Discrimination as a Frame-of-Reference Effect in Overlapping Friendship Communities of Ethnically Diverse Youth

Baljinder K. Sahdra, Joseph Ciarrochi, Philip D. Parker, Rhonda Craven, Robert Brockman, Emma K. Devine, James Conigrave, Doris F. Chang

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Objectives: To what extent is the frame of reference of overlapping friendship communities important for young people's feelings of discrimination and subjective well-being? That is, do youth feel better or worse to the extent that they feel less or more discrimination than their friends? Method: Participants (N = 898; M age = 14.13; SD age = 3.37; 46% females; 46% Whites; 20% Indigenous; 34% other minorities) were high school students of three ethnically diverse, low socioeconomic status public schools in New South Wales, Australia. Cross-sectional data were collected to measure felt discrimination, mental health, subjective well-being, social support, and nominations of close friends. A state-ofthe- art method of clustering links was used to identify overlapping friendship communities, and multiple membership multilevel models were run to examine whether community-level discrimination moderated the link between individual-level discrimination and well-being. Results: When the community level discrimination was low, there was no well-being related cost or benefit of individual-level discrimination. But when the community-level discrimination was high, individuals in those communities who themselves felt low discrimination had better well-being than individuals who themselves felt high discrimination. Conclusions: We provide evidence for a frame-of-reference effect involving discrimination. Individuals' relative standing in their friendship communities with high group-level discrimination reliably predicted the individuals' well-being levels, regardless of ethnicity. The results highlight the importance of identifying overlapping friendship communities for understanding the dynamics of discrimination and well-being of ethnically diverse youth.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
    DOIs
    StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

    Fingerprint

    friendship
    discrimination
    community
    well-being
    South Australia
    New South Wales
    Art
    Social Class
    Social Support
    Cost-Benefit Analysis
    Cluster Analysis
    Mental Health
    Emotions
    Students
    school
    social support
    social status
    ethnicity
    mental health
    minority

    Keywords

    • Context
    • Discrimination
    • Friendship communities
    • Indigenous psychology
    • Well-being

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Psychology
    • Sociology and Political Science

    Cite this

    Discrimination as a Frame-of-Reference Effect in Overlapping Friendship Communities of Ethnically Diverse Youth. / Sahdra, Baljinder K.; Ciarrochi, Joseph; Parker, Philip D.; Craven, Rhonda; Brockman, Robert; Devine, Emma K.; Conigrave, James; Chang, Doris F.

    In: Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 01.01.2019.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Sahdra, Baljinder K. ; Ciarrochi, Joseph ; Parker, Philip D. ; Craven, Rhonda ; Brockman, Robert ; Devine, Emma K. ; Conigrave, James ; Chang, Doris F. / Discrimination as a Frame-of-Reference Effect in Overlapping Friendship Communities of Ethnically Diverse Youth. In: Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology. 2019.
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