Does city-subsidized owner-occupied housing improve school quality? Evidence from New York City

Colin C. Chellman, Ingrid Gould Ellen, Brian J. McCabe, Amy Ellen Schwartz, Leanna Stiefel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Problem: Policymakers and community development practitioners view increasing subsidized owner-occupied housing as a mechanism to improve urban neighborhoods, but little research studies the impact of such investments on community amenities. Purpose: We examine the impact of subsidized owner-occupied housing on the quality of local schools and compare them to the impacts of city investments in rental units. Methods: Using data from the New York City Department of Education (DOE) and the New York City Department of Housing Preservation and Development (HPD), we estimate three main sets of regressions, exploring student characteristics, school resources, and school outcomes. Results and conclusions: The completion of subsidized owner-occupied housing is associated with a decrease in schools' percentage of free-lunch eligible students, an increase in schools' percentage of White students, and, controlling for these compositional changes, an increase in scores on standardized reading and math exams. By contrast, our results suggest that investments in rental housing have little, if any, effect. Takeaway for practice: Policies promoting the construction of subsidized owner-occupied housing have solidified in local governments around the country. Our research provides reassurance to policymakers and planners who are concerned about the spillover effects of subsidized, citywide investments beyond the households being directly served. It suggests that benefits from investments in owner occupancy may extend beyond the individual level, with an increase in subsidized owner-occupancy bringing about improvements in neighborhood school quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-141
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of the American Planning Association
Volume77
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011

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housing
school
evidence
student
spillover effect
community development
amenity
local government
city
education
regression
resource
resources
community

Keywords

  • education
  • homeownership
  • subsidized housing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Urban Studies
  • Geography, Planning and Development

Cite this

Does city-subsidized owner-occupied housing improve school quality? Evidence from New York City. / Chellman, Colin C.; Ellen, Ingrid Gould; McCabe, Brian J.; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Stiefel, Leanna.

In: Journal of the American Planning Association, Vol. 77, No. 2, 03.2011, p. 127-141.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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