Distinctive fibroblastic subpopulations in skin and oral mucosa demonstrated by differences in glycosaminoglycan content.

R. E. Bronson, J. G. Argenta, E. P. Siebert, Charles Bertolami

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Abstract

The glycosaminoglycan (GAG) content of rabbit skin, oral mucosa, and cultured [3H]-glucosamine-labeled dermal and submucosal fibroblasts was compared. Skin contained predominantly dermatan sulfate (DS) and a small amount of hyaluronic acid (HA), whereas mucosa contained primarily keratan sulfate (KS) and smaller quantities of HA and DS. Culture medium from dermal and submucosal fibroblasts contained GAGs co-electrophoresing with DS, HA, and chondroitin sulfate (CS), although the relative proportions of these GAG differed. CS isolated from dermal and mucosal fibroblast culture medium co-electrophoresed with chondroitin 4-sulfate (C4-S) on cellulose acetate, whereas dermal medium CS was resistant to digestion by chondroitinase ABC, and mucosal medium CS was chondroitinase ABC-susceptible. The pericellular matrix of dermal fibroblasts contained primarily DS and C4-S/C6-S, as confirmed by chondroitinase ABC digestion; the corresponding fraction of mucosal fibroblasts contained HS and a GAG co-electrophoresing with a C6-S standard, yet resistant to digestion by chondroitinase ABC. Thus the GAG content of dermal and mucosal fibroblasts differed both qualitatively in terms of the type of GAG secreted into the culture medium and pericellular matrix, and quantitatively, in terms of the relative proportions of these GAGs in both fractions. These differences support the concept of distinctive fibroblastic subpopulations in skin and mucosal tissue, inasmuch as the cells were subjected to identical culturing conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1121-1126
Number of pages6
JournalIn vitro cellular & developmental biology : journal of the Tissue Culture Association
Volume24
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1988

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Chondroitin Sulfates
Mouth Mucosa
Fibroblasts
Glycosaminoglycans
Chondroitin ABC Lyase
Dermatan Sulfate
Skin
Hyaluronic Acid
Culture Media
Digestion
Keratan Sulfate
Glucosamine
Mucous Membrane
Rabbits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Distinctive fibroblastic subpopulations in skin and oral mucosa demonstrated by differences in glycosaminoglycan content.",
abstract = "The glycosaminoglycan (GAG) content of rabbit skin, oral mucosa, and cultured [3H]-glucosamine-labeled dermal and submucosal fibroblasts was compared. Skin contained predominantly dermatan sulfate (DS) and a small amount of hyaluronic acid (HA), whereas mucosa contained primarily keratan sulfate (KS) and smaller quantities of HA and DS. Culture medium from dermal and submucosal fibroblasts contained GAGs co-electrophoresing with DS, HA, and chondroitin sulfate (CS), although the relative proportions of these GAG differed. CS isolated from dermal and mucosal fibroblast culture medium co-electrophoresed with chondroitin 4-sulfate (C4-S) on cellulose acetate, whereas dermal medium CS was resistant to digestion by chondroitinase ABC, and mucosal medium CS was chondroitinase ABC-susceptible. The pericellular matrix of dermal fibroblasts contained primarily DS and C4-S/C6-S, as confirmed by chondroitinase ABC digestion; the corresponding fraction of mucosal fibroblasts contained HS and a GAG co-electrophoresing with a C6-S standard, yet resistant to digestion by chondroitinase ABC. Thus the GAG content of dermal and mucosal fibroblasts differed both qualitatively in terms of the type of GAG secreted into the culture medium and pericellular matrix, and quantitatively, in terms of the relative proportions of these GAGs in both fractions. These differences support the concept of distinctive fibroblastic subpopulations in skin and mucosal tissue, inasmuch as the cells were subjected to identical culturing conditions.",
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T1 - Distinctive fibroblastic subpopulations in skin and oral mucosa demonstrated by differences in glycosaminoglycan content.

AU - Bronson, R. E.

AU - Argenta, J. G.

AU - Siebert, E. P.

AU - Bertolami, Charles

PY - 1988/11

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N2 - The glycosaminoglycan (GAG) content of rabbit skin, oral mucosa, and cultured [3H]-glucosamine-labeled dermal and submucosal fibroblasts was compared. Skin contained predominantly dermatan sulfate (DS) and a small amount of hyaluronic acid (HA), whereas mucosa contained primarily keratan sulfate (KS) and smaller quantities of HA and DS. Culture medium from dermal and submucosal fibroblasts contained GAGs co-electrophoresing with DS, HA, and chondroitin sulfate (CS), although the relative proportions of these GAG differed. CS isolated from dermal and mucosal fibroblast culture medium co-electrophoresed with chondroitin 4-sulfate (C4-S) on cellulose acetate, whereas dermal medium CS was resistant to digestion by chondroitinase ABC, and mucosal medium CS was chondroitinase ABC-susceptible. The pericellular matrix of dermal fibroblasts contained primarily DS and C4-S/C6-S, as confirmed by chondroitinase ABC digestion; the corresponding fraction of mucosal fibroblasts contained HS and a GAG co-electrophoresing with a C6-S standard, yet resistant to digestion by chondroitinase ABC. Thus the GAG content of dermal and mucosal fibroblasts differed both qualitatively in terms of the type of GAG secreted into the culture medium and pericellular matrix, and quantitatively, in terms of the relative proportions of these GAGs in both fractions. These differences support the concept of distinctive fibroblastic subpopulations in skin and mucosal tissue, inasmuch as the cells were subjected to identical culturing conditions.

AB - The glycosaminoglycan (GAG) content of rabbit skin, oral mucosa, and cultured [3H]-glucosamine-labeled dermal and submucosal fibroblasts was compared. Skin contained predominantly dermatan sulfate (DS) and a small amount of hyaluronic acid (HA), whereas mucosa contained primarily keratan sulfate (KS) and smaller quantities of HA and DS. Culture medium from dermal and submucosal fibroblasts contained GAGs co-electrophoresing with DS, HA, and chondroitin sulfate (CS), although the relative proportions of these GAG differed. CS isolated from dermal and mucosal fibroblast culture medium co-electrophoresed with chondroitin 4-sulfate (C4-S) on cellulose acetate, whereas dermal medium CS was resistant to digestion by chondroitinase ABC, and mucosal medium CS was chondroitinase ABC-susceptible. The pericellular matrix of dermal fibroblasts contained primarily DS and C4-S/C6-S, as confirmed by chondroitinase ABC digestion; the corresponding fraction of mucosal fibroblasts contained HS and a GAG co-electrophoresing with a C6-S standard, yet resistant to digestion by chondroitinase ABC. Thus the GAG content of dermal and mucosal fibroblasts differed both qualitatively in terms of the type of GAG secreted into the culture medium and pericellular matrix, and quantitatively, in terms of the relative proportions of these GAGs in both fractions. These differences support the concept of distinctive fibroblastic subpopulations in skin and mucosal tissue, inasmuch as the cells were subjected to identical culturing conditions.

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