Discovery of TeV gamma-ray emission from CTA 1 by Veritas

E. Aliu, S. Archambault, T. Arlen, T. Aune, M. Beilicke, W. Benbow, A. Bouvier, J. H. Buckley, V. Bugaev, A. Cesarini, L. Ciupik, E. Collins-Hughes, M. P. Connolly, W. Cui, R. Dickherber, C. Duke, J. Dumm, V. V. Dwarkadas, M. Errando, A. FalconeS. Federici, Q. Feng, J. P. Finley, G. Finnegan, L. Fortson, A. Furniss, N. Galante, D. Gall, G. H. Gillanders, S. Godambe, E. V. Gotthelf, S. Griffin, J. Grube, G. Gyuk, D. Hanna, J. Holder, G. Hughes, T. B. Humensky, P. Kaaret, O. Kargaltsev, N. Karlsson, Y. Khassen, D. Kieda, H. Krawczynski, F. Krennrich, M. J. Lang, K. Lee, A. S. Madhavan, G. Maier, P. Majumdar, S. McArthur, A. McCann, P. Moriarty, R. Mukherjee, T. Nelson, A. O.Faoláin De Bhróithe, R. A. Ong, M. Orr, A. N. Otte, N. Park, J. S. Perkins, M. Pohl, H. Prokoph, J. Quinn, K. Ragan, L. C. Reyes, P. T. Reynolds, E. Roache, M. Roberts, D. B. Saxon, M. Schroedter, G. H. Sembroski, P. Slane, A. W. Smith, D. Staszak, I. Telezhinsky, G. Tešić, M. Theiling, S. Thibadeau, K. Tsurusaki, J. Tyler, A. Varlotta, V. V. Vassiliev, S. Vincent, M. Vivier, S. P. Wakely, T. C. Weekes, A. Weinstein, R. Welsing, D. A. Williams, B. Zitzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report the discovery of TeV gamma-ray emission coincident with the shell-type radio supernova remnant (SNR) CTA 1 using the VERITAS gamma-ray observatory. The source, VER J0006+729, was detected as a 6.5 standard deviation excess over background and shows an extended morphology, approximated by a two-dimensional Gaussian of semimajor (semiminor) axis 0.°30 (0.°24) and a centroid 5′ from the Fermi gamma-ray pulsar PSR J0007+7303 and its X-ray pulsar wind nebula (PWN). The photon spectrum is well described by a power-law dN/dE = N 0(E/3 TeV), with a differential spectral index of Γ = 2.2 ± 0.2stat ± 0.3sys, and normalization N 0 = (9.1 ± 1.3stat ± 1.7sys) × 10-14 cm -2 s-1 TeV-1. The integral flux, F γ = 4.0 × 10-12 erg cm-2 s -1 above 1 TeV, corresponds to 0.2% of the pulsar spin-down power at 1.4 kpc. The energetics, colocation with the SNR, and the relatively small extent of the TeV emission strongly argue for the PWN origin of the TeV photons. We consider the origin of the TeV emission in CTA 1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number38
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume764
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 10 2013

Keywords

  • gamma-rays: stars

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Aliu, E., Archambault, S., Arlen, T., Aune, T., Beilicke, M., Benbow, W., Bouvier, A., Buckley, J. H., Bugaev, V., Cesarini, A., Ciupik, L., Collins-Hughes, E., Connolly, M. P., Cui, W., Dickherber, R., Duke, C., Dumm, J., Dwarkadas, V. V., Errando, M., ... Zitzer, B. (2013). Discovery of TeV gamma-ray emission from CTA 1 by Veritas. Astrophysical Journal, 764(1), [38]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/764/1/38