Domestic political determinants of the onset of WTO disputes

Bryan Rosendorff, Alastair Smith

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Trade disputes are driven by domestic politics, and the onset of trade disputes are driven by changes in the leadership within states. We offer two stylized facts for explanation: Leader change leads to dispute onset, and the effect is greater in autocracies than in democracies. We develop a model that explains changes in trade policy and dispute onset induced by shifts in the sectors represented in government when leaders change. Democracies protect a wider set of industries at shallower levels than do autocracies. When leaders change in autocracies, new sectors enter the winning coalition, resulting in new deeper barriers that spark disputes. When leaders change in democracies, the change in the winning coalition is not as stark, and the depth of the shifts in trade barriers is not that large, resulting is a smaller effect on dispute initiation.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1-30
    Number of pages30
    JournalReview of International Organizations
    DOIs
    StateAccepted/In press - Jan 20 2018

    Fingerprint

    WTO
    determinants
    leader
    democracy
    coalition
    trade barrier
    trade policy
    leadership
    politics
    Dispute
    industry
    Democracy

    Keywords

    • Dispute onset
    • Leader change
    • Regime type
    • WTO

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Economics and Econometrics
    • Political Science and International Relations
    • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

    Cite this

    Domestic political determinants of the onset of WTO disputes. / Rosendorff, Bryan; Smith, Alastair.

    In: Review of International Organizations, 20.01.2018, p. 1-30.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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