent with a suspected association between level of childhood misbehavior and occurrence of illicit drug use, even after statistical control for potentially confounding variables.",
author = "G. Canino and Anthony, {J. C.} and Freeman, {D. H.} and Patrick Shrout and M. Rubio-Stipec",
year = "1993",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "83",
pages = "194--200",
journal = "American Journal of Public Health",
issn = "0090-0036",
publisher = "American Public Health Association Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Drug abuse and illicit drug use in Puerto Rico

AU - Canino, G.

AU - Anthony, J. C.

AU - Freeman, D. H.

AU - Shrout, Patrick

AU - Rubio-Stipec, M.

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - Objectives. Based on an epidemiologic field survey of community households in Puerto Rico, this study estimates the frequency of illicit drug use and clinically defined drug abuse and/or dependence syndromes. Results are compared with those from surveys on the United States mainland. Suspected risk factors are studied as well, with a special focus on childhood misbehavior. Methods. Trained lay interviewers administered a Spanish Diagnostic Interview Schedule to 912 respondents aged 17 to 68 years who were selected by multistage probability sampling of island households. Results. An estimated 8.2% of the population had a history of illicit drug use and 1.2% qualified for a standardized lifetime diagnosis of drug abuse, dependence, or both. An estimated 18.4% of the male drug users and 7.7% of the female drug users met criteria for drug abuse and/or dependence. A history of drug use was related to the diagnoses of alcohol abuse and/or dependence and antisocial personality, but few persons who had used illicit drugs at least once in their lifetime reported a history of receiving treatment for alcohol, drug, or mental health problems. Conclusions. The data were consistent with a suspected association between level of childhood misbehavior and occurrence of illicit drug use, even after statistical control for potentially confounding variables.

AB - Objectives. Based on an epidemiologic field survey of community households in Puerto Rico, this study estimates the frequency of illicit drug use and clinically defined drug abuse and/or dependence syndromes. Results are compared with those from surveys on the United States mainland. Suspected risk factors are studied as well, with a special focus on childhood misbehavior. Methods. Trained lay interviewers administered a Spanish Diagnostic Interview Schedule to 912 respondents aged 17 to 68 years who were selected by multistage probability sampling of island households. Results. An estimated 8.2% of the population had a history of illicit drug use and 1.2% qualified for a standardized lifetime diagnosis of drug abuse, dependence, or both. An estimated 18.4% of the male drug users and 7.7% of the female drug users met criteria for drug abuse and/or dependence. A history of drug use was related to the diagnoses of alcohol abuse and/or dependence and antisocial personality, but few persons who had used illicit drugs at least once in their lifetime reported a history of receiving treatment for alcohol, drug, or mental health problems. Conclusions. The data were consistent with a suspected association between level of childhood misbehavior and occurrence of illicit drug use, even after statistical control for potentially confounding variables.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027513326&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027513326&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8427322

AN - SCOPUS:0027513326

VL - 83

SP - 194

EP - 200

JO - American Journal of Public Health

JF - American Journal of Public Health

SN - 0090-0036

IS - 2

ER -