Disaster forensics: Leveraging crisis information systems for social science

Mitchell L. Moss, Anthony M. Townsend

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper contributes to the literature on information systems in crisis management by providing an overview of emerging technologies for sensing and recording sociological data about disasters. These technologies are transforming our capacity to gather data about what happens during disasters, and our ability to reconstruct the social dynamics of affected communities. Our approach takes a broad review of disaster research literature, current research efforts and new reports from recent disasters, especially Hurricane Katrina and the Indian Ocean Tsunami. We forecast that sensor networks will revolutionize conceptual and empiricial approaches to research in the social sciences, by providing unprecedented volumes of high-quality data on movements, communication and response activities by both formal and informal actors. We conclude with a set of recommendations to designers of crisis management information systems to design systems that can support social science research, and argue for the inclusion of post-disaster social research as a design consideration in such systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of ISCRAM 2006 - 3rd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
PublisherRoyal Flemish Academy of Belgium
Pages305-312
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9090206019, 9789090206011
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006
Event3rd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM 2006 - Newark, NJ, United States
Duration: May 14 2006May 17 2006

Publication series

NameProceedings of ISCRAM 2006 - 3rd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management

Other

Other3rd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM 2006
CountryUnited States
CityNewark, NJ
Period5/14/065/17/06

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Keywords

  • Context-awareness
  • Forensics
  • Sensing
  • Sensor-networks
  • Social science

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems

Cite this

Moss, M. L., & Townsend, A. M. (2006). Disaster forensics: Leveraging crisis information systems for social science. In Proceedings of ISCRAM 2006 - 3rd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (pp. 305-312). (Proceedings of ISCRAM 2006 - 3rd International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management). Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium.