Dimorphic development in Streblospio benedicti: Genetic analysis of morphological differences between larval types

Christina Zakas, Matthew Rockman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The marine polychaete Streblospio benedicti exhibits two distinct larval types, making it a model for the study of developmental evolution. Females produce either large eggs or small ones, which develop into distinct lecithotrophic or planktotrophic larvae with concomitant morphological and life-history differences. Here, we investigate the inheritance of key morphological traits that distinguish the larval types. We used genetic crosses to establish the infuence of maternal and zygotic differences on larval phenotypes. We found a large maternal effect on larval size and the number of larval chaetae, while the number and length of these chaetae were also strongly infuenced by zygotic genotype. Interestingly, the distribution of larval phenotypes produced by these crosses suggests traits intermediate to the two parental types should not be uncommon. Yet, despite gene fow between the types in natural populations, such intermediates are rarely found in nature, suggesting that selection may be maintaining distinct larval modes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)593-599
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Developmental Biology
Volume58
Issue number6-8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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Genetic Crosses
Phenotype
Eggs
Larva
Genotype
Mothers
Population
Genes
Maternal Inheritance

Keywords

  • Life-history evolution
  • Poecilogony
  • Quantitative genetics
  • Streblospio benedicti

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Embryology

Cite this

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title = "Dimorphic development in Streblospio benedicti: Genetic analysis of morphological differences between larval types",
abstract = "The marine polychaete Streblospio benedicti exhibits two distinct larval types, making it a model for the study of developmental evolution. Females produce either large eggs or small ones, which develop into distinct lecithotrophic or planktotrophic larvae with concomitant morphological and life-history differences. Here, we investigate the inheritance of key morphological traits that distinguish the larval types. We used genetic crosses to establish the infuence of maternal and zygotic differences on larval phenotypes. We found a large maternal effect on larval size and the number of larval chaetae, while the number and length of these chaetae were also strongly infuenced by zygotic genotype. Interestingly, the distribution of larval phenotypes produced by these crosses suggests traits intermediate to the two parental types should not be uncommon. Yet, despite gene fow between the types in natural populations, such intermediates are rarely found in nature, suggesting that selection may be maintaining distinct larval modes.",
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