Does state AFDC generosity affect child SSI participation?

Bowen Garrett, Sharon Glied

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This article examines the extent of interactions or spillovers between the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) programs for children. In the early 1990s, the Social Security Administration substantially relaxed child eligibility criteria for SSI benefits. Since the changes, the number of U.S. children receiving cash and medical benefits through SSI tripled to nearly 1 million. The article describes a family's decision to participate in SSI and/or AFDC, and uses state-level data for three years before, and three years after, the Zebley decision to estimate the effect of state program generosity on child program participation. The expansions in child SSI eligibility increased child SSI participation and contributed to increased total program participation by children in the early 1990s. Child SSI participation increased more in states with lower AFDC payments and higher state SSI supplementation payments. These results suggest that families use SSI and AFDC as substitutes. At least 32 percent of the Zebley increase in SSI is likely attributable to the SSI-AFDC benefit gap for the median AFDC benefit state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-295
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Policy Analysis and Management
Volume19
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2000

Fingerprint

income
participation
child benefit
children's program
Generosity
Participation
State aid
Income
social security
interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Public Administration

Cite this

Does state AFDC generosity affect child SSI participation? / Garrett, Bowen; Glied, Sharon.

In: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Vol. 19, No. 2, 2000, p. 275-295.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{75b935f3b58c44029d0571dcb6c2cec2,
title = "Does state AFDC generosity affect child SSI participation?",
abstract = "This article examines the extent of interactions or spillovers between the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) programs for children. In the early 1990s, the Social Security Administration substantially relaxed child eligibility criteria for SSI benefits. Since the changes, the number of U.S. children receiving cash and medical benefits through SSI tripled to nearly 1 million. The article describes a family's decision to participate in SSI and/or AFDC, and uses state-level data for three years before, and three years after, the Zebley decision to estimate the effect of state program generosity on child program participation. The expansions in child SSI eligibility increased child SSI participation and contributed to increased total program participation by children in the early 1990s. Child SSI participation increased more in states with lower AFDC payments and higher state SSI supplementation payments. These results suggest that families use SSI and AFDC as substitutes. At least 32 percent of the Zebley increase in SSI is likely attributable to the SSI-AFDC benefit gap for the median AFDC benefit state.",
author = "Bowen Garrett and Sharon Glied",
year = "2000",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "19",
pages = "275--295",
journal = "Journal of Policy Analysis and Management",
issn = "0276-8739",
publisher = "Wiley-Liss Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does state AFDC generosity affect child SSI participation?

AU - Garrett, Bowen

AU - Glied, Sharon

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - This article examines the extent of interactions or spillovers between the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) programs for children. In the early 1990s, the Social Security Administration substantially relaxed child eligibility criteria for SSI benefits. Since the changes, the number of U.S. children receiving cash and medical benefits through SSI tripled to nearly 1 million. The article describes a family's decision to participate in SSI and/or AFDC, and uses state-level data for three years before, and three years after, the Zebley decision to estimate the effect of state program generosity on child program participation. The expansions in child SSI eligibility increased child SSI participation and contributed to increased total program participation by children in the early 1990s. Child SSI participation increased more in states with lower AFDC payments and higher state SSI supplementation payments. These results suggest that families use SSI and AFDC as substitutes. At least 32 percent of the Zebley increase in SSI is likely attributable to the SSI-AFDC benefit gap for the median AFDC benefit state.

AB - This article examines the extent of interactions or spillovers between the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) programs for children. In the early 1990s, the Social Security Administration substantially relaxed child eligibility criteria for SSI benefits. Since the changes, the number of U.S. children receiving cash and medical benefits through SSI tripled to nearly 1 million. The article describes a family's decision to participate in SSI and/or AFDC, and uses state-level data for three years before, and three years after, the Zebley decision to estimate the effect of state program generosity on child program participation. The expansions in child SSI eligibility increased child SSI participation and contributed to increased total program participation by children in the early 1990s. Child SSI participation increased more in states with lower AFDC payments and higher state SSI supplementation payments. These results suggest that families use SSI and AFDC as substitutes. At least 32 percent of the Zebley increase in SSI is likely attributable to the SSI-AFDC benefit gap for the median AFDC benefit state.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034395963&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034395963&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 275

EP - 295

JO - Journal of Policy Analysis and Management

JF - Journal of Policy Analysis and Management

SN - 0276-8739

IS - 2

ER -