Distinguishing the geographic levels and social dimensions of U.S. metropolitan segregation, 1960-2000

Claude S. Fischer, Gretchen Stockmayer, Jon Stiles, Michael Hout

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this article, we assess trends in residential segregation in the United States from 1960 to 2000 along several dimensions of race and ethnicity, class, and life cycle and present a method for attributing segregation to nested geographic levels. We measured segregation for metropolitan America using the Theil index, which is additively decomposed into contributions of regional, metropolitan, center city-suburban, place, and tract segregation. This procedure distinguishes whether groups live apart because members cluster in different neighborhoods, communities, metropolitan areas, or regions. Substantively, we found that the segregation of blacks decreased considerably after 1960 largely because neighborhoods became more integrated, but the foreign born became more segregated largely because they concentrated in particular metropolitan areas. Class segregation increased between 1970 and 1990 mainly because the affluent increasingly clustered in specific metropolitan areas and in specific municipalities within metropolitan areas. The unmarried increasingly congregated in center cities. The main purpose of this article is to describe and illustrate this multilevel approach to studying segregation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-59
Number of pages23
JournalDemography
Volume41
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2004

Fingerprint

segregation
agglomeration area
city center
metropolitan region
life cycle
municipality
ethnicity
present
trend
community
Group

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography

Cite this

Distinguishing the geographic levels and social dimensions of U.S. metropolitan segregation, 1960-2000. / Fischer, Claude S.; Stockmayer, Gretchen; Stiles, Jon; Hout, Michael.

In: Demography, Vol. 41, No. 1, 02.2004, p. 37-59.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fischer, Claude S. ; Stockmayer, Gretchen ; Stiles, Jon ; Hout, Michael. / Distinguishing the geographic levels and social dimensions of U.S. metropolitan segregation, 1960-2000. In: Demography. 2004 ; Vol. 41, No. 1. pp. 37-59.
@article{aded9d0f58b5411fbc80cd85008d438b,
title = "Distinguishing the geographic levels and social dimensions of U.S. metropolitan segregation, 1960-2000",
abstract = "In this article, we assess trends in residential segregation in the United States from 1960 to 2000 along several dimensions of race and ethnicity, class, and life cycle and present a method for attributing segregation to nested geographic levels. We measured segregation for metropolitan America using the Theil index, which is additively decomposed into contributions of regional, metropolitan, center city-suburban, place, and tract segregation. This procedure distinguishes whether groups live apart because members cluster in different neighborhoods, communities, metropolitan areas, or regions. Substantively, we found that the segregation of blacks decreased considerably after 1960 largely because neighborhoods became more integrated, but the foreign born became more segregated largely because they concentrated in particular metropolitan areas. Class segregation increased between 1970 and 1990 mainly because the affluent increasingly clustered in specific metropolitan areas and in specific municipalities within metropolitan areas. The unmarried increasingly congregated in center cities. The main purpose of this article is to describe and illustrate this multilevel approach to studying segregation.",
author = "Fischer, {Claude S.} and Gretchen Stockmayer and Jon Stiles and Michael Hout",
year = "2004",
month = "2",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "41",
pages = "37--59",
journal = "Demography",
issn = "0070-3370",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Distinguishing the geographic levels and social dimensions of U.S. metropolitan segregation, 1960-2000

AU - Fischer, Claude S.

AU - Stockmayer, Gretchen

AU - Stiles, Jon

AU - Hout, Michael

PY - 2004/2

Y1 - 2004/2

N2 - In this article, we assess trends in residential segregation in the United States from 1960 to 2000 along several dimensions of race and ethnicity, class, and life cycle and present a method for attributing segregation to nested geographic levels. We measured segregation for metropolitan America using the Theil index, which is additively decomposed into contributions of regional, metropolitan, center city-suburban, place, and tract segregation. This procedure distinguishes whether groups live apart because members cluster in different neighborhoods, communities, metropolitan areas, or regions. Substantively, we found that the segregation of blacks decreased considerably after 1960 largely because neighborhoods became more integrated, but the foreign born became more segregated largely because they concentrated in particular metropolitan areas. Class segregation increased between 1970 and 1990 mainly because the affluent increasingly clustered in specific metropolitan areas and in specific municipalities within metropolitan areas. The unmarried increasingly congregated in center cities. The main purpose of this article is to describe and illustrate this multilevel approach to studying segregation.

AB - In this article, we assess trends in residential segregation in the United States from 1960 to 2000 along several dimensions of race and ethnicity, class, and life cycle and present a method for attributing segregation to nested geographic levels. We measured segregation for metropolitan America using the Theil index, which is additively decomposed into contributions of regional, metropolitan, center city-suburban, place, and tract segregation. This procedure distinguishes whether groups live apart because members cluster in different neighborhoods, communities, metropolitan areas, or regions. Substantively, we found that the segregation of blacks decreased considerably after 1960 largely because neighborhoods became more integrated, but the foreign born became more segregated largely because they concentrated in particular metropolitan areas. Class segregation increased between 1970 and 1990 mainly because the affluent increasingly clustered in specific metropolitan areas and in specific municipalities within metropolitan areas. The unmarried increasingly congregated in center cities. The main purpose of this article is to describe and illustrate this multilevel approach to studying segregation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=2942532240&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=2942532240&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 41

SP - 37

EP - 59

JO - Demography

JF - Demography

SN - 0070-3370

IS - 1

ER -