Differential Effects of High-Quality Child Care

Jennifer Hill, Jane Waldfogel, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In policy research a frequent aim is to estimate treatment effects separately by subgroups. This endeavor becomes a methodological challenge when the subgroups are defined by post-treatment, rather than pre-treatment, variables because if analyses are performed in the same way as with pre-treatment variables, causal interpretations are no longer valid. The authors illustrate a new approach to this challenge within the context of the Infant Health and Development Program, a. multisite randomized study that provided at-risk children with intensive, center-based child care. This strategy is used to examine the differential causal effects of access to high-quality child care for children who would otherwise have participated in one of three child care options: no non-maternal care, home-based non-maternal care, and center-based care. Results of this study indicate that children participating in the first two types of care would have gained the most from high-quality center-based care and, moreover, would have more consistently retained the bulk of these positive benefits over time. These results may have implications for policy, particularly with regard to the debate about the potential implications of providing universal child care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)601-627
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Policy Analysis and Management
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Fingerprint

child care
research policy
home care
infant
interpretation
Child care
health
Pretreatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Public Administration

Cite this

Differential Effects of High-Quality Child Care. / Hill, Jennifer; Waldfogel, Jane; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne.

In: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Vol. 21, No. 4, 2002, p. 601-627.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hill, Jennifer ; Waldfogel, Jane ; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne. / Differential Effects of High-Quality Child Care. In: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management. 2002 ; Vol. 21, No. 4. pp. 601-627.
@article{0364ce76130b4cf6a33af805f99db4f5,
title = "Differential Effects of High-Quality Child Care",
abstract = "In policy research a frequent aim is to estimate treatment effects separately by subgroups. This endeavor becomes a methodological challenge when the subgroups are defined by post-treatment, rather than pre-treatment, variables because if analyses are performed in the same way as with pre-treatment variables, causal interpretations are no longer valid. The authors illustrate a new approach to this challenge within the context of the Infant Health and Development Program, a. multisite randomized study that provided at-risk children with intensive, center-based child care. This strategy is used to examine the differential causal effects of access to high-quality child care for children who would otherwise have participated in one of three child care options: no non-maternal care, home-based non-maternal care, and center-based care. Results of this study indicate that children participating in the first two types of care would have gained the most from high-quality center-based care and, moreover, would have more consistently retained the bulk of these positive benefits over time. These results may have implications for policy, particularly with regard to the debate about the potential implications of providing universal child care.",
author = "Jennifer Hill and Jane Waldfogel and Jeanne Brooks-Gunn",
year = "2002",
doi = "10.1002/pam.10077",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "21",
pages = "601--627",
journal = "Journal of Policy Analysis and Management",
issn = "0276-8739",
publisher = "Wiley-Liss Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Differential Effects of High-Quality Child Care

AU - Hill, Jennifer

AU - Waldfogel, Jane

AU - Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - In policy research a frequent aim is to estimate treatment effects separately by subgroups. This endeavor becomes a methodological challenge when the subgroups are defined by post-treatment, rather than pre-treatment, variables because if analyses are performed in the same way as with pre-treatment variables, causal interpretations are no longer valid. The authors illustrate a new approach to this challenge within the context of the Infant Health and Development Program, a. multisite randomized study that provided at-risk children with intensive, center-based child care. This strategy is used to examine the differential causal effects of access to high-quality child care for children who would otherwise have participated in one of three child care options: no non-maternal care, home-based non-maternal care, and center-based care. Results of this study indicate that children participating in the first two types of care would have gained the most from high-quality center-based care and, moreover, would have more consistently retained the bulk of these positive benefits over time. These results may have implications for policy, particularly with regard to the debate about the potential implications of providing universal child care.

AB - In policy research a frequent aim is to estimate treatment effects separately by subgroups. This endeavor becomes a methodological challenge when the subgroups are defined by post-treatment, rather than pre-treatment, variables because if analyses are performed in the same way as with pre-treatment variables, causal interpretations are no longer valid. The authors illustrate a new approach to this challenge within the context of the Infant Health and Development Program, a. multisite randomized study that provided at-risk children with intensive, center-based child care. This strategy is used to examine the differential causal effects of access to high-quality child care for children who would otherwise have participated in one of three child care options: no non-maternal care, home-based non-maternal care, and center-based care. Results of this study indicate that children participating in the first two types of care would have gained the most from high-quality center-based care and, moreover, would have more consistently retained the bulk of these positive benefits over time. These results may have implications for policy, particularly with regard to the debate about the potential implications of providing universal child care.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0141550057&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0141550057&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/pam.10077

DO - 10.1002/pam.10077

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0141550057

VL - 21

SP - 601

EP - 627

JO - Journal of Policy Analysis and Management

JF - Journal of Policy Analysis and Management

SN - 0276-8739

IS - 4

ER -